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Table 4 Summary of canvas characteristic of Shanghai phase paintings

From: Technical examination of Liu Kang’s Paris and Shanghai painting supports (1929–1937)

Title and inventory numbera Date Primary cusping Weave Average thread count/cm Direction of warp Twist Fibre Type of canvas
Red and white walls 1933 Yes Plain V 15 × H 19 Horizontal Z Cotton 1
Courtyard with tree 1933 Yes Plain V 15 × H 20 Horizontal Z Cotton 1
Countryside landscape 1933 Yes Plain V 19 × H 16 Vertical Z Cotton 1
Autumn Countryside 1933 Yes Plain V 20 × H 17 Vertical Z Cotton 1
Farmhouse and field 1933 No Plain V 15 × H 19 Horizontal Z Cotton 1
Pagoda near Shanghai 1933 No Plain V 19 × H 15 Vertical Z Cotton 1
Courtyard, Shanghai 1933 No Plain V 19 × H 15 Vertical Z Cotton 1
Still life with green stool 1933 No Plain V 20 × H 18 Vertical Z Linen Paris 2
Working at the fields,
Acc. no. 2003–03258
1933   Plain V 19 × H 17 Vertical Z Cotton 1
Countryside in China,
Acc. No. 2003–03299
1933   Plain V 17 × H 19 Horizontal Z Cotton 1
Countryside near Shanghai 1934 Yes Plain V 18 × H 16 Vertical Z Cotton 1
Village lane 1934 Yes Plain V 19 × H 16 Vertical Z Cotton 1
Farmhouses 1934 No Plain V 19 × H 15 Vertical Z Cotton 1
Rustic landscape 1934 No Plain V 15 × H 19 Horizontal Z Cotton 1
Backyard,
Acc. no. 2003–03252
1934 No Plain V 19 × H 21 Horizontal Z Linen Paris 2
Pagoda 1935 Yes Plain V 18 × H 16 Vertical Z Cotton 1
Seascape near Shanghai 1935 Yes Plain V 15 × H 18 Horizontal Z Cotton 1
House on the hill 1936 Yes Plain V 10 × H 11 Horizontal S Linen 2
Street market I 1936 No Plain V 10 × H 10 Horizontal S Linen 2
Street market II 1936 No Plain V 19 × H 15 Vertical Z Cotton 1
Seaside near Shanghai 1936 Yes Plain V 10 × H 10   S Linen 2
Seascape 1936 Yes Plain V 17 × H 19 Horizontal Z Cotton 1
Nude,
Acc. no. 2003–03367
1936 Yes Plain V 18 × H 17 Vertical Z Cotton 1
Waterfall,
Acc. no. 2003–03247
1936 Yes Plain V 10 × H 10   S Linen 2
Mount Huangshan,
Acc. No. 2003–03369
1936   Plain V 19 × H 16 Vertical Z Cotton 1
Seaside,
Acc. No. 2003–03318
1936   Plain V 11 × H 10 Vertical S Linen 2
  1. aAccession numbers indicate paintings from the NGS collection. Titles without the accession numbers are from Liu family collection