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  1. Research article

    Characterization of pre-Columbian artefacts in situ through handheld portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometry: the case of ceramics from the Mochica site of San José de Moro (Peru)

    The famous archaeological site of San José de Moro (SJM) located in the Jequetepeque Valley (JV) represents one of the best-preserved pre-Columbian Mochica cemeteries uncovered along the north coast of Peru. S...

    Nino Del-Solar-Velarde, Stan Kinis, Rémy Chapoulie, Renaud Joannes-Boyau and Luis Jaime Castillo

    Heritage Science 2016 4:37

    Published on: 17 November 2016

  2. Research article

    On-site monitoring for better selection of stone repairs: a case study

    Weathering of clay-bearing sandstones does not only depend on material properties but also on the environmental conditions they are exposed to. The same is true for repaired stones, in which the compatibility ...

    Thibault Demoulin, Fred Girardet, Timothy P. Wangler, George W. Scherer and Robert J. Flatt

    Heritage Science 2016 4:38

    Published on: 11 November 2016

  3. Research article

    Material properties of Islamic paper

    In contrast to scientific research focussing on European paper, there is a significant gap in our knowledge of Islamic papermaking. This research surveys the evidence of techniques and materials typically used...

    Hend Mahgoub, Tiphaine Bardon, Dirk Lichtblau, Tom Fearn and Matija Strlič

    Heritage Science 2016 4:34

    Published on: 7 November 2016

  4. Research article

    Jackson Pollock’s Number 1A, 1948: a non-invasive study using macro-x-ray fluorescence mapping (MA-XRF) and multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) analysis

    Jackson Pollock’s Number 1A, 1948 painting was investigated using in situ scanning macro-x-ray fluorescence mapping (MA-XRF) to help characterize the artist’s materials and his creative process. A multivariate cu...

    A. Martins, J. Coddington, G. Van der Snickt, B. van Driel, C. McGlinchey, D. Dahlberg, K. Janssens and J. Dik

    Heritage Science 2016 4:33

    Published on: 25 October 2016

  5. Research article

    Effective cleaning of copper stained calcareous stone

    Light calcareous stone materials used in connection with cultural heritage objects, such as pedestals, or used as wall facings in connection with bronze statues or joints often show green staining due to the c...

    Sanne Spile, Takayoshi Suzuki, Jesper Bendix and Kim Pilkjær Simonsen

    Heritage Science 2016 4:29

    Published on: 17 October 2016

  6. Research article

    Salt efflorescence in historic wooden buildings

    Efflorescence and subflorescence are frequent phenomena occurring in buildings of porous inorganic materials such as bricks, stone, and concrete. Since the above phenomena have detrimental effects, they were t...

    Emilio Catelli, Florinel-Gabriel Bănică and Ana Bănică

    Heritage Science 2016 4:31

    Published on: 4 October 2016

  7. Research article

    Spectroscopic analysis used to uncover the original paint colour of the Helsinki Government Palace tower clock faces

    The paint stratigraphy of the two clock faces from the tower clock of the Government Palace in Helsinki (Finland) was analysed in order to determine their original colour before restoration works. Paint cross-...

    Kepa Castro, Ulla Knuutinen, Silvia Fdez-Ortiz de Vallejuelo, Maite Maguregui, Juan Manuel Madariaga and Raili Laakso

    Heritage Science 2016 4:36

    Published on: 22 September 2016

  8. Research article

    The origins of the Selden map of China: scientific analysis of the painting materials and techniques using a holistic approach

    Since the ‘rediscovery’ of the Selden map of China, an early seventeenth century map of Asia, in the Bodleian Library in Oxford, the importance of the map in our understanding of globalisation in the early sev...

    Sotiria Kogou, Sarah Neate, Clare Coveney, Amanda Miles, David Boocock, Lucia Burgio, Chi Shing Cheung and Haida Liang

    Heritage Science 2016 4:28

    Published on: 2 September 2016

  9. Research article

    Investigation of coloured lead glass glitter from an early eighteenth century material collection, Cambridge, by electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray analysis

    Coloured glass glitter is made from thin glass flakes and used for decoration purposes. Published analytical data mainly originates from restoration sites in different countries and is still fragmentary. Sampl...

    Gundel Steigenberger and Christoph Herm

    Heritage Science 2016 4:24

    Published on: 3 August 2016

  10. Research article

    Piet Mondrian’s Broadway Boogie Woogie: non invasive analysis using macro X-ray fluorescence mapping (MA-XRF) and multivariate curve resolution-alternating least square (MCR-ALS)

    Piet Mondrian’s Broadway Boogie Woogie (1942–1943) was examined using Macro X-Ray Fluorescence mapping (MA-XRF) to help characterize the artist’s materials and understand his creative process as well as the curre...

    Ana Martins, Cynthia Albertson, Chris McGlinchey and Joris Dik

    Heritage Science 2016 4:22

    Published on: 27 July 2016

  11. Communication

    One heritage corrosion product less: basic sodium copper carbonate

    Basic sodium copper carbonate, Na3[Cu2(CO3)3(OH)]∙4H2O, has been mentioned as heritage corrosion product of copper alloys in two publications. The identification relied on the comparison of the powder diffractogr...

    Gerhard Eggert, Andrea Fischer and Robert E. Dinnebier

    Heritage Science 2016 4:27

    Published on: 25 July 2016

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2016 4:35

  12. Research article

    Rock varnish on architectural stone: microscopy and analysis of nanoscale manganese oxide deposits on the Smithsonian Castle, Washington, DC

    The Smithsonian Institution Building, commonly referred to as the Castle, is located on the National Mall in Washington, DC, and was constructed in the mid-nineteenth century for the purpose of housing all mus...

    Edward P. Vicenzi, Carol A. Grissom, Richard A. Livingston and Zoe Weldon-Yochim

    Heritage Science 2016 4:26

    Published on: 22 July 2016

  13. Research article

    Synthetic arsenic sulfides in Japanese prints of the Meiji period

    A multi-analytical investigation of Japanese woodblock prints ranging in date from 1864 to 1895 and covering essentially the time span between the very end of the Edo period and the middle of the Meiji period ...

    Yanbing Luo, Elena Basso, Henry D. Smith and Marco Leona

    Heritage Science 2016 4:17

    Published on: 5 July 2016

  14. Research article

    A multi-technique approach, based on mobile/portable laser instruments, for the in situ pigment characterization of stone sculptures on the island of Crete dating from Venetian and Ottoman period

    A versatile analytical methodology is presented, that combines the application of two mobile laser-based analytical techniques, Raman microscopy and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), for the analysi...

    Zoi Eirini Papliaka, Aggelos Philippidis, Panayiotis Siozos, Maria Vakondiou, Kristalia Melessanaki and Demetrios Anglos

    Heritage Science 2016 4:15

    Published on: 20 June 2016

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