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Table 5 Spanning solutions for apertures in traditional architecture in Malta [2, 40, 42]

From: Architectural ruins: geoculture of the anatomy of buildings as illustrated by Casa Ippolito, Malta

Span (s)

Spanning solutions

s ≤ 0.9 m

Masonry lintel

0.9 m < s ≤ 1.1 m

Relieving arch

Notching of dimension stone exactly above lintel

Depth of lintel increased to 1.5 times the depth of a masonry lintel for a 0.9 m span

s > 1.1 m

Masonry arch