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  1. Basic sodium copper carbonate, Na3[Cu2(CO3)3(OH)]∙4H2O, has been mentioned as heritage corrosion product of copper alloys in two publications. The identification relied on the comparison of the powder diffractogr...

    Authors: Gerhard Eggert, Andrea Fischer and Robert E. Dinnebier

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:27

    Content type: Communication

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2016 4:35

  2. The Smithsonian Institution Building, commonly referred to as the Castle, is located on the National Mall in Washington, DC, and was constructed in the mid-nineteenth century for the purpose of housing all mus...

    Authors: Edward P. Vicenzi, Carol A. Grissom, Richard A. Livingston and Zoe Weldon-Yochim

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:26

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Jebel Khalid is a single period Hellenistic site on the west bank of the Euphrates River in northern Syria. The occupation of the site dates from the early 3rd century BCE until its abandonment in the late 70s...

    Authors: Wendy J. Reade and Karen L. Privat

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:20

    Content type: Research Article

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  4. A multi-analytical investigation of Japanese woodblock prints ranging in date from 1864 to 1895 and covering essentially the time span between the very end of the Edo period and the middle of the Meiji period ...

    Authors: Yanbing Luo, Elena Basso, Henry D. Smith II and Marco Leona

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:17

    Content type: Research article

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  5. A versatile analytical methodology is presented, that combines the application of two mobile laser-based analytical techniques, Raman microscopy and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), for the analysi...

    Authors: Zoi Eirini Papliaka, Aggelos Philippidis, Panayiotis Siozos, Maria Vakondiou, Kristalia Melessanaki and Demetrios Anglos

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:15

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Alchemy (1947, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice) is one of the most materic works by J. Pollock, whose palette is extensive, ranging from white to yellow, red, green, violet, blue, bla...

    Authors: F. Rosi, C. Grazia, R. Fontana, F. Gabrieli, L. Pensabene Buemi, E. Pampaloni, A. Romani, C. Stringari and C. Miliani

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:18

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Ancestral Puebloan black-on-white ceramics of the American Southwest can be classified as containing pigments within their painted designs containing high levels of organic-based elements such as potassium, or...

    Authors: M. W. Pendleton, D. K. Washburn, E. A. Ellis and B. B. Pendleton

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:11

    Content type: Research article

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  8. A great number of historic manuscripts, drawings, etc., many of which are stored and/or exhibited in museums, archives and various collections contain iron gall inks (IGIs) as base scripting material. Although...

    Authors: Stamatis C. Boyatzis, Georgia Velivasaki and Ekaterini Malea

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:13

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2016 4:39

  9. Calcareous materials, like marble used in connection with cultural heritage objects such as statues and pedestals, or as wall facings on buildings, often show a brownish staining owing to contact with iron met...

    Authors: Sanne Spile, Takayoshi Suzuki, Jesper Bendix and Kim Pilkjær Simonsen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:12

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Yellow orpiment (As2S3) and red–orange realgar (As4S4) photo-degrade and the nineteenth-century pigment emerald green (Cu(C2H3O2)2·3Cu(AsO2)2) degrades into arsenic oxides. Because of their solubility in water, a...

    Authors: Katrien Keune, Jennifer Mass, Apurva Mehta, Jonathan Church and Florian Meirer

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:10

    Content type: Research Article

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  11. The two-wavelength laser cleaning methodology has been introduced and developed in order to meet demanding cleaning challenges in CH. The innovation lies on the combined use of two laser beams, allowing thus c...

    Authors: Paraskevi Pouli, Evi Papakonstantinou, Katerina Frantzikinaki, Anastasia Panou, Giasemi Frantzi, Costantinos Vasiliadis and Costas Fotakis

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:9

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  12. Imaging spectroscopy, the collection of spatially co-registered images in many contiguous spectral bands, has been developed for remote sensing of the Earth utilizing reflectance or luminescence. In this paper...

    Authors: John K. Delaney, Mathieu Thoury, Jason G. Zeibel, Paola Ricciardi, Kathryn M. Morales and Kathryn A. Dooley

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:6

    Content type: Research article

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  13. In this study, an enameled glass mosque lamp in the Brooklyn Museum collection is investigated to elucidate the origin and date of production of each of its components—the body, handles, wick-holder, and foot...

    Authors: Johanna Salvant, Victoria Schussler, Caitlin McKenna, Lisa Bruno, Monica Ganio and Marc Walton

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:5

    Content type: Research article

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  14. A novel multipollutant diffusive sampler for HONO, HNO3, and NO2 was used and tested at four different libraries/archives in different seasons. Two were located in Switzerland in Bern (Swiss National Library) and...

