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Table 2 Concentrations in µg g−1 and relative standard deviations (RSD in % = 1 σ/concentration * 100) for femoral cortical bone from modern (D35) and archaeological (Svendborg, A85 and AG134; Ribe K1147, K1029, and K1256) individuals

From: Mapping diagenesis in archaeological human bones

  D35 AG134 A85 K1147 K1029 K1256 Ribe soil
KLR-10977 KLR-10236 KLR-8348 KLR-10516 KLR-10831 KLR-10810
CONC RSD CONC RSD CONC RSD CONC RSD CONC RSD CONC RSD CONC
Ca, wt% 25.9 1.87 23.5 1.94 24.5 0.91 25.0 2.02 27.2 1.59 29.5 1.67 4.34
Zn, µg g−1 101.0 2.70 103.9 1.10 109.8 3.51 384.7 2.65 537.0 4.39 116.8 2.92 81.9
Na, µg g−1 7931 1.02 4297 3.30 4051 1.27 3643 4.56 4007 2.29 4176 3.83 621
Mg, µg g−1 3077 2.33 1224 3.20 920 2.35 832 3.23 986 3.26 1069 2.86 618
Sr, µg g−1 128 0.60 395 1.09 206 0.37 207 0.45 265 0.28 406 0.48 109
Ba, µg g−1 5.04 0.46 408 1.12 188 0.28 14.2 0.92 20.4 0.66 9.55 0.90 104
Cu, µg g−1 < 2.56   < 2.56   14.6 8.05 12.1 8.39 23.0 4.79 11.3 10.9 141
Pb, µg g−1 2.87 0.65 24.9 0.95 6.21 1.26 184 0.64 41.7 0.29 7.96 0.61 190
Fe, µg g−1 9.62 6.66 7959 1.42 14156 2.60 463 5.53 415 11.3 35.3 25.8 6300
Mn, µg g−1 4.92 0.33 2686 0.94 1557 0.71 178 0.15 1144 0.60 6.23 0.19 400
  1. Two samples have Cu concentrations below LOQ, as established through more than 6 months of measurements using in-house medieval and NIST SRM-1486 bone standards. The last column provides average concentrations for 78 soil samples from the Ribe cemetery treated identically to the bone samples