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Table 1 Properties of BNC and NFC suspensions

From: Nano meets the sheet: adhesive-free application of nanocellulosic suspensions in paper conservation

  BNC-bacterial cellulose BNC-bacterial cellulose BNC-bacterial cellulose NFC-nanofibrillated cellulose
Fibre type Hydronan + fiber category C2 Hydronan + fiber category C1 Hydronan + fiber category C4 CNF (cellulose nano-fibrils)
Type/grade BNC/CMC-composite fibres BNC/CMC-composite fibres BNC/CMC-composite fibres CNF
Fibre length 0.25 mm 0.1 mm 1 mm
Concentration of suspension 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 2.5–3%
Concentration for application 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5%/1%
Suspension solvent Ethanol–water (33:77)/water Ethanol–water (33:77)/water Ethanol–water (33:77)/water Water
Colour Transparent Transparent Transparent White