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Table 2 Characterization of breaking force of cotton canvas (AA) before and after treatment with polar and nonpolar consolidation agents and accelerated ageing

From: New treatments for canvas consolidation and conservation

Treatment of cotton canvas (AA)Mass uptake (%)Breaking force (N) after treatmentBreaking force (N) after treatment and accelerated ageing 
Untreated46.430.7
Polar nanocomposite564.349.2
Polar nanocomposite1054.5
Nonpolar nanocomposite563.355.5
Nonpolar nanocomposite1069.2