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Table 1 Harriet Backer’s paint tubes in Uvdal stave church: 57 of 259 were sampled for ICP–OES analyses

From: Unveiling Harriet Backer: ICP–OES study for the characterisation of the colour tubes from her original paint box

Colour Producer No. Paper label Punching on collar & cap top Condition
Violet
 V Schoenfeld 1 …….. Künstler …….. (in orange)
Violet oxide of c..ait (black)
Violette.. Koba……. (bold black)
Oxide violet de cobalt
….. di cobalto …letto
Oxido de cobalto ….leta
…. Schoenfeld…. …… (in orange)
Letters on collar (Dr. Schoenfeld & Co.) plus one crowned lion holding an anchor on cap top Tube end folded once, cap can be opened
 V Schoenfeld 6 …. Künstler ……..
Violet Ultramari…
…letter Ultramar….
Outremer vio…
Oltremare v….
Ultrama.. …
…. …………… ………
Letters Tube end folded several times, no cap
Blue
 B Schoenfeld 1 … Künstler Oelf … (in orange)
Indigo (in black, bold)
… Düsseldorf (in orange)
Letters on collar (Dr. Schoenfeld & Co.) plus one crowned lion holding an anchor on cap top Tube end not folded, tight cap, big holes in tube end
 B Schoenfeld 7 … Künstler Oelfa …
Deep Ultramarine
Dunkler Ultramar..
Outremer foncé
Oltremare scuro
Ultramar oscuro
Letters & lion Tube end folded twice, no cap
 B Schoenfeld 8 … Künstler Oel …
Deep Ultramarine
…kler Ultramar…
Outre …
Oltr..
Ultram …
Letters Tube end folded once, no cap
 B Schoenfeld 13 …Künslrer Oel…
Deep Ultramarine
..nkler Ultramar…
Outremer fonc..
Oltremare scuro
Ultramar oscuro
… Schoenfeld & Co. …
Letters Tube end folded twice, no cap
 B Schoenfeld 16 …. Oelf…
Deep Ultramarine
..kler Ultrama…
Outreemer foncé
Oltremare scuro
Ultramar oscur…
… Schoenfeld & Co. Düss…
Letters Tube end folded twice, no cap
 B Schoenfeld 25 ……. …. (orange text?)
Deep Ultra…
…er Ultramar..
Outremer foncé
Oltremare scuro
Ultramar oscuro
… Schoenfeld & Co. Düss…
Letters Tube end folded once, no cap
 B Schoenfeld 42 ..eineste Künstler Oelfar…
Cobalt Blue light
Kobaltblau 2 hell
Bleu de Cobalt clair
Bleu cobalto chiaro
Azul de cobalto clar..
… Schoenfeld & Co. Dü…….
Letters Tube end not folded, no cap
 B Schoenfeld 43 ….. ………… …………
.obalt Blue light
..baltblau 2 …
Bleu de Cobalt c….
Bleu cobalto chi….
..zul de cobalto cla…
… …..feld & Co. Dü……
Letters Tube end folded twice, no cap
 B Schoenfeld 51 ………….. ……….. (orange)
…….. …… ……….. (orange)
Brilliant Bl…..
…illant b….
Dr. Schoenfeld … …. (orange)
Düsseldorf (orange)
Letters Tube end folded once, no cap
 B Schoenfeld 53 ……. …….. ……. (orange)
..rilliant blue
..rillant bla…..
Bleu brilliant….
… Schoenf… … …. (orange)
Düsseldorf (orange)
Letters Tube end folded twice, no cap
 B Schoenfeld? 55 ………….. ……….. (orange)
…….. …… ……….. (orange)
Brilliant B…
…..ant ….
..brilla… ….
……………. (orange)
…… …… ……. (orange)
No collar, no cap No collar, no cap
 B Schoenfeld 56 …….. ……. …… (orange)
……..t Blue
…ant b…..
………………
……………. (orange)
…… …… ……. (orange)
Letters & lion Cap fell off during handling, end of tube is missing
 B Schoenfeld 57 No label Letters Tube end folded several times, no cap
 B Schoenfeld 64 No label ? & lion Tube end folded twice, blue paint in one hole
Green
 G Schoenfeld 1 Feinste Künstler Oelf…… (orange)
Terre Verte (black)
Grüne Erde
Terre verte naturelle
Terra verde
Thierra verde
…. Schoenfeld & C.. (0range)
Düsseldorf (orange)
Letters Tube end folded once, no cap
 G Schoenfeld 2 ……. ……….. …….. (orange)
Terre Verte (black)
Grüne Erde
Terre verd… naturelle
…… erde
…… erde
…. Schoenfeld ….. Düsseldorf
Letters & lion Tube end folded several times, cap can be opened
 G Schoenfeld 6 …….. Künstler ……
Terre Verte
Grüne E….
