Skip to main content


Table 1 Summary of the six cleaning treatments used in this work

From: Investigating the impact of cleaning treatments on polystyrene using SEM, AFM and ToF–SIMS

Cleaning agent Composition Structure
Ethanol C2H6O
2-Propanol C3H8O
Orvus WA Paste Anionic surfactant contains sodium lauryl sulphate (shown)
Dehypon LS45 Non-ionic surfactant ethoxylated propoxylated fatty alcohol (C12–C14)
Deionised water Resistivity = 18.2 MΩ cm at 25 °C
Microfibre cloth (no agent) 80% polyester, 20% polyamide N/A