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  1. Content type: Research article

    Illuminated manuscripts are complex multi-layer and multi-material objects. To this difficulty, from the analytical point of view, is added the impossibility of removing samples from these paintings for the st...

    Authors: Aurélie Mounier, Gwénaëlle Le Bourdon, Christian Aupetit, Colette Belin, Laurent Servant, Sylvain Lazare, Yannick Lefrais and Floréal Daniel

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:24

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  2. Content type: Research article

    This study describes the analysis of dyes from three textile specimens associated with human remains found in the Chehrabad salt mine in northwestern Iran dating to 2000 ± 400 years BP. They are unique for thi...

    Authors: Chika Mouri, Abolfazl Aali, Xian Zhang and Richard Laursen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:20

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  3. Content type: Research article

    X-ray computed tomography (CT) is now used in the cultural heritage field because it is non-invasive and it can give a large amount of information on the inner structure of the object under study. Until recent...

    Authors: Alessandro Re, Fauzia Albertin, Chiara Avataneo, Rosa Brancaccio, Jacopo Corsi, Giorgio Cotto, Stefania De Blasi, Giovanni Dughera, Elisabetta Durisi, Walter Ferrarese, Annamaria Giovagnoli, Novella Grassi, Alessandro Lo Giudice, Paolo Mereu, Giorgia Mila, Marco Nervo…

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:19

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Giotto (1266–1337) and his workshop realized c. 1315 the large Crucifix now in the Louvre Museum. The conservation of this masterpiece in 2010–2013 in the C2RMF studios gave the opportunity for a comprehensive...

    Authors: Myriam Eveno, Elisabeth Ravaud, Thomas Calligaro, Laurent Pichon and Eric Laval

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:17

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Several musical instruments in the past centuries were decorated with engravings, inlays, or paintings. This paper focuses on an integrated approach to detect and characterize the kind of dyes when used for th...

    Authors: Letizia Bonizzoni, Claudio Canevari, Anna Galli, Marco Gargano, Nicola Ludwig, Marco Malagodi and Tommaso Rovetta

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:15

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Ethanolic solutions of long-chain carboxylic acids can be applied to lead metal substrates to form a coating of lead carboxylate which provides protection against atmospheric pollutants.

    Authors: Rosie A Grayburn, Mark Dowsett, Michel De Keersmaecker, Dipanjan Banerjee, Simon Brown and Annemie Adriaens

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:14

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  7. Content type: Review

    The development of advanced methods for non-destructive selective imaging of painted works of art at the macroscopic level based on radiation in the X-ray and infrared range of the electromagnetic spectrum are...

    Authors: Stijn Legrand, Frederik Vanmeert, Geert Van der Snickt, Matthias Alfeld, Wout De Nolf, Joris Dik and Koen Janssens

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:13

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Copper pigments promote the deterioration of paper objects; hence, it has been problematic to paper conservation since many valuable historical manuscripts contain copper green pigments. In particular, verdigr...

    Authors: Kyujin Ahn, Andreas Hartl, Christa Hofmann, Ute Henniges and Antje Potthast

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:12

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  9. Content type: Research article

    This paper examines if there is a ‘rigour-relevance gap’ in collaborative heritage science research and what enables and impedes effective collaboration between academic researchers and users of research evide...

    Authors: Catherine Dillon, Nancy Bell, Kalliopi Fouseki, Pip Laurenson, Andrew Thompson and Matija Strlič

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:11

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Koh Ker, one of the provincial cities of the Khmer Empire, was located approximately 85 km northeast of the Angkor monuments. The temples in the Koh Ker monuments were mainly constructed from laterite, sandsto...

    Authors: Etsuo Uchida, Kojiro Tsuda and Ichita Shimoda

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:10

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  11. Content type: Research article

    This study concerns the analysis of four painted wooden panels from the second half of the 15th century which embellish the ceiling of a palace situated in Cremona (Northern Italy). This type of painting was gene...