    Authors: Francesca Vichi, Ludmila Mašková, Massimiliano Frattoni, Andrea Imperiali and Jiří Smolík

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:4

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In this work we explore the chemical effects of particulate matter on paper. We exposed paper made of pure cellulose to the environment in different locations in central London, outdoors (in sheltered conditio...

    Authors: Josep Grau-Bové, Bojan Budič, Irena Kralj Cigić, David Thickett, Stefania Signorello and Matija Strlič

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:2

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The important trecento Florentine artist Giotto (c. 1266-1337) is renowned for his naturalistic and realistic works in tempera and fresco. His innovative paintng style involved painting expressive, emotive fac...

    Authors: Barbara H. Berrie, Marco Leona and Richard McLaughlin

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:1

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  17. In the context of evidence-based management of historic collections, a damage function combines aspects of material degradation, use, and consideration of material attributes that are important for satisfactor...

    Authors: Matija Strlič, Carlota M. Grossi, Catherine Dillon, Nancy Bell, Kalliopi Fouseki, Peter Brimblecombe, Eva Menart, Kostas Ntanos, William Lindsay, David Thickett, Fenella France and Gerrit De Bruin

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:40

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The present study reports results from the large-scale integrated EU project “Climate for Culture”. The full name, or title, of the project is Climate for Culture: damage risk assessment, economic impact and miti...

    Authors: Johanna Leissner, Ralf Kilian, Lola Kotova, Daniela Jacob, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Tor Broström, Jonathan Ashley-Smith, Henk L. Schellen, Marco Martens, Jos van Schijndel, Florian Antretter, Matthias Winkler, Chiara Bertolin, Dario Camuffo, Goran Simeunovic and Tomáš Vyhlídal

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:38

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Silver, prized throughout history for its luster and shine, develops a black Ag2S tarnish layer that is aesthetically displeasing when exposed to atmospheric pollutants. Tarnishing, and subsequent polishing, lead...

    Authors: Amy E. Marquardt, Eric M. Breitung, Terry Drayman-Weisser, Glenn Gates and R. J. Phaneuf

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:37

    Content type: Research article

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  20. As a result of use of library and archival documents, defined as reading with handling in the context of general access, mechanical degradation (wear and tear) accumulates. In contrast to chemical degradation...

    Authors: Matija Strlič, Carlota M. Grossi, Catherine Dillon, Nancy Bell, Kalliopi Fouseki, Peter Brimblecombe, Eva Menart, Kostas Ntanos, William Lindsay, David Thickett, Fenella France and Gerrit De Bruin

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:36

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Particulate matter, microorganisms in air and environmental conditions present a potential risk to museum collections. There are also limited studies of simultaneous measurements of airborne particles and micr...

    Authors: Mihalis Lazaridis, E. Katsivela, I. Kopanakis, L. Raisi and G. Panagiaris

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:34

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In heritage science literature and in preventive conservation practice, damage functions are used to model material behaviour and specifically damage (unacceptable change), as a result of the presence of a str...

    Authors: Matija Strlič, Carlota M. Grossi, Catherine Dillon, Nancy Bell, Kalliopi Fouseki, Peter Brimblecombe, Eva Menart, Kostas Ntanos, William Lindsay, David Thickett, Fenella France and Gerrit De Bruin

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:33

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Since 2007, the research led on the Huaca Ventarrón site has allowed investigators to discover outstanding wall paintings. These murals are one of the oldest examples of this artistic expression in the Andean ...

    Authors: Véronique Wright, Ignacio Alva Meneses and Éric Laval

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:31

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. In this study a conservation treatment of stone monuments meant for consolidation, protection, and inhibition of biofilm formation is proposed. The method is developed as a part of a systematic investigation a...

    Authors: Inez Dorothé van der Werf, Nicoletta Ditaranto, Rosaria Anna Picca, Maria Chiara Sportelli and Luigia Sabbatini

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:29

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. The micro-Raman spectroscopy was used to identify manganese oxides, pyrolusite, manganite and cryptomelane in archaeological sites in northern Atacama Desert, Chile. The present micro-Raman data allow us to co...

    Authors: Marcela Sepúlveda, Sebastián Gutiérrez, Marcelo Campos Vallette, Vivien G. Standen, Bernardo T. Arriaza and José J. Cárcamo-Vega

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:32

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. The combination of more and more airtight buildings and the emission of formaldehyde and other volatile organic compounds (VOCs) by building, decoration and furniture materials lead to lower indoor air quality...

    Authors: V Desauziers, D Bourdin, P Mocho and H Plaisance

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:28

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. In this study, mass spectrometric techniques (THM–Py–GCMS, DTMS and ESI–MS) have been used to characterize the organic fraction of early twentieth century oil-based enamel paints. Analysis has been carried out...

