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  1. This research is part of a wider scientific Italian-Indo project finalised to shed lights on pottery fabrication and trade circulation in Tamil Nadu region during Early Historical Period. The recent archaeolog...

    Authors: E. Odelli, T. Selvaraj, J. Perumal, V. Palleschi, S. Legnaioli and S. Raneri

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:56

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The Peleș National Museum in Sinaia, Romania, includes within its collection of musical instruments a unique harpsichord of the Taskin workshop. The instrument is representative of the eighteenth century Frenc...

    Authors: Ioana Maria Cortea, Luminița Ghervase, Lucian Ratoiu, Monica Dinu and Roxana Rădvan

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:55

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Red discolorations are an effloresce phenomenon detect on the surface of stone objects and considered as damage factor in both esthetic and conservation points of view. It is very difficult to remove and seldo...

    Authors: Jianrui Zha, Shuya Wei, Chuanchang Wang, Zhimin Li, Youzhen Cai and Qinglin Ma

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:54

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Digital photogrammetry and spectral imaging are widely used in heritage sciences towards the comprehensive recording, understanding, and protection of historical artifacts and artworks. The availability of con...

    Authors: Efstathios Adamopoulos, Alessandro Bovero and Fulvio Rinaudo

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:53

    Content type: Research article

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  5. In conservation, adhesives are commonly used for the consolidation of canvases, yet their impact upon the canvas longevity has raised some concerns amongst conservators. As such, this study presents a testing ...

    Authors: Alexandra Bridarolli, Anna Nualart-Torroja, Aurélia Chevalier, Marianne Odlyha and Laurent Bozec

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:52

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Cellulose nitrate transparent plastic film was used by photographers and movie filmmakers from its release in the 1880s to the 1950s. The storage of this material is a challenge for cultural institutions becau...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Carter, Brad Swarbrick, Thérèse M. Harrison and Lucilla Ronai

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:51

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Tituli Picti are an ancient form of urban graffiti very common in the archaeological site of Pompeii (Naples, South—Italy). They are generally made of red pigments applied on walls of Campanian ignimbrite. This p...

    Authors: Silvestro Antonio Ruffolo, Natalia Rovella, Anna Arcudi, Vincenza Crupi, Domenico Majolino, Massimo Osanna, Rossella Pace, Alessia Pantuso, Luciana Randazzo, Michela Ricca, Nicola Ruggieri, Valentina Venuti and Mauro Francesco La Russa

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:49

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Water seepage is the primary cause of stone carvings corrosion in karst caverns, which is typically treated with cement-based grout intervention. In this paper, long-term monitoring (more than 1 1/2 years) was...

    Authors: Shiqiang Fang, Bingjian Zhang and Kun Zhang

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:50

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The production of Japanese enamels for porcelain decoration was thought to have originated from the direct and exclusive influence of Chinese potters who moved to Japan during the chaotic Ming to Qing dynastic...

    Authors: Riccardo Montanari, Nobuyuki Murakami, Philippe Colomban, Maria Francesca Alberghina, Claudia Pelosi and Salvatore Schiavone

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:48

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The pigments were important in the funerary customs of the ancient Maya. They could be introduced as an offering inside the tombs or burials, and were also used to wrap the dead bodies, as if it were a funeral...

    Authors: María Teresa Doménech-Carbó, María Luisa Vázquez de Agredos-Pascual, Laura Osete-Cortina, Antonio Doménech-Carbó, Nuria Guasch-Ferré and Cristina Vidal-Lorenzo

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:47

    Content type: Research article

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  11. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Etsuo Uchida, Yuichiro Sakurai, Rathborith Cheng, Ichita Shimoda and Yu Saito

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:46

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Heritage Science 2020 8:38

  12. In 2012, the ruins of a temple of the old Russian period were found during archaeological research in the medieval historical territory of Smolensk. The archaeological complex consists of the ruins of an ancie...

