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  1. Content type: Research article

    A novel multipollutant diffusive sampler for HONO, HNO3, and NO2 was used and tested at four different libraries/archives in different seasons. Two were located in Switzerland in Bern (Swiss National Library) and...

    Authors: Francesca Vichi, Ludmila Mašková, Massimiliano Frattoni, Andrea Imperiali and Jiří Smolík

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:4

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In this work we explore the chemical effects of particulate matter on paper. We exposed paper made of pure cellulose to the environment in different locations in central London, outdoors (in sheltered conditio...

    Authors: Josep Grau-Bové, Bojan Budič, Irena Kralj Cigić, David Thickett, Stefania Signorello and Matija Strlič

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:2

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  3. Content type: Research Article

    The important trecento Florentine artist Giotto (c. 1266-1337) is renowned for his naturalistic and realistic works in tempera and fresco. His innovative paintng style involved painting expressive, emotive fac...

    Authors: Barbara H. Berrie, Marco Leona and Richard McLaughlin

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:1

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  4. Content type: Research article

    In the context of evidence-based management of historic collections, a damage function combines aspects of material degradation, use, and consideration of material attributes that are important for satisfactor...

    Authors: Matija Strlič, Carlota M. Grossi, Catherine Dillon, Nancy Bell, Kalliopi Fouseki, Peter Brimblecombe, Eva Menart, Kostas Ntanos, William Lindsay, David Thickett, Fenella France and Gerrit De Bruin

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:40

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The present study reports results from the large-scale integrated EU project “Climate for Culture”. The full name, or title, of the project is Climate for Culture: damage risk assessment, economic impact and miti...

    Authors: Johanna Leissner, Ralf Kilian, Lola Kotova, Daniela Jacob, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Tor Broström, Jonathan Ashley-Smith, Henk L. Schellen, Marco Martens, Jos van Schijndel, Florian Antretter, Matthias Winkler, Chiara Bertolin, Dario Camuffo, Goran Simeunovic and Tomáš Vyhlídal

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:38

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Silver, prized throughout history for its luster and shine, develops a black Ag2S tarnish layer that is aesthetically displeasing when exposed to atmospheric pollutants. Tarnishing, and subsequent polishing, lead...

    Authors: Amy E. Marquardt, Eric M. Breitung, Terry Drayman-Weisser, Glenn Gates and R. J. Phaneuf

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:37

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  7. Content type: Research article

    As a result of use of library and archival documents, defined as reading with handling in the context of general access, mechanical degradation (wear and tear) accumulates. In contrast to chemical degradation...

    Authors: Matija Strlič, Carlota M. Grossi, Catherine Dillon, Nancy Bell, Kalliopi Fouseki, Peter Brimblecombe, Eva Menart, Kostas Ntanos, William Lindsay, David Thickett, Fenella France and Gerrit De Bruin

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:36

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Particulate matter, microorganisms in air and environmental conditions present a potential risk to museum collections. There are also limited studies of simultaneous measurements of airborne particles and micr...

    Authors: Mihalis Lazaridis, E. Katsivela, I. Kopanakis, L. Raisi and G. Panagiaris

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:34

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  9. Content type: Research article

    In heritage science literature and in preventive conservation practice, damage functions are used to model material behaviour and specifically damage (unacceptable change), as a result of the presence of a str...

    Authors: Matija Strlič, Carlota M. Grossi, Catherine Dillon, Nancy Bell, Kalliopi Fouseki, Peter Brimblecombe, Eva Menart, Kostas Ntanos, William Lindsay, David Thickett, Fenella France and Gerrit De Bruin

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:33

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Since 2007, the research led on the Huaca Ventarrón site has allowed investigators to discover outstanding wall paintings. These murals are one of the oldest examples of this artistic expression in the Andean ...

