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  1. Content type: Research article

    We present new transmission electron microscopy (TEM) based electron diffraction characterization techniques (orientation imaging combined with 3D precession electron diffraction tomography-ADT) applied on cul...

    Authors: Stavros Nicolopoulos, Partha P. Das, Pablo J. Bereciartua, Fotini Karavasili, Nikolaos Zacharias, Alejandro Gómez Pérez, Athanassios S. Galanis, Edgar F. Rauch, Raúl Arenal, Joaquim Portillo, Josep Roqué-Rosell, Maria Kollia and Irene Margiolaki

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:64

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Iron-gall inks have been described as complexes of iron ions with gallic or tannic acids, available in gall extracts. To assess this working hypothesis, we have prepared medieval inks using ingredients and met...

    Authors: Rafael Javier Díaz Hidalgo, Ricardo Córdoba, Paula Nabais, Valéria Silva, Maria J. Melo, Fernando Pina, Natércia Teixeira and Victor Freitas

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:63

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  3. Content type: Research article

    This article presents a comprehensive materials characterization of a pair of Ruby Slippers used in the 1939 classic film The Wizard of Oz, which has been one of the most popular objects on exhibition at Smithson...

    Authors: Janet G. Douglas, Gwénaëlle Kavich, Chika Mori, Dawn Wallace and Richard Barden

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:49

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The Andean church of San Andrés de Pachama is located in the highland of the northernmost of Chile, near the limit with Bolivia and next to the Ruta de la Plata. This commercial route contributed in the past to t...

    Authors: Eugenia P. Tomasini, José Cárcamo, Diana M. Castellanos Rodríguez, Valeria Careaga, Sebastián Gutiérrez, Carlos Rúa Landa, Marcela Sepúlveda, Fernando Guzman, Magdalena Pereira, Gabriela Siracusano and Marta S. Maier

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:61

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  5. Content type: Research article

    For over two decades the exposure of paper heritage collections to outdoor and indoor generated gaseous pollutants has been perceived as an important threat to their preservation. Following explicit or implici...

    Authors: Frank Ligterink and Giovanna Di Pietro

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:59

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The dissemination of research in cultural heritage preservation to the public is a task that needs new models and expressions, to capture the attention of the public and the assessment of results. With this pu...

    Authors: Pilar Ortiz, Rocío Ortiz, José María Martín, Rosario Rodríguez-Griñolo, María Auxiliadora Vázquez, María Auxiliadora Gómez-Morón, Marta Sameño, Luisa Loza, Carmen Guerra, Juan Manuel Macías-Bernal and Javier Becerra

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:60

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  7. Content type: Research article

    This paper demonstrates the combined use of X-ray computed tomography (XCT), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) to evaluate the conservational history of the dentary (lower...

    Authors: P. F. Wilson, M. P. Smith, J. Hay, J. M. Warnett, A. Attridge and M. A. Williams

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:58

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Metal soaps and resinates are known to be spontaneously formed in artistic paintings, as a product of the reaction between aliphatic and terpenoid acids released by hydrolysis and oxidation of the organic medi...

    Authors: Jacopo La Nasa, Anna Lluveras-Tenorio, Francesca Modugno and Ilaria Bonaduce

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:57

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The last 50 years have seen an impressive development of mathematical methods for the analysis and processing of digital images, mostly in the context of photography, biomedical imaging and various forms of en...

    Authors: Luca Calatroni, Marie d’Autume, Rob Hocking, Stella Panayotova, Simone Parisotto, Paola Ricciardi and Carola-Bibiane Schönlieb

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:56

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Over 50 works on paper from Egypt, Iraq, Iran and Central Asia dated from the 13th to 19th centuries were examined and analyzed at the Straus Center for Conservation and Technical Studies. Forty-six of these w...

