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  1. A multidisciplinary approach has been applied to investigate the production technology of a collection of copper-based artefacts found during archaeological excavation campaigns carried out in the Almohad neig...

    Authors: Carlo Bottaini, Susana Gómez Martínez, Rui Bordalo, Massimo Beltrame, José Mirão, Lígia Rafael and Nick Schiavon
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:97
  2. Gender transformation of Guanyin (Avalokitesvara in India) in China is an intrinsically fascinating research topic. Besides the inner source from the scriptures, literatures and epigraphs, iconological analysi...

    Authors: Yongwen Huang, Dingding Chen, Haiyan Wang and Lulu Wang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:93
  3. Willow-leaf shaped sword is a kind of exclusive bronze weapon popular only in the states of Ba and Shu during the Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770-256 BC). Its prototype may originate from Central Asia and India and ...

    Authors: Dian Chen, Yingdong Yang, Tianyou Wang, Xiaoting Wang and Wugan Luo
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:92
  4. Murals of Cave 256, Mogao Grottoes consist of several layers, with the outermost layer overlays all others. The bottom layer was painted in the five dynasties. The outermost layer was mural of the Song Dynasty...

    Authors: Biwen Shui, Zongren Yu, Qiang Cui, Zhuo Wang, Zhiyuan Yin, Manli Sun and Boming Su
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:89
  5. Red organic dye identification is an important topic for conservation of Japanese ukiyo-e prints. Of particular interest are the works of Suzuki Harunobu, who was working at the inception of full-color printmakin...

    Authors: Lyndsay N. Kissell, Trine K. Quady, Dario Durastanti, Samantha Springer, Jeannie Kenmotsu and Tami Lasseter Clare
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:94
  6. Dark and clear silicate glasses formed during an iron age vitrification event ≈ 1500 years ago at the Broborg hillfort near Uppsala, Sweden have been analyzed using a scanning electron microscope equipped with...

    Authors: Edward P. Vicenzi, Thomas Lam, Jamie L. Weaver, Andrew A. Herzing, John S. McCloy, Rolf Sjöblom and Carolyn I. Pearce
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:90
  7. The Tunpu settlements are the historical product of the co-evolution development of the unique geographical and cultural environment of Guizhou and the military defense policies of Ming Dynasty (1368–1644 AD),...

    Authors: Hongyi Ge, Zhitai Wang, Yu Bao, Zongsheng Huang, Xintong Chen, Bin Wu and Yunwei Qiao
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:85
  8. Pterosaur eggs can offer information about pterosaur reproductive strategies and are extremely precious because only a small number of specimens have been discovered. Previous studies have mainly focused on mo...

    Authors: Ying Li, Xufeng Zhu, Qiang Wang, Shunxing Jiang, Yimin Yang, Wugan Luo and Xiaolin Wang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:84
  9. X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy is an analytical technique used to identify chemical elements that has found widespread use in the cultural heritage sector to characterise artists' materials including th...

    Authors: Cerys Jones, Nathan S. Daly, Catherine Higgitt and Miguel R. D. Rodrigues
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:88
  10. The Alessandrina Library was founded in 1667 by pope Alexander VII Chigi and is nowadays housed in the Campus of Sapienza University of Rome (Italy). Within its Ancient (mostly made of rag paper) and Modern (m...

    Authors: Elena Verticchio, Francesca Frasca, Patrizia Cavalieri, Lorenzo Teodonio, Daniela Fugaro and Anna Maria Siani
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:80
  11. Murujuga in Western Australia has the largest concentration of ancient rock engravings (petroglyphs) in the world. However, the Murujuga rock art is potentially threatened by local industrial air pollution, in...

    Authors: Jolam T. Neumann, John L. Black, Stéphane Hœrlé, Benjamin W. Smith, Ron Watkins, Markus Lagos, Alexander Ziegler and Thorsten Geisler
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:77
  12. Until today, iron gall ink is classified as an exceptional underdrawing material for paintings. Its study and definite identification is usually based on invasive analysis. This article presents a new non-dest...

    Authors: Mareike Gerken, Jochen Sander and Christoph Krekel
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:78
  13. In the field of cultural heritage restoration, the removal of iron corrosion stains is a difficult problem to deal with, especially in stone materials. Many studies in recent years have been aimed at finding s...

    Authors: Luigi Campanella, Francesco Cardellicchio, Emanuele Dell’Aglio, Rita Reale and Anna Maria Salvi
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:79
  14. Over the last few decades, chemical and physical studies on bowed string musical instruments have provided a better understanding of their wooden finished surface. Nevertheless, until now only a few of them in...

    Authors: Michela Albano, Daniela Comelli, Giacomo Fiocco, Marco Mattonai, Jeannette Jacqueline Lucejko, Luca Zoia, Maria Perla Colombini and Marco Malagodi
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:76
  15. Temporary consolidation is a quite common practice during archeological excavations nowadays. Melts of cyclododecane or menthol are among the most used consolidants. When using melting protocol to consolidate ...

    Authors: Wenjin Zhang, Xuemei Wang, Xiangna Han, Chenglei Meng, Xiao Huang and Hongjie Luo
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:74
  16. The rapid new-style urbanization process in China has had a significant impact on the inheritance and protection of local culture. This paper quantitatively analyzes the spatiotemporal difference regarding the...

    Authors: Lu Yan, Xia Shen and Liu Pengling
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:73
  17. In this paper, X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), Raman spectroscopy (RS), firing temperature analysis, pore size distribution analysis, Fourier infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy-en...