    Authors: Marco Malagodi, Tommaso Rovetta and Maurizio Licchelli

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:9

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  12. Content type: Research article

    This article presents the results of physical–chemical characterization of the layers of coating covering the bodies, faces and stuffed of four mummified human bodies and seven grave goods from the Chinchorro ...

    Authors: Marcela Sepúlveda, Hélene Rousseliere, Elsa Van Elslande, Bernardo Arriaza, Vivien Standen, Calogero M Santoro and Philippe Walter

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:7

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Cleaning is a fundamental phase of the conservation and maintenance activity of the cultural heritage. It is required to be highly effective in the removal of undesired deposits, controllable at every stage an...

    Authors: Davide Gulotta, Daniela Saviello, Francesca Gherardi, Lucia Toniolo, Marilena Anzani, Alfiero Rabbolini and Sara Goidanich

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:6

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Archaeological silver objects from burial sites are of a grey-lavender aspect. The formation of AgCl leads to an increase in the volume of the objects, which may undergo a complete transformation into corrosio...

    Authors: Geraldine Marchand, Elodie Guilminot, Stéphane Lemoine, Loretta Rossetti, Michelle Vieau and Nicolas Stephant

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:5

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The knowledge of the structure of an artefact, as well as that of its constituent materials and of the hosting environment surely ensures safe guideline for its restoration. Unfortunately, in most cases, a sci...

    Authors: Maria P Sammartino, Gavino Cau, Rita Reale, Sara Ronca and Giovanni Visco

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:4

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  16. Content type: Research article

    This paper describes the development of a novel non-invasive sampling and analysis method that can be used to assess the presence of volatile pesticides on objects held in heritage collections. Vapour phase sa...

    Authors: Iain D Rushworth, Catherine Higgitt, Margaret Smith and Lorraine T Gibson

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:3

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  17. Content type: Review

    The most common way followed for the determination of degradation mechanisms of organic materials is the application of physiochemical methods after accelerated aging. In recent years, there has been a remarka...

    Authors: Petros Dellaportas, Effie Papageorgiou and Georgios Panagiaris

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:2

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The perceived increasing use of ‘restoration mortars’ for the conservation of historic masonry is often viewed as controversial due to the long-standing contention associated with ‘plastic’ repairs in the heri...

    Authors: Clare Torney, Alan M Forster and Ewan M Szadurski

    Citation: Heritage Science 2014 2:1

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  19. Content type: Review

    To maintain the integrity of the Vasa warship after salvage in 1961, conservation treatment with polyethylene glycol was carried out to prevent the collapse of cell walls. This treatment had negative effects on t...

    Authors: Thomas Lechner, Ingela Bjurhager and Robert I Kliger

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:35

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Certain species of insect are known to cause damage to historic collections. For more than a decade insects have been identified in traps set out in English Heritage properties, the data from which has been us...

    Authors: Peter Brimblecombe, Caroline Truth Brimblecombe, David Thickett and Dee Lauder

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:34

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  21. Content type: Research article

    New approaches in the application of multispectral imaging to the recovery of archeological wall paintings are presented, based on statistical techniques and on a novel method of image treatment (Chromatic Der...

    Authors: Stefano Legnaioli, Giulia Lorenzetti, Gildo H Cavalcanti, Emanuela Grifoni, Luciano Marras, Anna Tonazzini, Emanuele Salerno, Pasquino Pallecchi, Gianna Giachi and Vincenzo Palleschi

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:33

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The Mayan archaeological sites belong to the World cultural heritage. The porous nature of limestone and stucco (calcareous coating) along with the high humidity and temperature typical of Southern Mexico and ...

    Authors: Benjamín Otto Ortega-Morales, Seiichi Nakamura, Gustavo Montejano-Zurita, Juan Carlos Camacho-Chab, Patricia Quintana and Susana del Carmen De la Rosa-García

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:32

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In the past few decades, a series of research, restoration and protection have been performed on the ancient murals in Mogao Grottoes. These treatments played significant roles in the conservation of the elega...