Terre verte naturel..
Terra verde
Thierra verde
…. ….enfeld & Co. ……….
Letters & lion Tube end folded twice, cap can be opened
 G Schoenfeld 7 ……….. ………. (orange)
..erre ver….
..rüne E…..
Terre verte na…….
Terra verde
Thierra ver….
…… ……. & Co………
Letters & lion Tube end folded several times, cap can be opened
 G Schoenfeld 9 ……….. ………. (orange)
…. Künstl.. …… (orange)
Viridian
Chromoxydgrün
Vert.. emera……..
Verde smeral……
Verde esmer…..
… Schoenfeld & Co. ……….
Letters & lion Tube end folded twice, cap can be opened
 G Schoenfeld 10 ……….. ………. (orange)
…… Künstler Oel…..
Viridian
…rf emera….
….erde sme…….
….erde esma……
….. Schoenfeld ……
Düsseldorf
Letters & lion Tube end folded once, cap can be opened
 G Schoenfeld 12 ……….. ………. (orange)
…. ……. …… (orange)
Viridian
…moxydgrün ….
……. ……
…..verd.. esmera…..
…….. ………. ……. (orange)
Letters & lion Tube end folded twice, cap can be opened
 G Schoenfeld 15 No label – green paint around collar tip Letters & lion Tube end folded once, cap can be opened
Yellow
 Y Schoenfeld 8 …. ….. … (orange)
….. ….. ….. (orange)
….iante Yellow deep (black)
…. …. dun…..
..me brillan…. ….
…. Brillante scuro
….. brillante os…..
…… ……….. ………. (orange)
Letters Tube end folded twice, no cap
 Y Schoenfeld 9 …….. …….. ……. (orange)
….. Künstler Oelfarben (orange)
Brilliant Yellow light (black)
Hell Brilliant…..
….e brilliant…..
…… ……. ……
….. …… …..
… Schoenf……. …. ………..
Letters Tube end folded twice, no cap
 Y C. Schmidt 27 ..ar… Fabrik (black)
……mgelb hell
Ja…. Chrôme
….t, Düssel….. (black)
No letters on collar, no punching on cap top Tube end not folded, cap can be opened
 Y Schoenfeld 28 Yellow label with no text Letters & lion Tube end folded several times, cap can be opened
 Y Schoenfeld 30 Label lost and yellow paint all over the Tube end Letters Tube end folded once, no cap
 Y Schoenfeld 44 No label Schoenfeld across lower end of tube Tube end slightly folded, no cap, yellow paint on top of tube end
 Y C. Schmidt 46 Farben Fabrik
Lichter Ocker
Ochre claire
C. Schmidt, Düsseldorf
No punching Tube end folded twice, cap can be opened
Yellowish Red
 Y-R Schoenfeld 3 .o……..
…….. Künstler Oelfar….
Naples Yellow reddish
Rötlich Neapelgelb
Jaune de Naples roug.átre
Giallo di Napoli ross…..
Amanillo de Napoles ……
Dr… Schoenfeld & Co. Düsseldorf
Letters Tube end slightly folded, no cap
 Y-R Schoenfeld 6 ………….
…….. ………. Oel………
…….. ………ow redid……
………… ……….. ………
…… …….les roug………
….…. Napoli rossa……..
……. De Nap..les rou…….
…. …….d & Co. Dü………….
Letters Tube end folded twice, no cap
 Y-R Schoenfeld 10 ……….. …………
…… …….. Oelf……
Na…. Yellow red
Röt… Neapel…..
…. Naples ro……
…..Napoli ross……
….. de Napoles ……
……. & Co. ………..
Letters Tube end folded twice, no cap
 Y-R Schoenfeld 11 …………. …….. ……. (orange)
…………. …….. ……. (orange)
Naples Yellow reddish
Rötclich Neaplegelb
Jeune de Naples rou…….
…….. di Napoli rossastro
Amanillo de Napoles rofizo
…. Schoenfeld & Co. ……
Letters Tube end folded twice, no cap
Red
 R Schoenfeld 3 Feinste Künstler Oelfarben
Pink Madder
Krapplack 4 hel..l
Laque de garance rose …..
Lacca di garance chiaro rosa
Laca de garanza rosa dora
…. Schoenfeld & Co. D……..
Letters & lion Tube end slightly folded, cap can be opened
 R Schoenfeld 5 ….. Künstler Oe……
Pink Madder
Krapplack 4 heller
Laque de garance rose …ore
Lacca.. garance chiara ros..dorata
Laca de garanze rosa …rada
….. Schoenfeld & Co. Düss…….