    Authors: Konstantin Voronin and Mariya Kabanova

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:45

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The open-air Archaeological Museum in Biskupin (Poland) preserves and shows to the public a prehistoric settlement of Lusatian culture dating back to Early Iron Age (eighth century BC). The monitoring of the e...

    Authors: Jeannette Jacqueline Lucejko, Diego Tamburini, Magdalena Zborowska, Leszek Babiński, Francesca Modugno and Maria Perla Colombini

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:44

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The science of oil paint cleaning is an interdisciplinary and challenging field of study due to the complex nature of both paintings and cleaning materials. The topic requires an intimate and iterative collabo...

    Authors: Lambert Baij, Joen Hermans, Bronwyn Ormsby, Petria Noble, Piet Iedema and Katrien Keune

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:43

    Content type: Review

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  15. Aged pressure sensitive tapes (PSTs) can compromise the integrity and readability of drawings and paper artworks. Typically, PSTs on contemporary artifacts are difficult to remove owing to degradation processe...

    Authors: Antonio Mirabile, David Chelazzi, Pamela Ferrari, Costanza Montis, Debora Berti, Nicole Bonelli, Rodorico Giorgi and Piero Baglioni

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:42

    Content type: Research article

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  16. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Angelica Bartoletti, Rachel Barker, David Chelazzi, Nicole Bonelli, Piero Baglioni, Judith Lee, Lora V. Angelova and Bronwyn Ormsby

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:41

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Heritage Science 2020 8:9

  17. The class of imidazolium salts contains effective anticorrosion additives for metal substrates. This study evaluated the potential of 1-carboxymethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis (trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide (HO2CC

    Authors: Debora Kelen Silva da Conceição, Kauana Nunes de Almeida, Elsa Nhuch, Maria Grazia Raucci, Chiara Santillo, Martina Salzano de Luna, Luigi Ambrosio, Marino Lavorgna, Chiara Giuliani, Gabriella Di Carlo, Maria Paola Staccioli, Tiago Falcade and Henri Stephan Schrekker

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:40

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Before the start of its restoration in 2007, the Salvator Mundi was thought to be one of a number of copies of a long-lost Leonardo da Vinci painting, depicting Christ giving a blessing with his right hand while ...

    Authors: Nica Gutman Rieppi, Beth A. Price, Ken Sutherland, Andrew P. Lins, Richard Newman, Peng Wang, Ting Wang and Thomas J. Tague Jr.

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:39

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2020 8:63

  19. During the Angkor period, there were five Royal Roads linking the capital city of Angkor with provincial principal cities. Seven Temples d’étape, six Fire Shrines, and 25 masonry bridges were constructed along...

    Authors: Etsuo Uchida, Yuichiro Sakurai, Rathborith Cheng, Ichita Shimoda and Yu Saito

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:38

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2020 8:46

  20. Silicon materials containing fluorine with similar nanoscale particles (SIC-1 and SIC-2) and organic silicon resin materials with excellent hydrophobicity (SIC-3) were selected to deal with glaze shedding and ...

    Authors: Dilireba Adili, Jing Zhao, Lu Yang, Peng Zhao, Cong Wang and Hongjie Luo

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:37

    Content type: Research article

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  21. This article discusses the bronze weapons discovered in the Xinghelu cemetery of Chengdu, China in order to study the production of bronze weapons in the Shu state. Metallographic microscopy, inductively coupl...

    Authors: Haichao Li, Zhiqing Zhou, Yang Liu, Yi Wang, Zhankui Wang, Lin Wang, Jianbo Tian and Jianfeng Cui

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:36

    Content type: Research article

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  22. This paper describes the methodology and practice-based research underpinning the development of a successful cleaning strategy for Eva Hesse’s sculpture Addendum (1967, Tate Collection T02394). Research strands ...

    Authors: Angelica Bartoletti, Tamar Maor, David Chelazzi, Nicole Bonelli, Piero Baglioni, Lora V. Angelova and Bronwyn A. Ormsby

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:35

    Content type: Research article

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  23. This study provides a detailed understanding of the heat fluxes and temperatures that take place in the channel between the inner face of an exterior wall and the back of a painted wood panel hung on it. This is ...