    Authors: Jiamin Li, Hui Zhang, Zaixuan Fan, Xiang He, Shimin He, Mingyuan Sun, Yimin Ma, Shiqiang Fang, Huabing Zhang and Bingjian Zhang

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:31

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The study of archaeological artefacts using deployed in situ analytical instruments presents some obvious advantages. Including, obtaining an immediate feedback that can be used to redefine in real-time fieldwork...

    Authors: Ricardo Fernandes, Bertil JH van Os and Hans DJ Huisman

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:30

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy with a diamond ATR crystal was used to examine 41 historical polymer fragments and a selection of polyurethane fragments subjecte...

    Authors: Gemma Mitchell, Fenella France, Alison Nordon, Pik Leung Tang and Lorraine T Gibson

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:28

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The freshwater reservoir effect can result in anomalously old radiocarbon ages of samples from lakes and rivers. This includes the bones of people whose subsistence was based on freshwater fish, and pottery in...

    Authors: Bente Philippsen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:24

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Winsor & Newton Ltd. has been one of the main fine art products providers since its establishment in 1832, being responsible for the manufacture of a wide assortment of materials ranging from oils and pigments...

    Authors: Federica Pozzi, John R Lombardi and Marco Leona

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:23

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The potential use of high contrast X-ray microtomography (XMT) for the reading of fragile historic documents without the need to physically unravel them is a new analytical imaging development in the field of ...

    Authors: Kate Patten, Lee Gonzalez, Craig Kennedy, David Mills, Graham Davis and Tim Wess

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:22

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Archaeological metallic artefacts buried in soils deteriorate by means of various environmental as well as internal factors and mechanisms over time such as change in composition and microstructure of metal an...

    Authors: Omid Oudbashi, Seyed Mohammadamin Emami, Hossein Ahmadi and Parviz Davami

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:21

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The conservation of historic stone buildings and sculptures is recently receiving growing attention and becoming a focus of research. However, it is difficult to estimate the effects of stone conservation, esp...

    Authors: Qiang Liu, Qingju Liu, Jin Zhang, Zhongqi Zhu and Bingjian Zhang

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:20

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  31. Content type: Research article

    A limited amount of analytical data is available on the techniques and materials used in the murals of the Qing dynasty (1636–1911) in China. The Five Northern Provinces’ Assembly Hall (1861–1874) is located i...

    Authors: Kejia Hu, Chongbin Bai, Linyan Ma, Ke Bai, Dongbo Liu and Binbin Fan

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:18

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Tesserae from the mosaic on the front of the San Giovenale chapel inside the Narni Cathedral were analyzed through non-destructive XRF analysis for the characterization of both colouring matters and opacifiers...

    Authors: Pasquale Avino, Pietro Moioli, Alberto Rosada and Claudio Seccaroni

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:17

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Studying medieval skeletons is a direct way to obtain information about life in medieval societies with very little other information available about the living conditions of ordinary people. In this paper we ...

    Authors: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, Lilian Skytte, Nadja Ramseyer and Jesper Lier Boldsen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:16

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The use of organic–inorganic hybrid compounds containing tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and hydroxyl-terminated polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS-OH) is one of the most promising approaches for using alkoxysilane-based for...

    Authors: Jing Zhao, Hongjie Luo, Liqin Wang, Weidong Li, Tie Zhou and Bo Rong

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:12

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Excavating human skeletons is the closest archaeologists can get to the people who lived in the past. Once excavated the bones are often analysed chemically in order to yield as much information as possible. M...

    Authors: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, Lilian Skytte, Christian Pilekær, Anne Lauritsen, Jesper Lier Boldsen, Peter Mygind Leth and Per Orla Thomsen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2013 1:10

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