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Table 2 Model papers used for the analytical investigations

From: Nano meets the sheet: adhesive-free application of nanocellulosic suspensions in paper conservation

Name of paper/material properties Whatman no. 1 paper (I) Rag paper (II) Whatman filter paper (III) Book paper without wood pulp (IV) Book paper with wood pulp (V) Newsprint paper with wood pulp (VI)
Dating Twenty first century Seventeenth/eighteenth century Twenty-first century Twentieth century Twentieth century Nineteenth/twentieth century
Manufacture Machine-made Hand-made Machine-made Machine-made Machine-made Machine-made
Fibre material Cotton linters Rag Cotton linters Sulfite pulp Mechanical wood pulp Mechanical wood pulp
Sizing No sizing Surface sizing No sizing Internal sizing Internal sizing Internal sizing
Colour White Chamois White Chamois, yellowed Yellow-brownish, Chamois, yellowed
Writing material Blank Printed (type area, black) Iron gall ink (Neevel ink unbalanced, printed with plotter, migration in paper) Printed (type area, black) Printed (type area, black) Printed (type area, black)