    Authors: Penley Knipe, Katherine Eremin, Marc Walton, Agnese Babini and Georgina Rayner

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:55

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  11. Content type: Research article

    A folio fragment attributed to the Fatimid period in Egypt was found to bear tufts of white crystals associated with the orange-brown and yellow paints. Raman spectroscopy identified a mixture of arsenic sulfi...

    Authors: Yana van Dyke, Silvia A. Centeno, Federico Carò, James H. Frantz and Mark T. Wypyski

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:54

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  12. Content type: Research article

    This article aims at identifying the timber species of Nanhai No. 1, an ancient shipwreck (Song Dynasty, 800 years ago) sunk in the South China Sea, finding out the types of bacteria that corrode the wood comp...

    Authors: Mengge Gao, Qinfen Zhang, Xinxin Feng, Dong Chen, Jian Sun, Yong Cui and Runlin Xu

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:53

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  13. Content type: Review

    Nanoparticles (NPs) of metal oxides, sometimes referred to as engineered nanoparticles have been used to protect building surfaces against biofilm formation for many years, but their history in the Cultural He...

    Authors: Manuela Reyes-Estebanez, Benjamín Otto Ortega-Morales, Manuel Chan-Bacab, Carlos Granados-Echegoyen, Juan Carlos Camacho-Chab, Juan Enrique Pereañez-Sacarias and Christine Gaylarde

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:52

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Indoor mould growth is a growing concern for all stakeholders of built environment, including residents, builders, insurance and building remediation industry as well as custodians of heritage buildings. The N...

    Authors: Yasemin Didem Aktas, Jiaqi Shi, Nigel Blades and Dina D’Ayala

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:51

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  15. Content type: Research article

    This article presents a collaborative study to determine the condition within volumes of the Great and Little Domesday Book, held in The National Archives, UK. Advances in technology in both biochemical and bi...

    Authors: Nancy Bell, René Larsen, Kate Patten, Dorte V. P. Sommer, Michael Drakopoulos and Tim Wess

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:50

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The Emerson-White Hours (MS Typ 443–443.1, Houghton Library, Harvard University) is a book of hours and missal produced in Valenciennes, Bruges, and Ghent in the late 1470s or early 1480s. There are seven full...

    Authors: Debora D. Mayer, Hope Mayo, Erin Mysak, Theresa J. Smith and Katherine Eremin

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:48

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Conservators’ decisions regarding the suitability of museum construction materials for use in proximity to artworks still rely heavily on accelerated corrosion tests like the Oddy test despite widespread criti...

    Authors: Michael J. Samide, Mary C. Liggett, Jericha Mill and Gregory D. Smith

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:47

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Late paintings of Rembrandt van Rijn (1606–1669) offer intriguing problems for both art historians and conservation scientists. In the research presented here, the key question addressed is whether observed st...

    Authors: Kathryn A. Dooley, E. Melanie Gifford, Annelies van Loon, Petria Noble, Jason G. Zeibel, Damon M. Conover, Matthias Alfeld, Geert Van der Snickt, Stijn Legrand, Koen Janssens, Joris Dik and John K. Delaney

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:46

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  19. Content type: Research article

    In order to accurately identify the ancient liquid contained in the plum vase excavated from Jurou Li’s Grave of the Jin Dynasty (1115–1234 CE) in Xi’an, mass spectrometry was applied to determine the amino ac...

    Authors: Zhanyun Zhu, Chunlei Yu, Yifei Miao, Zhiyong Lu and Junchang Yang

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:45

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  20. Content type: Review

    The book on how to make all the colour paints for illuminating books invites readers to step inside the workshop of a fifteenth century illuminator in Portugal. This illuminator was the carrier of a tradition on ...

    Authors: Maria J. Melo, Rita Castro, Paula Nabais and Tatiana Vitorino

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:44

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Animal glues derived from collagen-rich tissue are widely used as adhesives and binders in artworks. Identification of the animal source of glue is important not only to understand the artistic technique and h...

