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Table 2 Type of colourless powdered glass additive in fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Netherlandish paintings in the National Gallery, London, in chronological order

From: New insights into the materials of fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Netherlandish paintings in the National Gallery, London

Artist Painting (medium and support) Date Type(s) of glass
Jan van Eyck Portrait of Giovanni(?) Arnolfini and his Wife (NG186), oil on oak 1434 Three types: wood ash with some fern ash, wood ash, wood ash–lime
Rogier van der Weyden The Magdalen Reading (NG654), oil on mahogany, transferred from another panel Before 1438 Wood ash
Follower of Robert Campin The Virgin and Child before a Firescreen (NG2609), oil on oak with walnut additions About 1440 Wood ash
Probably by the workshop of Rogier van der Weyden Pietà (NG6265), oil on oak About 1465 Wood ash
Dirk Bouts The Virgin and Child (NG2595), oil on oak About 1465 Wood ash–lime
Workshop of Dirk Bouts The Virgin and Child (NG708), oil on oak About 1465 Wood ash
Dirk Bouts Christ Crowned with Thorns (NG1083), oil on canvas backed onto board, transferred from wood About 1470 Wood ash–lime (high lime/low alkali)
Hieronymus Bosch Christ Mocked (The Crowning with Thorns) (NG4744), oil on oak About 1510 Wood ash–lime (high lime/low alkali)
After Robert Campin The Virgin and Child in an Apse with Two Angels (NG2608), oil on oak About 1500? Wood ash–lime (high lime/low alkali)
Workshop of Goossen van der Weyden The Flight into Egypt (NG1084), oil on oak About 1516 Wood ash–lime (high lime/low alkali)
Albert Cornelis The Magdalen in a Landscape (NG2585), oil on oak About 1520 Two types: wood ash and wood ash–lime (high lime/low alkali)
Probably by Jan Mostaert The Head of Saint John the Baptist, with Mourning Angels (NG1080), oil on oak Probably 1520s Wood ash–lime (high lime/low alkali)
Workshop of Jean Bellegambe The Virgin and Child (NG265), oil on oak About 1520 Wood ash–lime (high lime/low alkali)
Lucas van Leyden A Man aged 38 (NG3604), oil on oak About 1521 Three types: soda ash, wood ash and wood ash–lime (high lime/low alkali)
Workshop of the Master of the Holy Blood A Young Man Praying (NG1063), oil on oak Probably 1525‒30 Wood ash
Martin van Heemskerck The Virgin and Saint John the Evangelist (NG 6508.1), About 1540 Wood ash
Workshop of Marinus van Reymerswaele Two Tax-Gatherers (NG944), oil on oak Probably 1540s Wood ash–lime (high lime/low alkali)
Catharina van Hemessen Portrait of a Woman (NG4732), oil on oak 1551 Two types: wood ash and wood ash–lime (high lime/low alkali)
Joachim Beuckelaer The Four Elements: Air (NG6587), oil on canvas 1570 Wood ash–lime