    Authors: Véronique Wright, Ignacio Alva Meneses and Éric Laval

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:31

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  11. Content type: Research article

    In this study a conservation treatment of stone monuments meant for consolidation, protection, and inhibition of biofilm formation is proposed. The method is developed as a part of a systematic investigation a...

    Authors: Inez Dorothé van der Werf, Nicoletta Ditaranto, Rosaria Anna Picca, Maria Chiara Sportelli and Luigia Sabbatini

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:29

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The micro-Raman spectroscopy was used to identify manganese oxides, pyrolusite, manganite and cryptomelane in archaeological sites in northern Atacama Desert, Chile. The present micro-Raman data allow us to co...

    Authors: Marcela Sepúlveda, Sebastián Gutiérrez, Marcelo Campos Vallette, Vivien G. Standen, Bernardo T. Arriaza and José J. Cárcamo-Vega

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:32

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The combination of more and more airtight buildings and the emission of formaldehyde and other volatile organic compounds (VOCs) by building, decoration and furniture materials lead to lower indoor air quality...

    Authors: V Desauziers, D Bourdin, P Mocho and H Plaisance

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:28

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  14. Content type: Research article

    In this study, mass spectrometric techniques (THM–Py–GCMS, DTMS and ESI–MS) have been used to characterize the organic fraction of early twentieth century oil-based enamel paints. Analysis has been carried out...

    Authors: Maria Kokkori, Ken Sutherland, Jaap Boon, Francesca Casadio and Marc Vermeulen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:30

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The Franciscan Friary in Montella near Avellino in Southern Italy is of special interest because according to historical sources it was founded by St. Francis himself in AD 1221–1222. Human remains of several ...

    Authors: Marielva Torino, Jesper L Boldsen, Peter Tarp, Kaare Lund Rasmussen, Lilian Skytte, Lisbeth Nielsen, Simone Schiavone, Filippo Terrasi, Isabella Passariello, Paola Ricci and Carmine Lubritto

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:27

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  16. Content type: Research article

    “The Plague in Lucca”, a masterpiece of the contemporary painter Lorenzo Viani, was studied by multi-analytical techniques (Multiband, IR and UV fluorescence imaging, micro-Raman spectroscopy, direct exposure...

    Authors: E Grifoni, L Briganti, L Marras, S Orsini, M P Colombini, S Legnaioli, M Lezzerini, G Lorenzetti, S Pagnotta and V Palleschi

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:26

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Precious objects made of silver and/or its alloys tarnish and become black when exposed to ambient atmospheres containing moisture and ppb-amounts of H2S. Such objects usually contain small but variable amounts o...

    Authors: Patrick Storme, Olivier Schalm and Rita Wiesinger

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:25

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Poly(vinylacohol) (PVA) is a versatile polymer capable of forming hydrogels useful in a wide range of applications. Hydrogels based on cross-linking of PVA with borax, and able to incorporate organic solvents,...

    Authors: Chiara Riedo, Fabrizio Caldera, Tommaso Poli and Oscar Chiantore

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:23

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  19. Content type: Research article

    During the examination of two 19th century oil paintings by Swiss artists, the Reading pastor (ca. 1885) by Ferdinand Hodler (1853–1918) and Portrait of a young girl (ca. 1888) by Filippo Franzoni (1857–1911), it...

    Authors: Ester S B Ferreira, Danièle Gros, Karin Wyss, Nadim C Scherrer, Stefan Zumbühl and Federica Marone

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:24

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Potash-lime silica glass was used for window panels in Europe north of the Alps in the medieval era. The high potassium and low silica content of this glass influences its chemical stability. When exposed to a...

    Authors: Monica De Bardi, Herbert Hutter, Manfred Schreiner and Renzo Bertoncello

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:22

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  21. Content type: Research article

    From the 1st to the 3rd centuries A.D., the territory of Istria (present-day Croatia) was a prominent area of olive oil production. Archaeologists have identified the so-called Dressel 6B amphora as the main c...

