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Table 4 The analytical methods and results of the relic sample in this article

From: Scientific analysis of tie luo, a Qing Dynasty calligraphy artifact in the Palace Museum, Beijing, China

Sample depiction Identified results Characterizations
Reddish pigments Pigments  
 White lead (main) XRD ATR-FTIR
Binding media  
 Animal glue  Drying oils  Beeswax ATR-FTIR Py-GC/MS
Organic dye  
 Sappanwood UPLC-Q-TOF MS
Paper fiber Mulberry bark OM PLM
Ground ash Talc, lime and clay ATR-FTIR