Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Element concentrations estimates (µg g−1) for modern individuals: central tendency (CT)

From: Mapping diagenesis in archaeological human bones

Country Sex N Bone Sample Pb Pb Cu Cu Sr Sr Ba Ba Fe Fe Mn Mn Refs.
CT Range CT Range CT Range CT Range CT Range CT Range
Denmark F 1 Femur Cort 2.87c   < 2.56c   128c   5.04c   9.62c   4.92c   0
NR NR NR Skeleton Both 11a   0.72a   32a   2a   81a   0.52a   [77]
Czech Rep F 16 Parietal OT&D 4.705b 0.43–16.4 0.655b 0.23–2.170 69.3b 23.4–116 4.805b 2.18–12.1    0.215b 0.02–0.58 [78]
Czech Rep M 54 Parietal OT&D 4.255b 0.55–17.5 1.41b 0.15–5.80 61.1b 29.0–117 3.955b 1.70–12.3    0.110b 0.01–0.54 [78]
Poland, SW F 66 Femur Cort          96a, 58b 12–396 0.22a, 3.89b 0.13–21.55 [79]
Poland, SW F 66 Femur Canc          163a, 77b 18–1813 0.84a, 0.82b 0.03–2.44 [79]
Poland, SW M 25 Femur Cort          148a, 138b 12–528 0.13a, 0.07b 0.03–0.40 [79]
Poland, SW M 25 Femur Canc          165a, 142b 25–547 0.72a, 0.65b 0.03–2.30 [79]
Poland, SW F 9 Femur Canc 1.62a   0.58a       41.88a     [80]
Poland, SW M 4 Femur Canc 2.48a   0.80a       67.04a     [80]
Poland, Lodz F 10 Femur Canc 1.19a   0.57a       64.78a     [80]
Poland, Lodz M 2 Femur Canc 2.15a   0.86a       164.04a     [80]
Poland, Cracow F 10 Femur Canc 2.43a   0.59a       53.87a     [80]
Poland, Cracow M 3 Femur Canc 4.80a   0.55a       27.94a     [80]
Poland, SW F 26 Femur Cort 2.55a, 2.18b 0.86–7.45            [81]
Poland, SW F 32 Femur Canc 2.02a, 1.80b 0.71–4.78            [81]
Poland, SW M 10 Femur Cort 4.35a, 2.54b 0.95–11.89            [81]
Poland, SW M 11 Femur Canc 4.12a, 3.04b 1.30–12.76            [81]
Poland, SW M&F 35 Sternum Both 57.55a 2.90–204.53 0.59a 0.18–5.17          [82]
Poland, W Pom M&F 37 Femur Canc      42.7a, 28.8b 0.26–102.0    43.9a, 49.8b 0.64–133.8 0.17a, 0.21b 0.02–0.8 [83]
Poland, W Pom M&F 37 Femur Canc 0.5a, 0.5b 0.287–0.789 0.67a, 0.58b 0.18–1.89          [84]
Russia F 38 Rib Both 2.10a, 1.87b 0.67–5.70 1.00a, 0.84b 0.48–3.65 334a, 294b 36–1163 2.86a, 2.34b 1.13–7.70    ≤ 0.43a < 0.1–2.743 [85]
Russia M 42 Rib Both 2.36a, 2.08b 1.00–6.70 1.10a, 1.05b 0.40–2.91 252a, 245b 58–701 2.24a, 2.02b 0.57–5.22    0.273a, 0.20b 0.05–1.60 [85]
Russia M&F 84 Ilium Both      309a, 307b 43–730 < 100a   177a, 153b 13.5–477 0.316a, 0.296b 0.135–0.894 [86]
Spain F 21 Rib NR 2.16a   1.36a         0.15a   [87]
Spain M 57 Rib NR 2.56a   1.59a         0.18a   [87]
Spain, 1998 NR NR Rib NR 3.99a           0.06a   [88]
Spain, 2003 M&F 22 Rib NR 2.11a           <0.03a   [88]
Sweden, Smelter M 32 Sternum NR 74a             [89]
Sweden, Smelter M 32 Femur NR 56a             [89]
Sweden, Smelter M 32 Hand Pha NR 106a             [89]
Sweden, Smelter M 32 Lumbar V NR 85a             [89]
Sweden, Smelter M 32 Ilium NR 83a             [89]
Sweden, Smelter M 32 Rib NR 70a             [89]
Sweden, Smelter M 32 Temporal NR 59a             [89]
Sweden M 10 Sternum NR 6a             [89]
Sweden M 10 Femur NR 13a             [89]
Sweden M 10 Hand Pha NR 14a             [89]
Sweden M 10 Lumbar V NR 10a             [89]
Sweden M 10 Ilium NR 7a             [89]
Sweden M 10 Rib NR 8a             [89]
Sweden M 10 Temporal NR 15a             [89]
Canary Islands M 25 NR NR 18.57a 2.2–60.0            [90]
China F 1 Femur Cort 4.06c   1.57c   83.1c     72.4c   1.65c   [91]
China F 1 Femur Canc 2.41c   0.87c   177c     77.2c   0.56c   [91]
China M 1 Femur Cort 3.07c   3.1c   259c     77.2c   1.13c   [91]
China M 1 Femur Canc 2.87c   1.38c   229c     29.6c   1.17c   [91]
Japan M&F 45 Rib Both 6.85a, 5.55b   0.19a, < 0.3b   80.5a, 78.5b     71a, 50.0b   < 0.03a, < 0.3b   [92]
Taiwan M&F 70 Skeleton Cort 7.1a   3.6a       20.3a   0.7a   [93]
  1. Czech Rep, Czech Republic; W Pom, West Pomerania; Sweden, Smelter, Sweden, Smelter Workers; NR, not reported; M, male; F, female; M&F, male and female; Cort, cortical bone; Canc, cancellous bone; Both, both cortical and cancellous bone; OT&D, outer table and diploë; Skeleton, skeleton, bones not reported; Hand Pha, hand phalanx; Lumbar V, lumbar vertebra
  2. aMean
  3. bMedian
  4. cSingle values; and ranges