    Authors: Yuki Kumazawa, Yuki Taga, Miho Takashima and Shunji Hattori

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:43

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  22. Content type: Research article

    There is great practical and scholarly interest in the identification of pigments in works of art. This paper compares the effectiveness of the widely used Raman Spectroscopy (RS), with hyperspectral imaging (...

    Authors: Ian J. Maybury, David Howell, Melissa Terras and Heather Viles

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:42

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  23. Content type: Research article

    A white pigment found on a sub-set of polychromed wooden Andean ritual drinking cups called qeros has been characterized by X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy as consisti...

    Authors: Ellen Howe, Emily Kaplan, Richard Newman, James H. Frantz, Ellen Pearlstein, Judith Levinson and Odile Madden

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:41

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The House of Gilded Cupids (Regio VI, Insula 16, 7, 38) was unquestionably one of the most important residences of Ancient Pompeii, where important archaeological artefacts such as mural paintings, mosaics, sc...

    Authors: Marco Veneranda, Silvia Fdez-Ortiz de Vallejuelo, Nagore Prieto-Taboada, Maite Maguregui, Iker Marcaida, Héctor Morillas, Alberta Martellone, Bruno de Nigris, Massimo Osanna, Kepa Castro and Juan Manuel Madariaga

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:40

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether workable flesh-toned paints can be made from colourants from aphid insects and ivy gum using medieval gum and scale insect recipes. The processes of extractin...

    Authors: Nabil Ali

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:38

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The 2015 acoustical field survey on and around the central plaza platform (“ushnu”) at the Inca administrative complex of Huánuco Pampa advances understanding of Inca communication dynamics and innovates archa...

    Authors: Miriam A. Kolar, R. Alan Covey and José Luis Cruzado Coronel

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:39

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Over centuries, the external factors such as fire, low temperature, light or microbiological agents, act on the wood and induce some degradation processes, sometimes irreversible, identified by discoloration, ...

    Authors: Rodica-Mariana Ion, Tebello Nyokong, Nnamdi Nwahara, Ioana-Raluca Suica-Bunghez, Lorena Iancu, Sofia Teodorescu, Ioana Daniela Dulama, Raluca Maria Stirbescu, Anca Gheboianu and Ramona Marina Grigorescu

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:37

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The last missing quarter of La pose enchantée, a 1927 Magritte’s oil painting disappeared in 1932, has been finally found beneath Dieu n’est pas un saint, picture painted by the Belgian surrealist between 1935 an...

    Authors: Catherine Defeyt, Elodie Herens, Frederik Leen, Francisca Vandepitte and David Strivay

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:33

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  29. Content type: Review

    The purpose of this paper is to review the performance of the protective shelters installed over three archaeological sites in Malta over the past decade, and to draw some key lessons learnt that may be useful...

    Authors: JoAnn Cassar, Shirley Cefai, Reuben Grima and Katya Stroud

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:36

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Conflict damage to heritage has been thrust into the global spotlight during recent conflict in the Middle East. While the use of social media has heightened and enhanced public awareness of this ‘cultural ter...

    Authors: L. Mol and M. Gomez-Heras

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:35

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Prior studies have shown the improved ability to identify artists’ pigments by combining results from X-ray fluorescence (XRF), which provides elemental information, with reflectance spectroscopy in the visibl...

    Authors: John K. Delaney, Damon M. Conover, Kathryn A. Dooley, Lisha Glinsman, Koen Janssens and Murray Loew

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:31

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  32. Content type: Correction

    After the publication of the original article [1], the authors realized several typographical errors, which are listed with the corrected version as follows.

    Authors: Bernadette Frühmann, Federica Cappa, Wilfried Vetter, Manfred Schreiner and Father Petrus

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:34

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    The original article was published in Heritage Science 2018 6:10

  33. Content type: Review

    Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a new process that is spreading in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction field. It allows the creation of virtual building models, which can be linked to numeri...

