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Table 2 Summary of the results of FTIR and GC–MS analyses undertaken by the British Museum and the University of Pisa

From: Painting the Palace of Apries I: ancient binding media and coatings of the reliefs from the Palace of Apries, Lower Egypt

Sample ID Description of the paint layer structure FTIR results GC–MS results
ÆIN 1045_1 1. Limestone support 2. Beige ground layer 3. Green paint layer 4. Grey layer (not covering all the surface) 1. Not analyzed 2. Possibly an organic binder 3. Calcium oxalate, possibly an organic binder 4. Calcium oxalate 1. Not analyzed 2. Not analyzed 3/4. Polysaccharide binder
ÆIN 1045_2 1. Limestone support 2. Beige ground layer 3. Green paint layer 4. Translucent layer (not covering all the surface) 1. Not analysed 2. Possibly an organic binder 3. Calcium oxalate, possibly an organic binder 4. Wax 1. Not analysed 2. Not analyzed 3/4. Polysaccharide binder
ÆIN 1048 1. White ground layer 2. Blue paint layer No evidence of organic compounds Not analysed
ÆIN 1057 1. Limestone support 2. White layer 3. Greenish-blue paint layer (blue and green pigment dispersed in white matrix) 4. Light yellow layer 1. No evidence of organic compounds 2. Calcium oxalate 3. Calcium oxalate 4. Slight amounts of oxalate Not analysed
ÆIN 1059 1. White layer 2. Yellow paint 1. No evidence of organic compounds 2. Calcium oxalate, possibly an organic binder 1. Not analyzed 2. Polysaccharide binder
ÆIN 1060 1. White layer 2. Yellow paint layer 3. Whitish surficial layer Not analyzed 1/2. Polysaccharide and proteinaceous binders 3. Beeswax