    Authors: Xiaoxi Li, Wendi Yu, Desheng Lan, Jing Zhao, Jianhua Huang, Na Xi, Qiang Li, Yin Xia, Ping Zhou and Hongjie Luo
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:72
  18. In the field of digital humanities, it is increasingly necessary to develop and validate virtual reality tools that are capable of combining various scientific data in a virtualized context providing also acce...

    Authors: Niccolò Albertini, Jacopo Baldini, Andrea Dal Pino, Federico Lazzari, Stefano Legnaioli and Vincenzo Barone
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:71
  19. The coupling of urban retrofitting with climate change adaptation and environmental conservation is impacting on current industrial activities such as electricity production based on fossil fuels. Therefore, n...

    Authors: Daniel Jato-Espino, Ángel Martín-Rodríguez, Aurora Martínez-Corral and Luis A. Sañudo-Fontaneda
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:68
  20. This work presents the results of archaeobotanical examinations of fragments of monumental terracruda sculptures from the Buddhist sites of Tepe Narenj and Qol-e-tut (Kabul, Afghanistan—5th to eleventh centuries ...

    Authors: Mònica López-Prat, Carla Lancelotti, Gema Campo-Francés, Sudipa Ray Bandyopadhyay, Begoña Carrascosa, Noor Agha Noori, Alessandra Pecci, José Simón-Cortés and Domenico Miriello
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:67
  21. Vegetable tanned leather presents a unique challenge to conservators and curators of heritage collections, as little is known about how its physical and chemical properties change upon deterioration. Developin...

    Authors: Elizabeth Dickinson and Kirsty E. High
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:65
  22. Lead-glazed potsherds from archaeological excavations at six Renaissance (1536–1660 CE) sites in southern Denmark and northern Germany have been subjected to etching experiments using 4 wt% acetic acid. The ex...

    Authors: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, George R. Milner, Thomas Delbey, Lisa Kathrine Ivalu Jensen, Frauke Witte, Thilo Rehren, Ulla Kjaer and Poul Grinder-Hansen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:63
  23. Abusir is the name of an elaborate burial area in Egypt, dotted with 19 pyramids and other temples, stretching on the western side of the Nile from the south of the Giza Plateau to the northern rim of Saqqara....

    Authors: Abdelrhman Fahmy, Eduardo Molina-Piernas, Salvador Domínguez-Bella, Javier Martínez-López and Fatma Helmi
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:61
  24. An excavation in 1856 by Charles T. Newton and a re-excavation in 1990–93 by a joint Danish-Turkish team revealed several mosaic floors in a late-antique domus from the fifth century CE, now called the House of C...

    Authors: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, Thomas Delbey, Bjarke Jørgensen, Kasper Høegh Jensen, Birte Poulsen and Poul Pedersen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:62
  25. Cultural heritage objects made of wood can be preserved under waterlogged conditions for many years, where decay is slowed down and the wood structure is more or less completely filled with water. Depending on...

    Authors: Jörg Stelzner, Ingrid Stelzner, Jorge Martinez-Garcia, Damian Gwerder, Markus Wittköpper, Waldemar Muskalla, Anja Cramer, Guido Heinz, Markus Egg and Philipp Schuetz
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:60
  26. Ancient Chinese murals are true portrayals of ancient Chinese life, but well-preserved murals are rare. Therefore, ancient mural preservation and repair are critical. To address the poor superresolution recons...

    Authors: Shang Ma, Jianfang Cao, Zhaoxia Li, Zeyu Chen and Xiaohui Hu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:58
  27. Roasters are clay, quadrilateral vessels that are found in areas of whole Slavic region. For years, there has been a discussion on their functionality, in which various concepts of their use keep appearing. In...

    Authors: Ewa Lisowska, Angelina Rosiak, Agata Sady-Bugajska and Joanna Kałużna-Czaplińska
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:55
  28. Cellulose ethers, like methyl cellulose (MC) or hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC), are widely used in conservation. They also occur as additives and rheology modifiers in various products like dispersions or gels....

    Authors: Simon Steger, Gerhard Eggert, Wolfgang Horn and Christoph Krekel
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:53
  29. This study is to create metadata with a ceramic visual element classification system, such as color, form, material, and pattern, and then to analyze the visual characteristics of Korean ceramics by era throug...

    Authors: Ji Hyun Yi, Hyunsoo Lee and Songei Kim
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:52
  30. The aging behavior of ancient papyri is not entirely understood, although such understanding is crucial for tailored conservation concepts to preserve these precious historical documents for the millennia to c...

    Authors: Florian Bausch, Dickson D. Owusu, Jörg Graf, Thomas Rosenau and Antje Potthast
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:51
  31. Synthetic organic colourants are extremely prominent in heritage collections, particularly throughout textiles. They are often generalized as highly light-sensitive; although, a broad distribution of lightfast...

    Authors: Eric Hagan, Itxel Castro-Soto, Marianne Breault and Jennifer Poulin
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:50
  32. A total of 7 complementary methods have been applied to investigate unique pre-Mongolian 12th century wall paintings from the St. George Cathedral of the Yuriev Monastery in Veliky Novgorod, Russia. Both archa...

    Authors: O. S. Philippova, A. Yu. Dmitriev, T. J. Tsarevskaya and S. O. Dmitrieva
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:49
  33. This paper presents the pigment characterization in six impressionist and post-impressionist paintings by three leading Puerto Rican artists: Francisco Oller (1833–1917), José Cuchí y Arnau (1857–1925), and Ra...

    Authors: Marc Vermeulen, Annette S. Ortiz Miranda, Diego Tamburini, Sol E. Rivera Delgado and Marc Walton
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:44

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