    Authors: Maria Kokkori, Ken Sutherland, Jaap Boon, Francesca Casadio and Marc Vermeulen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:30

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. The Franciscan Friary in Montella near Avellino in Southern Italy is of special interest because according to historical sources it was founded by St. Francis himself in AD 1221–1222. Human remains of several ...

    Authors: Marielva Torino, Jesper L Boldsen, Peter Tarp, Kaare Lund Rasmussen, Lilian Skytte, Lisbeth Nielsen, Simone Schiavone, Filippo Terrasi, Isabella Passariello, Paola Ricci and Carmine Lubritto

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:27

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. “The Plague in Lucca”, a masterpiece of the contemporary painter Lorenzo Viani, was studied by multi-analytical techniques (Multiband, IR and UV fluorescence imaging, micro-Raman spectroscopy, direct exposure...

    Authors: E Grifoni, L Briganti, L Marras, S Orsini, M P Colombini, S Legnaioli, M Lezzerini, G Lorenzetti, S Pagnotta and V Palleschi

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:26

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Precious objects made of silver and/or its alloys tarnish and become black when exposed to ambient atmospheres containing moisture and ppb-amounts of H2S. Such objects usually contain small but variable amounts o...

    Authors: Patrick Storme, Olivier Schalm and Rita Wiesinger

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:25

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Poly(vinylacohol) (PVA) is a versatile polymer capable of forming hydrogels useful in a wide range of applications. Hydrogels based on cross-linking of PVA with borax, and able to incorporate organic solvents,...

    Authors: Chiara Riedo, Fabrizio Caldera, Tommaso Poli and Oscar Chiantore

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:23

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. During the examination of two 19th century oil paintings by Swiss artists, the Reading pastor (ca. 1885) by Ferdinand Hodler (1853–1918) and Portrait of a young girl (ca. 1888) by Filippo Franzoni (1857–1911), it...

    Authors: Ester S B Ferreira, Danièle Gros, Karin Wyss, Nadim C Scherrer, Stefan Zumbühl and Federica Marone

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:24

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Potash-lime silica glass was used for window panels in Europe north of the Alps in the medieval era. The high potassium and low silica content of this glass influences its chemical stability. When exposed to a...

    Authors: Monica De Bardi, Herbert Hutter, Manfred Schreiner and Renzo Bertoncello

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:22

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. From the 1st to the 3rd centuries A.D., the territory of Istria (present-day Croatia) was a prominent area of olive oil production. Archaeologists have identified the so-called Dressel 6B amphora as the main c...

    Authors: Pierre Machut, Ayed Ben Amara, Nadia Cantin, Rémy Chapoulie, Nicolas Frèrebeau, François-Xavier Le Bourdonnec, Yolande Marion and Francis Tassaux

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:21

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. One of the most important Mayan cities of the Classic period (A.D. 200–900) of Mesoamerica is Palenque, in Chiapas. The Mayan civilization attributed great importance to greenstone minerals, in particular jade...

    Authors: Alma A. Delgado Robles, Jose Luis Ruvalcaba Sil, Pieterjan Claes, Mayra D. Manrique Ortega, Edgar Casanova González, Miguel Ángel Maynez Rojas, Martha Cuevas García and Sabrina García Castillo

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:20

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Carbon-based pigments are a group of dark-colored materials, which are classified according to the starting material used and their manufacturing process. Raman spectroscopy is an ideal technique for the ident...

    Authors: Eugenia P Tomasini, Blanca Gómez, Emilia B Halac, María Reinoso, Emiliano J Di Liscia, Gabriela Siracusano and Marta S Maier

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:19

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. In recent decades research in the conservation and restoration field has provided sustainable alternatives to traditional procedures for cleaning or controlling the microbial colonization of works of art. In t...

    Authors: Giovanna Barresi, Enza Di Carlo, Maria Rosa Trapani, Maria Giovanna Parisi, Chiara Chille, Maria Francesca Mule, Matteo Cammarata and Franco Palla

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:17

    Content type: Communication

    Published on:

  38. Presented article summarizes the results of a broad-based survey on painting techniques used during the High and Late Gothic period in the Bohemian panel paintings located in the collections of the National Ga...

    Authors: Radka Šefců, Štěpánka Chlumská and Alena Hostašová

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:16

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. We describe a novel microscopy system which can obtain chemical maps from the surfaces of heritage metals in air or a controlled environment. The microscope, x-ray excited optical microscope Mk 1 (XEOM 1), for...

    Authors: Mark Dowsett, Matt Hand, Pieter-Jan Sabbe, Paul Thompson and Annemie Adriaens

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:14

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. In this paper, we used a multi-technique approach in order to identify the arsenic sulfide pigment used in the decorative panels of the Japanese tower in Laeken, Belgium. Our attention was drawn to this partic...

    Authors: Marc Vermeulen, Jana Sanyova and Koen Janssens

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:9

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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