    Authors: Danae Phaedra Pocobelli, Jan Boehm, Paul Bryan, James Still and Josep Grau-Bové

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:30

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  34. Content type: Research article

    An analytical study of the painted folding doors at Herlev Hospital in Denmark has been performed in connection with the creation of new doors. The hospital which construction was completed in 1976 is one of t...

    Authors: Anna Katrine Hansen, Marie Bitsch Christiansen, Jana Sanyova and Kim Pilkjær Simonsen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:29

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Comparing information from the ancient texts about the illumination of the manuscripts to the analysis of the components used to create colour in illuminations sheds interesting light. Our research team studie...

    Authors: Charlotte Denoël, Patricia Roger Puyo, Anne-Marie Brunet and Nathalie Poulain Siloe

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:28

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Tie luo (affixed hanging) was an expressive form of traditional Chinese calligraphy or paintings, and popular in the imperial palaces for interior decorations in Qing Dynasty (1644–1911 C.E.). A piece of calligra...

    Authors: Le Wei, Wenjia Chen, Gaowa Jin, Zhimou Guo, Yunli Wang, Baoqiang Kang, Na Wang, An Gu, Yun Zhang and Yong Lei

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:26

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  37. Content type: Research article

    We present here the combination of in situ non invasive techniques to investigate a precious 15th century illuminated manuscript of Petrarch’s work, De remediis utriusque fortunae held in the Méjanes library in A...

    Authors: Laurence de Viguerie, Sophie Rochut, Matthias Alfeld, Philippe Walter, Sophie Astier, Valérie Gontero and Florence Boulc’h

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:11

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Information on materials and procedures of painters of the past can be gained from the latest examinations of a painting and its materials and from documentary sources, the change of meaning of which is of pri...

    Authors: Guido Frison and Giulia Brun

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:24

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Particulate matter in the showcase of the Bayeux embroidery was studied for 8 months in order to determine the conservation state of this precious and fragile work of art. Both the suspended and deposited part...

    Authors: Pauline Uring, Anne Chabas, Dominique De Reyer, Lucile Gentaz, Sylvain Triquet, Cécile Mirande-Bret and Stéphane Alfaro

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:23

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Two precious Carolingian manuscripts kept in the library of Kremsmuenster Abbey in Upper Austria were subject of investigation. The well-known Codices Millenarius Maior (Inv. No. CC Cim 1, Fig. 1a) and Millenariu...

    Authors: Bernadette Frühmann, Federica Cappa, Wilfried Vetter, Manfred Schreiner and Father Petrus

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:10

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2018 6:34

  41. Content type: Research article

    This study reports on the effect of artists’ paint formulation on degradation rates of TiO2-based oil paints. Titanium white oil paint exists in a multitude of different recipes, and the effect of the formulation...

    Authors: B. A. van Driel, K. J. van den Berg, M. Smout, N. Dekker, P. J. Kooyman and J. Dik

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:21

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  42. Content type: Research article

    A widespread belief among scholars and connoisseurs of the Japanese color woodblock print (nishiki-e) holds that synthetic dyes were imported from the West in the 1860s, and soon came to be used for all nishiki-e

    Authors: Anna Cesaratto, Yan-Bing Luo, Henry D. Smith II and Marco Leona

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:22

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The Portrait de Suzanne Bambridge (1891) is the first oil painting executed by Paul Gauguin (1848–1903) in Tahiti. A comprehensive material study of the painting by means of MA-XRF, Raman and FT-IR techniques has...

    Authors: C. Defeyt, E. Van Vyve, F. Leen, F. Vandepitte, B. Gilbert, E. Herens and D. Strivay

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:20

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Wall paintings from the Jokhang temple, Lhasa, Tibet, China cover over 4000 m2. In order to protect these valuable paintings and to provide more conclusive information regarding the date of the painting scheme fr...

    Authors: Yan Song, Feng Gao, Austin Nevin, Juwen Guo, Xiao Zhou, Shuya Wei and Qianqian Li

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:18

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