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  1. Content type: Research article

    Attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy with a diamond ATR crystal was used to examine 41 historical polymer fragments and a selection of polyurethane fragments subjecte...

    Authors: Gemma Mitchell, Fenella France, Alison Nordon, Pik Leung Tang and Lorraine T Gibson

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:28

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The freshwater reservoir effect can result in anomalously old radiocarbon ages of samples from lakes and rivers. This includes the bones of people whose subsistence was based on freshwater fish, and pottery in...

    Authors: Bente Philippsen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:24

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Winsor & Newton Ltd. has been one of the main fine art products providers since its establishment in 1832, being responsible for the manufacture of a wide assortment of materials ranging from oils and pigments...

    Authors: Federica Pozzi, John R Lombardi and Marco Leona

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:23

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The potential use of high contrast X-ray microtomography (XMT) for the reading of fragile historic documents without the need to physically unravel them is a new analytical imaging development in the field of ...

    Authors: Kate Patten, Lee Gonzalez, Craig Kennedy, David Mills, Graham Davis and Tim Wess

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:22

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Archaeological metallic artefacts buried in soils deteriorate by means of various environmental as well as internal factors and mechanisms over time such as change in composition and microstructure of metal an...

    Authors: Omid Oudbashi, Seyed Mohammadamin Emami, Hossein Ahmadi and Parviz Davami

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:21

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The conservation of historic stone buildings and sculptures is recently receiving growing attention and becoming a focus of research. However, it is difficult to estimate the effects of stone conservation, esp...

    Authors: Qiang Liu, Qingju Liu, Jin Zhang, Zhongqi Zhu and Bingjian Zhang

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:20

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  7. Content type: Research article

    A limited amount of analytical data is available on the techniques and materials used in the murals of the Qing dynasty (1636–1911) in China. The Five Northern Provinces’ Assembly Hall (1861–1874) is located i...

    Authors: Kejia Hu, Chongbin Bai, Linyan Ma, Ke Bai, Dongbo Liu and Binbin Fan

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:18

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Tesserae from the mosaic on the front of the San Giovenale chapel inside the Narni Cathedral were analyzed through non-destructive XRF analysis for the characterization of both colouring matters and opacifiers...

    Authors: Pasquale Avino, Pietro Moioli, Alberto Rosada and Claudio Seccaroni

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:17

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Studying medieval skeletons is a direct way to obtain information about life in medieval societies with very little other information available about the living conditions of ordinary people. In this paper we ...

    Authors: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, Lilian Skytte, Nadja Ramseyer and Jesper Lier Boldsen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:16

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The use of organic–inorganic hybrid compounds containing tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and hydroxyl-terminated polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS-OH) is one of the most promising approaches for using alkoxysilane-based for...

    Authors: Jing Zhao, Hongjie Luo, Liqin Wang, Weidong Li, Tie Zhou and Bo Rong

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:12

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Excavating human skeletons is the closest archaeologists can get to the people who lived in the past. Once excavated the bones are often analysed chemically in order to yield as much information as possible. M...

    Authors: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, Lilian Skytte, Christian Pilekær, Anne Lauritsen, Jesper Lier Boldsen, Peter Mygind Leth and Per Orla Thomsen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:10

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The use of cacao, in its familiar food and beverage form, dates back about 3,800 years. By the time of the discovery of America by Europeans, the Aztecs and Mayans had developed methods for drying, roasting an...

    Authors: Elizabeth Chin, Kenneth B Miller, Mark J Payne, W Jeffery Hurst and David A Stuart

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:9

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  13. Content type: Research article

    To analyse deposition of fine particulate matter (PM) on book surfaces we put twelve bunches of cellulose filters on a free shelf of the National Library in Prague, exposed them for three, six, nine, and twelv...

    Authors: Jiří Smolík, Ludmila Mašková, Naděžda Zíková, Lucie Ondráčková and Jakub Ondráček

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:7

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  14. Content type: Research article

    An optimised analytical technique based on pyrolysis coupled with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) and derivatisation in situ with hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS) was used to study several archaeolo...

    Authors: Maria Perla Colombini, Erika Ribechini, Marco Rocchi and Paola Selleri

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:6

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  15. Content type: Research article

    On the 26th of April 2010, while performing routine electrical work, a lost sculpture group of famous Russian sculptor Vladimir Beklemishev (1861–1920) titled ‘Fugitive Slave’ was found inside a wall of the Winte...

    Authors: Kamilla B Kalinina, Sander Habets, Evelina A Tarasova and Svetlana L Petrova

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:5

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The first stable material used to create a gilded surface was gold. False gold was also found in the form of copper-zinc powders or silver covered with resin. There are various ways to make gold leaf adhere to...

    Authors: Jose L Perez-Rodriguez, María D Robador, María C Jimenez de Haro, Jose M Martinez Blanes, Isabel Garofano, Carlos Odriozola and Adrian Duran

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:4

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  17. Content type: Research article

    A set of silver coins from the collection of Déri Museum Debrecen (Hungary) was examined by X-ray fluorescent elemental analysis with the aim to assign the coins to different groups with the best possible prec...

    Authors: Anita Rácz, Károly Héberger, Róbert Rajkó and János Elek

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:2

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