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Table 3 Chemical composition data determined by PIXE for ceramic body expressed in mass% for major and minor elements and ppm for traces (“0” means below the detection limits)

From: Archaeometric characterization of Byzantine pottery from Păcuiul lui Soare

  MgO (mass%) Al2O3 (mass%) SiO2 (mass%) P2O5 (mass%) SO3 (ppm) Cl (ppm) K2O (mass%) CaO (mass%) TiO2 (mass%) Cr2O (ppm) MnO (ppm)
P1 2.7 18.4 66.3 0 0 0 2.5 2.5 0.9 0 919
P2 2.0 18.3 67.9 0.4 0 0 3.1 1.3 1.0 216 910
P3 2.7 17.1 63.7 0.9 922 0 2.9 5.7 0.9 224 1277
P4 2.0 16.8 70.9 0.4 0 0 2.4 1.4 0.9 165 864
P5 2.4 17.5 69.4 0.0 0 0 2.9 1.3 1.0 454 912
P6 2.2 17.3 67.5 0.5 1556 0 2.8 2.6 1.0 168 640
P7 2.6 18.2 65.4 0.4 0 0 3.1 3.3 0.9 158 980
P8 3.6 19.8 58.0 0.4 521 189 3.4 6.3 1.0 274 1335
P9 2.6 17.1 63.3 0.6 0 0 2.9 6.8 1.0 160 941
P10 1.9 16.2 63.7 0.7 2506 571 2.8 8.7 0.9 215 725
P11 3.2 17.6 60.8 1.0 837 1276 3.1 6.9 1.1 160 1074
P12 4.9 18.1 57.2 0.4 0 0 3.2 7.9 1.0 463 1026
P13 4.3 18.2 58.1 0.5 0 283 3.7 7.0 1.0 399 1158
P14 1.1 23.2 69.8 0.5 0 395 1.3 0.8 1.1 124 337
P15 0.9 25.0 68.3 0.1 0 0 2.2 0.5 1.0 118 122
P16 1.2 23.5 69.6 0.4 0 505 1.3 0.7 1.1 85 351
P17 1.2 22.5 71.2 0.1 0 176 1.4 0.6 1.1 93 180
P18 1.3 26.0 62.0 0.2 0 179 1.6 1.7 1.3 204 141
P19 1.1 26.6 65.7 0.5 697 702 1.4 1.2 1.1 153 84
P20 0.9 28.6 59.2 0.6 885 226 1.3 0.8 1.3 217 326
P21 1.2 22.9 63.0 0.5 0 746 1.7 1.0 1.7 266 225
P22 1.0 24.0 67.3 0.3 0 217 1.3 1.1 1.2 146 327
P23 1.1 24.6 67.3 0.6 867 927 1.2 1.3 1.2 118 206
P24 1.3 22.7 69.4 0.2 0 0 1.4 0.6 1.4 149 252
P25 1.1 28.6 55.7 0.4 727 270 1.3 1.1 1.3 225 627
P26 1.0 26.7 61.9 0.9 684 0 1.7 1.2 1.3 163 318
P27 1.3 21.3 68.5 0.1 0 106 1.8 0.5 1.2 122 120
P28 1.3 26.2 64.2 0.3 0 0 1.3 0.6 1.3 184 304
P29 1.1 27.4 60.3 0.5 1088 308 1.0 1.2 1.3 241 180
P30 1.1 24.5 65.1 0.6 0 202 1.3 1.6 1.2 176 255
P31 1.9 17.3 63.4 2.5 0 320 3.0 2.3 1.1 166 3742
P32 2.9 17.9 64.2 0.5 935 244 3.2 3.3 0.9 311 637
P33 2.7 15.0 70.2 0.5 0 179 2.5 2.8 0.8 183 1057
P34 3.1 17.2 61.9 0.3 784 266 4.6 3.7 0.6 224 339
P35 3.2 17.4 63.8 0.2 593 209 4.5 0.8 0.7 208 524
P36 2.2 16.8 60.6 0.7 2739 610 5.8 5.5 0.9 237 1145
P37 2.5 17.1 63.8 1.3 0 0 2.9 4.6 0.9 229 1353
P38 1.6 24.7 65.0 0.7 1196 292 1.1 1.2 1.0 201 0