    Authors: Pierre Machut, Ayed Ben Amara, Nadia Cantin, Rémy Chapoulie, Nicolas Frèrebeau, François-Xavier Le Bourdonnec, Yolande Marion and Francis Tassaux

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:21

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  22. Content type: Research article

    One of the most important Mayan cities of the Classic period (A.D. 200–900) of Mesoamerica is Palenque, in Chiapas. The Mayan civilization attributed great importance to greenstone minerals, in particular jade...

    Authors: Alma A. Delgado Robles, Jose Luis Ruvalcaba Sil, Pieterjan Claes, Mayra D. Manrique Ortega, Edgar Casanova González, Miguel Ángel Maynez Rojas, Martha Cuevas García and Sabrina García Castillo

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:20

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Carbon-based pigments are a group of dark-colored materials, which are classified according to the starting material used and their manufacturing process. Raman spectroscopy is an ideal technique for the ident...

    Authors: Eugenia P Tomasini, Blanca Gómez, Emilia B Halac, María Reinoso, Emiliano J Di Liscia, Gabriela Siracusano and Marta S Maier

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:19

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  24. Content type: Communication

    In recent decades research in the conservation and restoration field has provided sustainable alternatives to traditional procedures for cleaning or controlling the microbial colonization of works of art. In t...

    Authors: Giovanna Barresi, Enza Di Carlo, Maria Rosa Trapani, Maria Giovanna Parisi, Chiara Chille, Maria Francesca Mule, Matteo Cammarata and Franco Palla

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:17

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Presented article summarizes the results of a broad-based survey on painting techniques used during the High and Late Gothic period in the Bohemian panel paintings located in the collections of the National Ga...

    Authors: Radka Šefců, Štěpánka Chlumská and Alena Hostašová

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:16

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  26. Content type: Research article

    We describe a novel microscopy system which can obtain chemical maps from the surfaces of heritage metals in air or a controlled environment. The microscope, x-ray excited optical microscope Mk 1 (XEOM 1), for...

    Authors: Mark Dowsett, Matt Hand, Pieter-Jan Sabbe, Paul Thompson and Annemie Adriaens

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:14

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  27. Content type: Research article

    This work is part of a wide scientific project finalized to characterize the Sicilian pottery productions from Greek to Roman Age. In this prospective, local reference groups have been analysed in order to cre...

    Authors: Erica Aquilia, Germana Barone, Paolo Mazzoleni, Simona Raneri and Gioconda Lamagna

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:11

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  28. Content type: Research article

    In this paper, we used a multi-technique approach in order to identify the arsenic sulfide pigment used in the decorative panels of the Japanese tower in Laeken, Belgium. Our attention was drawn to this partic...

    Authors: Marc Vermeulen, Jana Sanyova and Koen Janssens

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:9

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Research into paper artworks and the identification of drawing techniques dating from the 15th to the 19th century from the collection of Slovak National Gallery revealed that the most frequently used means of...

    Authors: Milena Reháková, Michal Čeppan, Katarína Vizárová, András Peller, Danica Stojkovičová and Monika Hricková

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:8

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The present study focuses on Late-Roman/Early Medieval glass found in the productive area within the ancient harbour of Classe near Ravenna, one of the most important trade centres between the 5th and 8th centuri...

    Authors: Sarah Maltoni, Tania Chinni, Mariangela Vandini, Enrico Cirelli, Alberta Silvestri and Gianmario Molin

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:13

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Analyses of natural dyes and the metal of the metal-wrapping threads used in 16th -18th century Persian/Safavid and Indian/Mughal period velvets were performed on these textiles in the collection of The Metropoli...

    Authors: Nobuko Shibayama, Mark Wypyski and Elisa Gagliardi-Mangilli

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:12

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The impact of climate on cultural heritage surfaces leads to several damage processes and the protection and the preservation of works of art is a challenge for conservation scientists and restorers. Tradition...