Letters Tube end not folded, no cap
 R Schoenfeld 9 …… Künstler Oelfa…
Pink Madder
Krapplack 4 hell…
Laque de garance rose …
………… ……… chiara rose orate
……. ……. ……. …..
… ………….. …. … ………..dorf
Letters & lion Tube end folded twice, cap can be opened
 R Schoenfeld 14 …… …… …… (orange
Pink Madder
Krapplack 4 heller
Laque de garance rose ….ré
Lacca di garance chiaro rose dorata
Laca de garanza rosa dorada
Dr… Schoenfeld & Co. Düsseldorf
Letters & lion Tube end slightly folded, cap can be opened
 R Schoenfeld 15 ……. Künstler ……….
Pink Madder
Krapplack 4 hell..
Laque de garance rose d….
Lacca.. garanco chiaro rosa
Laca.. garanza rosa …..
…. Schoenfeld & Co. Düsseldorf
Letters Tube end slightly folded, no cap
 R Schoenfeld 16 ….. …… …….. (orange)
Pink Madder
Krapplack 4 hel…
Laque de garance rose …..
Lacca di garance chiaro rosa
Laca de garanza rosa
.. … …..enfeld & Co. D……dorf
Letters & lion Tube end slightly folded, cap can be opened
 R Schoenfeld 17 ….. …… …….. (orange)
Pink Madder
Krapplack 4 hel….
Laque de garance rose dorata
Lacca di garance chiaro rosa
Laca de garanze rosa
Dr… Schoenfeld …. ……….
Letters & lion Tube end slightly folded, cap can be opened
 R Schoenfeld 25 …. ………. ………. (orange)
……… …….. …….. (black)
…rmin ……..
..carmi… …..
..carmillata ……
..aca carmina …….
…. Schoen…. & …….. (orange)
Letters & lion Tube end slightly folded, cap can be opened
 R Schoenfeld 29 …. ………. ………. (orange)
….nesi Crimson
Karmin Lack …..
…. Carmine sur…….
….. carminala sopra…..
Laca carminada …….
…. Schoenfeld & Co. Dü……..
Letters & lion Tube end slightly folded, cap can be opened
 R Schoenfeld 30 ……… Künstler ………
….. crimson ……..
…armin…. ……
…. Carmine sur…..
…. Carminara so………
Laca carmina …….
…. Schoenfeld &.. ……..
Letters & lion Tube end slightly folded, cap can be opened
 R Schoenfeld 43 Small fragment of red inner label Letter & lion Tube end folded several times, cap can be opened, red paint on collar
 R Schoenfeld 45 ….. ……… Oe………
Finest crimson lake
Karminlack
Laque carminée surfine
Lacca carminata sopraffina
Laca carminada
Dr.. Schoenfeld & Co. Düsseldorf
Letters & lion Tube end slightly folded, cap can be opened
 R Schoenfeld 46 ………. ……….. ……..
Chinese Vermilion
Chinesischer Zinnober
Vermillion de Chine
Vermiglione di China
..ermellon chino
.. Schoenfeld & Co. Düss………
Letters & lion Tube end slightly folded, cap can be opened
Brown
 Bro Schoenfeld 7 …… ……… ………
…… Green Ea…
…br. grüne …….
Terre verte bru…..
Terra verde ……
..ierra verd.. …..
………… ………………….
Letters & lion Tube end folded several times, cap can be opened
 Bro Schoenfeld 9 …………. ………… ….
……… Umber
……. ………. ……..
…………………..
Letters Tube end folded several times, no cap, brown paint in opening
 Bro Schoenfeld 10 No label Letters Tube end folded several times, no cap, brown paint in opening
 Bro Schoenfeld 11 No label Letters Tube end folded several times, no cap, brown paint in opening
 Bro Schoenfeld 12 Only a tiny fragment of a brownish inner label Letters Tube end folded several times, no cap, brown paint in opening
 Bro Schoenfeld 13 No label Letters & lion Tube end not folded, cap can be opened, brown paint on collar
White
 W Blockx 6 ….. D’a….. …
….kx, Fils, Vieux-Dieu (B……
No letters on collar. Tube end folded several times, no cap
 W Blockx 13 ….. D’argent Moyen
J. Blockx Fils, Vieux-Dieu
No letters on collar Tube end folded several times, no cap
 W Blockx 27 … ARGENT …
(the rest of the label is covered by paper or similar (the latter may hide the rest of the label))
This is the largest tube in Harriet Backer’s box
No letters on collar & B on cap top Tube end folded several times, tight cap
(white paint on top and at the bottom)
  1. This list reports the transcript of the paper labels and the punching on collars and on the top of the caps. The number indicates the number of the catalogue and the long ellipses the absence of any recognisable text
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