    Authors: Santi Ferrer, Gema Campo-Francés, Cristina Ruiz-Recasens and Marta Oriola-Folch

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:34

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Cellulose nitrate and acetate are materials at risk in heritage collections because it is not possible to predict the evolution of their conservation state over time. Knowing that the degree of substitution (D...

    Authors: Sofia Nunes, Francesca Ramacciotti, Artur Neves, Eva Marisole Angelin, Ana Maria Ramos, Élia Roldão, Nadja Wallaszkovits, Alfonso Alejo Armijo and Maria João Melo

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:33

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Oxygen consumption measurement was used to study potential oxidative degradation reactions occurring in wooden artefacts from the Viking age Oseberg collection in Norway. Model samples of fresh birch were impr...

    Authors: Caitlin M. A. McQueen, Martin N. Mortensen, Francesco Caruso, Sara Mantellato and Susan Braovac

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:32

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Mixed pigment analysis is an important and complex subject in preserving and restoring Chinese paintings since the colors observed by our naked eyes or instruments such as hyperspectral cameras are usually a m...

    Authors: Shuqiang Lyu, Yiyi Liu, Miaole Hou, Qinli Yin, Wangting Wu and Xueyun Yang

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:31

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Among the thirty-six paintings ascribed to the Dutch seventeenth century artist Johannes Vermeer (1632–1675), Mistress and Maid, in The Frick Collection, stands out for the large-scale figures set against a rathe...

    Authors: Dorothy Mahon, Silvia A. Centeno, Margaret Iacono, Federico Carό, Heike Stege and Andrea Obermeier

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:30

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The white spots known as microbubbles that are formed in cellulose acetate film, significantly affects the texture of the image. However, the formation of microbubbles and their corresponding microstructure ar...

    Authors: Zhihui Jia, Yuhu Li, Yunpeng Qi, Yajun Zhou, Daodao Hu, Xiaolian Chao, Huiping Xing and Jing Li

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:29

    Content type: Research article

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  29. This work presents the development of a flexible microscopic chemical imaging platform for cultural heritage that utilizes wavelength-tunable oblique illumination from a point source to obtain per-pixel reflec...

    Authors: Lindsay Oakley, Stephanie Zaleski, Billie Males, Oliver Cossairt and Marc Walton

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:27

    Content type: Research article

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  30. This research work investigates the possibility to use a hygroscopic model based on Fick’s law to predict the global moisture content variations an historical violin undergoes during a concert. To set up the m...

    Authors: Bertrand Marcon, Giacomo Goli and Marco Fioravanti

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:24

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Johannes Vermeer (1632–1675) is known for his brilliant blue colours, and his frequent use of the costly natural ultramarine. This paper reveals new findings about ultramarine in the headscarf of Girl with a Pear...

    Authors: Annelies van Loon, Alessa A. Gambardella, Victor Gonzalez, Marine Cotte, Wout De Nolf, Katrien Keune, Emilien Leonhardt, Suzan de Groot, Art Ness Proaño Gaibor and Abbie Vandivere

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:25

    Content type: Research article

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  32. During conservation treatment, consolidants and deacidifying agents can be added to the canvas of a painting to mechanically stabilise it and counteract the acidity that promotes degradation. In this study, ne...

    Authors: Marta Oriola-Folch, Gema Campo-Francés, Anna Nualart-Torroja, Cristina Ruiz-Recasens and Iris Bautista-Morenilla

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:23

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The coating technique, supposedly invented by Chinese papermakers no later than the 3rd century AD, greatly improved paper sheets’ qualities of color, texture, writability, and printability. Alongside the disp...

    Authors: Tao Li, Chuang Liu and Dongmei Wang

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:22

    Content type: Research article

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  34. For medieval and post-medieval Denmark and northern Germany, trace elements can potentially contribute to our understanding of diet, migration, social status, exposure to urban settings, and disease treatment....

