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Table 1 Result of on-site pXRF analyses of the murals of Abuna Yemata Guh church

From: Multi-analytical investigation into painting materials and techniques: the wall paintings of Abuna Yemata Guh church

SN Colour Origin Elements detected Pigments implied
1 Yellow Part of cloak of Aba Esi, right of St Mary’s figure Fe, As, Ca, S, Si, Mg, Cl, Sr Orpiment, calcite and\or gypsum
2 Yellow Getse kelb, from head part, under the figure of AYG Fe, Si, Ca, S Yellow ochre
3 Yellow Part of cloak of Aba Esi, right of St Mary’s figure (see also 1) As, S, Ca, Fe, K Orpiment and calcite and\or gypsum
4 Yellow Geometric figure, interlace below the figure to the left of Abuna Yemata Fe, Mn, Ca Yellow ochre
5 Yellow Part of a geometric interlacing figure below St Mary’s figure, remnant from a damaged part Ca, Fe, Si, S Yellow ochre
6 Yellow Part of the geometric figure (damaged) below a man figure to the left of Mary with Christ Fe, Ti, Mn Yellow ochre
7 Red Part of throne, right side close to the lower border, Mary with Child figure (see also 13) Pb, Hg, S, Fe Red ochre, cinnabar, and lead white
8 Red Center of the geometric figure, interlace described in 4 Fe, Ca, S, Zn., Mn, Ni, Co, K, Ti Calcite based, some gypsum
9 Red Part of throne, close to the lower border, right side, Mary with Child figure Fe, Ca, S, K, Mn, Cu, Ni Yellow ochre based
10 Red Lower border, Mary with Child figure Hg, Fe, As, Pb Red ochre, cinnabar and lead white
11 Red Part of throne, close to the lower border, left side, Mary with Child figure Hg, Fe, As, Pb Red ochre, cinnabar and lead white
12 Red Lower border, Mary with Child figure Pb, Hg, Cu, Fe, Ni, As Red ochre, cinnabar and lead white
13 Red Part of throne, right side close to the lower border, Mary with Child figure Pb, Hg, Cu, Fe, Ni, Ti, S, Co, Mn, As, Red ochre, cinnabar and lead white
14 Red Part of throne, right side close to the lower border, Mary with Child figure (see also 13) Pb, Hg, S, Fe Red ochre, cinnabar, and lead white
15 White Leftover in a damaged part below 22 Fe, Ca, S, Mn, Ni, Cu Calcite and\or gypsum
16 White Left over in a damaged part below 22 close to a yellowish damaged part Fe, Ca, S, Mn, Cu, Ti Calcite based, some gypsum
17 White Part of a geometric decorative figure below St Mary’s figure, remnant from a damaged part Fe, Si, Ca, Cl, S Calcite and\or gypsum
18 White Part of the interlacing in the geometric figure described in 4 and 8 Fe, Mn, Ca, S, Zn, Ni, Cu. Ti Red ochre
19 Olive Green Part of (left side) cloak of Aba Esi, located to the right of St Mary’s figure S, Cl, K, Ca, Si, Ti, Fe Green earth, calcite, gypsum
20 Green Part of the geometric figure (damaged) below a man figure to the left of Mary with Christ Fe, Ca, S Green earth, calcite, gypsum
21 Green Part of the interlacing in the geometric figure described in 4,8 and 18 Fe Green earth
22 Red, earth support Exposed part of the geometric figure (damaged) below a man figure to the left of Mary with Christ figure Fe, Ti, Mn Red ochre rich
23 Red, earth support Exposed part of the geometric figure (damaged) below a man figure to the left of Mary with Christ figure As, Pb, Hg, Ca, Fe, S, Co, Mn, K Red ochre rich
24 Red, earth support Exposed support made up of red earth, lower left cloth of St Mary, close to 11 Fe Red earth
  1. The major components identified are shown in boldface