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Table 1 Description of textiles and synthesis of colorimetry, FT-IR, FORS and Raman analysis including archaeological context information for each textile studied

From: Colors and dyes of archaeological textiles from Tarapacá in the Atacama Desert (South Central Andes)

Details of textiles analysed Site and period Description Color FT-IR FORS Raman
Sample 1: M1- A05842
Tarapacá-40
Context: SM’- T22
Formative period
(Fig. 2a)
Blanket Red orange
Munsell
10R 5/10
L* a* b*
31.8 22.9 22
Proteinaceous fiber Anthraquinone
insect
No Result
Sample 2: M2- A04024
Tarapacá-40
Context: SM-T22
Formative
Period
(Fig. 2b)
Headdress Red orange
Munsell
10YR 5/8
L* a* b*
35 31.6 23.3
Proteinaceous fiber Anthraquinone insect No Result
Sample 3: M4- A05823
Tarapacá-40
Context: SM’-T52
Formative period
(Fig. 2c)
Headdress Red orange
Munsell
10R 5/12
L* a* b*
31.5 27.5 23
Proteinaceous fiber Anthraquinone, posible cochineal Anthraquinone
Sample 4: M5- A05909
Tarapacá-40
Context: SM’-T75
Formative period
(Fig. 2d)
Bracelet Brown
Munsell
7.5R 4/8
L* a* b*
21.3 24 11.1
Proteinaceous fiber Anthraquinone, posible cochineal Carminic acid
Sample 5: M19- A05859
Tarapacá-40
Context: SL-T8(δ)
Formative period
(Fig. 2e)
Blanket Red
Munsell
7.5R/4.8
L* a* b*
22.2 20.4 11.8
Proteinaceous fiber Posible alizarin Anthraquinone
Sample 6: M6- A05769
Pica-8
Context: Sector A, Tumb 15
Late Intermediate period
(Fig. 2f)
Tunic Green
Munsell
5GY 5/2
L* a* b*
39.4 − 0.1 10.8
Proteinaceous fiber Indigoide
Sample 7: M8- A05765
Pica-8
Context unknown
Late Intermediate period
(Fig. 2g)
Tunic Blue
Munsell
2.5B 4/2
L* a* b*
Not mesured
Proteinaceous fiber Indigoide
Sample 8: M9- 05,765
Pica-8
Context unknown
Late Intermediate period
(Fig. 2g)
Tunic Green
Munsell
10Y 4/4
L* a* b*
31.3 2.7 16.4
Proteinaceous fiber Indigoide
Sample 9: M10- A05765
Pica-8
Context unknown
Late Intermediate period
(Fig. 2g)
Tunic Green
Munsell
5GY 2.5/1
L* a* b*
33.4 6.9 14.7
Proteinaceous fiber Indigoide
Sample 10: M11- A05751
Pica-8
Context unknown
Late Intermediate period
(Fig. 2h)
Loincloth Red Orange
unsell
2.5 YR 4/8
L* a* b*
33.7 21.2 18.9
Proteinaceous fiber Carminic acid
Sample 11: M12- A05751
Pica-8
Context unknown
Late Intermediate period
(Fig. 2h)
Loincloth Green
Munsell
7.7GY 3/2
L* a* b*
30.6 3.2 9.6
Proteinaceous fiber Indigo
Sample 12: M13- A05751
Pica-8
Context unknown
Late Intermediate period
Figure 2h)
Loincloth Green
Munsell
2,5GY 6/2
L* a* b*
45.0 1.0 19.1
Proteinaceous fiber Indigoide Indigoide
Sample 13: M14- A05749
Pica-8
Context: Sector D, Tumb 1
Late Intermediate period
(Fig. 2i)
Tunic Red
Munsell
10R 4/6
L* a* b*
24.5 24.4 11.1
Proteinaceous fiber Alizarin Alizarin
Sample 14: M17- A03844
Pica-8
Context: SF, T1
Late Intermediate period}
(Fig. 2j)
Tunic Red
Munsell
10R 4/6
L* a* b*
23.3 16.1 11.0
Proteinaceous fiber Carminic acid
Sample 15: M18- A03844
Pica-8
Context: SF, T1
Late Intermediate period
(Fig. 2j)
Tunic Blue
Munsell
7.5GY 3/2
L* a* b*
18.9 -1.3 2.2
Proteinaceous fiber Indigo
ample 16: M22- A05743
Pica-8
Context: SI, T2
Late Intermediate period
(Fig. 2k)
Tunic Brown
Munsell:
5YR 3/2
L* a* b*
24.4 4.1 6.2
Proteinaceous fiber No Result
Sample 17: M23- A05743
Pica-8
Context: SI, T2
Late Intermediate
Period
(Fig. 2k)
Tunic Green
Munsell
2.5GY 3/2
L* a* b*
22.2 0.7 4.2
Proteinaceous fiber   Indigo
Sample 18: M27- A05768
Pica-8
Context unknown
Late Intermediate period
Figure 2l)
Tunic Green
Munsell:
10GY 4/2
Colorimetría
L* a* b*
-
Proteinaceous fiber Indigoide Indigoide
Sample 19: M28- A05768
Pica-8
Context unknown
Late Intermediate period
(Fig. 2l)
Tunic Yellow
Munsell:
10R 3/2
Colorimetría
L* a* b*
-
Proteinaceous fiber Indigo
Sample 20: M29- A05685
Pica-8
Context: SD, T56
Late Intermediate period
(Fig. 2m)
Tunic Brown
Munsell:
10R 4/8,
Colorimetría
L* a* b*
-
Proteinaceous fiber Alizarin Anthraquinone
Sample 21: M30- A05685
Pica-8
Context: SD, T56
ate Intermediate period
(Fig. 2m)
Tunic Yellow
Munsell: 10R 4/8
Colorimetría
L* a* b*
-
Proteinaceous fiber Alizarin
Sample 22: M31- A05685
Pica-8
Context: SD, T56
Late Intermediate period
(Fig. 2m)
Tunic Brown
Munsell:
5YR 2.5/1
Colorimetría
L* a* b*
Proteinaceous fiber No Result