    Authors: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, George R. Milner, Thomas Delbey, Lilian Skytte, Morten Søvsø, Frederik Callesen and Jesper Lier Boldsen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:18

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Understanding paintings as physical systems is fundamental for advancing environmental specifications that would allow for effective management of museum environments in terms of reducing energy use and carbon...

    Authors: Łukasz Bratasz, Kiraz Goze Akoglu and Patrick Kékicheff

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:11

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Moisture adsorption and related dimensional change were examined in several samples of historic and contemporary parchment. The tensile behaviour was determined for contemporary parchment and two selected hist...

    Authors: Leszek Krzemień, Agata Czyżewska, Magdalena Soboń, Roman Kozłowski and Łukasz Bratasz

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:17

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The archaeological site of the Anahita Temple in Kangavar is one of the best-known stone monuments in western Iran and dates back to the Persian Empire period of Iranian history (about 550 BC to 650 AD). The T...

    Authors: Atefeh Shekofteh, Omid Oudbashi, Giuseppe Cultrone and Masoud Ansari

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:14

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The aim of this study was to develop new, sustainable treatments for the consolidation and conservation of canvas of modern and contemporary art. Because of the diversity of painting types, two product groups ...

    Authors: Nadine Böhme, Manfred Anders, Tobias Reichelt, Katharina Schuhmann, Alexandra Bridarolli and Aurelia Chevalier

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:16

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The damaging effects of mixed light-thermal ageing on parchment were studied by exposing mock-ups to artificial light (162 W/m2 irradiance) at controlled temperature and relative humidity (52 °C, 30% RH) for up t...

    Authors: Federica Cappa, Ilaria Paganoni, Cristina Carsote, Elena Badea and Manfred Schreiner

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:15

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The precious collections of the Qing Dynasty paper-made theatrical figurines known as Shage xiren (纱阁戏人) represent a unique type of Chinese traditional folk art. The name, “Shage xiren” can be explained as the...

    Authors: Yuxuan Gong, Chengquan Qiao, Bochao Zhong, Jiarang Zhong and Decai Gong

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:13

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The paper discusses the case study of the Marriage at Cana, a sixteenth century wall painting located in Ravenna and executed by Luca Longhi. A multi-analytical approach based upon OM, SEM–EDS, μ-Raman, μ-FTIR an...

    Authors: Flavia Fiorillo, Sara Fiorentino, Matteo Montanari, Camilla Roversi Monaco, Andrea Del Bianco and Mariangela Vandini

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:10

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Roy Lichtenstein’s Whaam! (1963) is an iconic artwork in Tate’s collection (T00897). Over the past 50 years, the painting has been on almost continuous display and had accrued a layer of deposited soiling, which ...

    Authors: Angelica Bartoletti, Rachel Barker, David Chelazzi, Nicole Bonelli, Piero Baglioni, Judith Lee, Lora V. Angelova and Bronwyn Ormsby

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:9

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2020 8:41

  43. The Pyramids complex in Giza consists of three main pyramids in addition to the famous Sphinx and small queen’s pyramids. Recently, the pyramids of Cheops (Khufu), Chephren (Khafre) and Mykerinos (Menkaure) on...

    Authors: Sayed Hemeda and Alghreeb Sonbol

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:8

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. This paper reports on activities carried out as part of a pre-conservation studies of the painting by Dmitry Levitsky, “The Portrait of F.P. Makerovsky in a Masquerade Costume” (1789, the State Tretyakov Galle...

    Authors: Nikolay P. Simonenko, Valentin R. Solovey, Kirill V. Shumikhin, Anna A. Lizunova, Stepan V. Lisovskii, Elena A. Liubavskaya, Tatyana V. Seregina, Irina G. Basova, Yulia B. Dyakonova, Tatiana L. Simonenko, Elizaveta P. Simonenko, Ivan A. Volkov, Yulian A. Khalturin and Viktor V. Ivanov

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:6

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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