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Table 4 VOCs detected in chamber air from the four paper samples at 23 °C and 50% RH

From: Quantification of formic acid and acetic acid emissions from heritage collections under indoor room conditions. Part I: laboratory and field measurements

Sample no.1234References
C13 (Tridecane)   0.1[7, 36, 39]
C14 (Tetradecane)   0.3[6, 39]
C15 (Pentadecane)   0.3[7, 36, 39]
C16 (Hexadecane)   0.4[7, 36, 39]
C17 (Heptadecane)   0.7[39]
C18 (Octadecane)   0.2[7, 36, 39]
Benzaldehyde0.20.20.20.3[1, 6, 7, 36, 40]
Pentanal   0.7[6, 37, 41]
n-Hexanal   3.0[6, 37,38,39,40,41]
n-Heptanal   0.3[6, 7, 36, 39, 40]
Octanal0.2  0.3[36]
n-Nonanal0.30.30.30.5[1, 6, 7, 36, 39, 40]
n-Decanal0.20.20.0.2[1, 6, 7, 36]
Furfural 0.10.1 [1, 3, 6, 7, 41, 42]
2-ethyl-1-hexanol0.30.20.20.2[1, 6, 7, 36, 38, 39]
n-propanol   0.1 
1,2-Propanediol2.0    
n-Butanol0.2   [6, 39]
n-Pentanol   0.5 
Toluene0.10.10.10.1[1, 6, 7, 36, 37, 39,40,41]
Phenol 0.1  [6, 7, 36, 39]
Formic acid5.53.12.11.4[5, 41, 43]
Acetic acid11.96.78.031.7[1, 3, 5,6,7, 28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43]
Propanoic acid0.4  0.7[3, 6, 40]
Butanoic acid0.2  1.6[3, 6, 7, 36]
Pentanoic acid0.3   [3, 6, 7, 35, 36]
Hexanoic acid0.80.20.30.8[3, 6, 7, 35, 36]
Acetone 0.30.30.3[3, 6, 7, 35,36,37]
2,6-Diisopropylnaphthalene 0.1   
2,6-Di(tert-butyl)-1,4-benzoquinone   0.2 
Benzothiazole0.20.10.2  
N,N-Dibutylformamide  0.10.1 
Vanillin 0.2  [3, 5,6,7, 35, 36]
Hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane  0.1  
  1. The emphasis indicates the presence of the specific compound (italic indicates trace concentrations and bold italic concentrations above 10 µg m−3). The area-specific emission rate (µg m−2 h−1) for each compound has additionally been added. In addition, the right column contains references to other studies detecting the same VOC off-gassing from paper