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Table 1 Characteristics of the modes of the primary partials within a well-tuned European bell [33]

From: In situ acoustic analysis of two twentieth-century heritage carillons

Name Number of nodal meridians Number and position of nodal circles
Hum 4 0
Fundamental 4 1 (between the rim and the waist)
Tierce 6 1 (in waist)
Quint 6 1 (near rim)
Nominal 8 1 (in waist)