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Table 1 Detailed information of the four Medicago samples

From: New archaeobotanical evidence for Medicago from the Astana Cemetery in Turpan, Xinjiang

Sample code Plant species Plant organ and quantity Tomb number Location Age Origin of age References
1 Medicago sativa Six broken pods 2004TAM409:10 A pottery basin AD 304–439 Structure of the tomb and characteristic of the unearthed cultural relics [20]
2 Medicago lupulina Two pods 73TAM214:75 Unclear AD 665 Unearthed epitaph with a dating text of AD 665 [21, 22]
3 Medicago lupulina Three pods 73TAM214:143 Unclear AD 665 Unearthed epitaph with a dating text of AD 665 [21, 22]
4 Medicago sativa Numerous chopped stems and leaves as well as intact pods 73TAM519:10 A pillow AD 642 Unearthed epitaph with a dating text of AD 642 [21, 23]