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Table 1 Summary of polymer-based rapid prototype technologies, currently commonly used by artists and designers

From: Preserving rapid prototypes: a review

System ASTM terminology Common patented systems Base Materials
Solid based Materials extrusion Fused deposition modelling (FDM ® ) Patent: US5121329 A
Stratasays Inc.
Eden Prairie MN
Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), poly(lactic) acid (PLA), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)
Powder based Binder jetting ZCorp 3D printing technology (3DP™)
Patent: US5204055 A
Massachsets Institute of Technology (MIT)
3D Systems Ltd.
Rock Hill SC USA
Plaster based powder, ink/water binders infiltrated with epoxy, wax or cyanoacrylate
Voxeljet AG
Patent:US20110308755 A1
Voxeljet Technology
Augsburg-Lechhausen, Germany
Foundry sand/acrylic polymer
Powder bed fusion Selective laser sintering (SLS ® )
Patent: US4863538 A
The University of Texas
3D Systems Ltd.
Rock Hill SC, USA
Polyamide (PA), acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) metals
Liquid based Materials jetting Polyjet™
Patent: US6259962
Objet Geometries Ltd
Stratasays Inc.
Rehovot, Israel
Proprietary acrylics, acrylates and epoxy thermoset plastics
Vat photo-polymerisation Stereolithography (SLA ® )
Patent: US4575330
UVP Inc.
3D Systems Ltd
Rock Hill SC, USA