Skip to main content

Table 1 XRF results of pigment samples

From: A scientific study of the pigments in the wall paintings at Jokhang Monastery in Lhasa, Tibet, China

Sample no. Color Elements detected by XRF(Wt%) Possible pigments
Cu As Hg Fe Pb Cr Au Ag Ca Zn Ba S P K Si Sr V Ti Sc
DZ1 Blue 42.7 --- --- 3.2 --- --- --- --- 10.0 8.7 8.9 24.3 --- 2.2 --- --- --- --- --- Azurite
DZ2 Gold 8.4 --- --- 11.5 2.6 --- 7.3 1.0 23.1 19.5 15.2 4.0 3.8 --- --- 1.6 --- --- --- Gold
DZ3 Green 53.2 10.4 --- 1.4 1.1 --- --- --- 10.7 1.0 --- 8.5 6.9 0.7 --- 0.3 --- --- --- Malachite, Emerald green
DZ4 Blue 84.4 --- --- 0.8 1.5 --- --- --- 7.5 --- 5.6 5.0 --- 0.4 --- --- --- --- --- Azurite
DZ5 Yellow 0.5 --- --- 4.1 1.5 1.2 --- --- 19.2 10.1 24.9 22.1 --- --- --- 0.3 --- --- --- Chrome yellow
DZ6 Orange --- --- --- 1.3 36.1 1.2   --- 11.7 --- 37.4 --- 4.5 1.4   0.6 3.3 --- 0.5 Read lead
DZ7 Orange 0.3 --- --- 0.6 69.7 0.5 --- --- 6.4 0.6 19.2 --- --- --- 2.3 --- --- --- --- Read lead
DZ8 Gold --- --- --- 1.3 --- --- 0.3 --- 27.6 0.4 3.1 29.0 25.5 --- --- --- --- --- --- Gold
DZ9 Red 0.2 --- 49.6 --- 2.2 --- --- --- 16.3 --- 13.5 10.5 7.8 --- --- --- --- --- --- Cinnabar
DZ10 Red 0.4 --- 25.8 0.9 0.3 --- --- --- 37.6 0.4 --- 32.9 --- --- --- --- --- 1.3 --- Cinnabar
DZ11 Red --- --- --- 7.5 48.4 --- --- --- 39.7 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- 4.2 --- Read lead, Mars red