P39 2.5 16.9 63.8 1.0 0 248 3.1 4.9 1.0 208 1125
P40 6.2 19.7 58.7 1.0 1291 444 2.7 4.2 0.8 239 1702
P41 2.9 18.6 59.7 0.9 0 0 3.1 3.9 1.0 152 888
P42 3.8 18.8 62.7 0.6 0 381 2.7 3.9 0.8 291 415
P43 5.3 17.1 59.5 0.6 1206 835 3.9 3.2 0.6 246 0
P44 3.7 19.3 61.9 0.5 1481 2754 3.5 1.5 1.0 234 993
P45 1.9 17.3 65.4 0.6 810 234 3.3 1.7 1.1 232 1342
  Fe2O3 (mass%) NiO (ppm) CuO (ppm) ZnO (ppm) Ga2O3 (ppm) Rb2O (ppm) SrO (ppm) Y2O3 (ppm) ZrO2 (ppm) PbO (ppm)
P1 5.6 91 0 109 0 0 164 0 0 2645
P2 5.7 59 25 106 27 147 110 0 314 249
P3 5.5 89 49 164 32 103 173 0 400 1628
P4 4.8 59 0 93 0 90 109 57 307 1102
P5 5.2 59 33 112 24 124 125 0 243 55
P6 5.2 78 43 100 0 113 156 0 180 3918
P7 5.7 61 46 132 23 144 148 0 456 484
P8 7.1 152 47 220 23 160 179 39 171 107
P9 5.3 67 29 136 21 124 209 0 300 0
P10 4.5 67 38 106 17 84 341 58 276 0
P11 5.9 110 34 179 26 153 268 0 195 86
P12 7.1 254 58 146 31 121 214 0 141 54
P13 7.0 216 64 144 28 135 180 0 168 31
P14 1.9 18 13 53 26 57 57 0 269 27
P15 2.0 20 0 39 31 73 51 36 276 27
P16 1.9 12 13 47 26 69 86 29 271 21
P17 1.8 19 14 35 32 62 47 37 279 43
P18 5.7 26 0 57 33 84 111 0 317 33
P19 2.3 21 16 36 29 40 69 50 469 40
P20 7.1 35 23 73 45 37 154 0 313 51
P21 7.8 39 36 115 53 105 118 0 576 0
P22 3.4 23 21 65 49 80 97 34 584 50
P23 2.3 28 0 58 32 61 101 25 357 35
P24 2.8 36 29 65 47 100 106 62 470 36
P25 10.3 41 26 119 54 55 193 36 420 38
P26 5.1 42 28 96 40 68 157 36 354 54
P27 5.1 33 31 77 45 124 69 58 383 40
P28 4.5 0 17 75 45 82 196 0 452 51
P29 7.0 37 26 80 42 59 166 28 437 30
P30 4.4 37 26 60 34 65 172 27 455 42
P31 8.0 110 60 209 30 121 312 53 260 58
P32 6.7 100 52 166 28 174 244 53 330 90
P33 5.3 57 39 142 23 124 202 36 342 36
P34 8.4 74 35 172 33 199 144 0 102 50
P35 9.1 89 47 192 32 238 139 0 94 55
P36 6.9 87 82 250 29 237 229 45 492 59
P37 6.5 84 64 182 24 154 363 35 354 106
P38 4.5 0 72 61 55 63 100 56 401 49
P39 6.4 88 54 168 29 138 304 46 454 63
P40 6.3 58 86 200 46 177 203 29 217 96
P41 9.5 166 75 251 31 232 356 0 257 101
P42 6.2 78 92 200 57 178 200 45 350 104
P43 9.2 58 71 201 59 287 191 0 121 0
P44 7.8 42 91 201 40 189 201 53 1713 180
P45 8.3 107 57 488 37 200 195 85 544 160
  1. Results were normalized to 100%; “0” values in the table means below the detection limits—see Table 2