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Table 1 Colourants used for the production of woodblock prints in the late Edo Period in Japan

From: Developing a systematic approach to determine the sequence of impressions of Japanese woodblock prints: the case of Hokusai’s ‘Red Fuji’

Colour Colourants
Blue Ai (indigo), bero-ai (Prussian blue), aobana (dayflower)
Yellow Kihada (Armur cork tree), sekiō (orpiment), ōdo (earth pigment), tōō (gamboge), ukon (turmeric), zumi (briar or crabapple)
Red Bengara (earth pigment), beni (safflower), shōenji (lac), shu (vermillion), suō (sappanwood), tan (red lead)
Black Sumi (plant soot)
White Enpaku (white lead), gofun (shell white)
  1. Other colours (e.g. green and purple) were obtained by mixing. When there are several alternative names for a colourant, the Japanese name given here is the one listed in [31]