    Authors: Irene Natali, Patrizia Tomasin, Francesca Becherini, Adriana Bernardi, Chiara Ciantelli, Monica Favaro, Orlando Favoni, Vicente J Forrat Pérez, Iulian D Olteanu, Maria Dolores Romero Sanchez, Arianna Vivarelli and Alessandra Bonazza

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:6

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  33. Content type: Research article

    This work describes a simple use of active Infrared Thermography developed to detect the level of weathering of a statue with respect to cracks observed on the surface. The statue “Ratto delle Sabine” of Giambolo...

    Authors: Maria C Di Tuccio, Nicola Ludwig, Marco Gargano and Adriana Bernardi

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:10

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Terminology used to define black earths is general, vague and unclear with regard to the correspondence between the name of the pigment used in different epochs and its specific mineralogical and chemical comp...

    Authors: Giovanni Cavallo and Karin Gianoli Barioni

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:5

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  35. Content type: Research article

    X-ray imaging is a very powerful tool which can be exploited in several fields. In the last few years, its use in archaeology has grown consistently. One of the most recent and interesting applications of comp...

    Authors: Alessandro Re, Jacopo Corsi, Marco Demmelbauer, Margherita Martini, Giorgia Mila and Chiara Ricci

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:4

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  36. Content type: Review

    Synchrotron Radiation (SR) - based techniques such as SR-μ Fourier Transform InfraRed (FTIR) spectroscopy, SR-μ X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF), SR-μ X-Ray Absorption Near Edge Spectroscopy (XANES) and SR-μ X-Ray Dif...

    Authors: Emeline Pouyet, Barbara Fayard, Murielle Salomé, Yoko Taniguchi, Francesco Sette and Marine Cotte

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:3

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Since ancient times, the unique properties of birch barks (Betula genus) have made them a material of choice for producing both everyday-life and artistic objects. Yet archaeological birch bark artefacts are r...

    Authors: Sibilla Orsini, Erika Ribechini, Francesca Modugno, Johanna Klügl, Giovanna Di Pietro and Maria Perla Colombini

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:2

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  38. Content type: Research article

    For preservation of stones used in Cultural Heritage, affected by weathering processes that threaten their cohesion and mechanical properties, the application of consolidants is a common practice. However, ava...

    Authors: Gabriela Graziani, Enrico Sassoni and Elisa Franzoni

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:1

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The analysis of dyes in cultural heritage samples is a well-known challenging task, due to their inherent high tinting strength and consequent low concentration in the carrying matrix a fact that severely limi...

    Authors: Silvia Prati, Marta Quaranta, Giorgia Sciutto, Irene Bonacini, Lucio Litti, Moreno Meneghetti and Rocco Mazzeo

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:28

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  40. Content type: Research article

    This study concerns the application of non-invasive and micro-invasive analyses for the study of a contemporary artwork entitled La Caverna dell’Antimateria (“The Cave of Antimatter”) which was created by Pinot G...

    Authors: Giovanni Bartolozzi, Costanza Cucci, Veronica Marchiafava, Susanna Masi, Marcello Picollo, Emanuela Grifoni, Stefano Legnaioli, Giulia Lorenzetti, Stefano Pagnotta, Vincenzo Palleschi, Francesca Di Girolamo, Jacopo La Nasa, Francesca Modugno and Maria Perla Colombini

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:29

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  41. Content type: Research Article

    Although Prussian blue is a popular pigment, its stability has been questioned since its discovery in 1704. Its stability upon exposure to light and anoxia remains difficult to apprehend. The present paper foc...

    Authors: Claire Gervais, Marie-Angélique Languille, Solenn Reguer, Chantal Garnier and Martine Gillet

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:26

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) was proposed as a potential scavenger of carbon radicals in ancient carbonized silk fabrics. Ancient and artificially carbonized silk samples were treated using this method. The opti...

    Authors: Xiaojian Bai, Yuxuan Gong, Haiyan Yang and Decai Gong

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:27

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