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Table 1 The biological sources discussed in the present study, the corresponding dyes and their abbreviation

From: Dyes and biological sources in nineteenth to twentieth century ethnographic textiles from Transylvania, Romania

Biological source Dye component Abbreviation
Common name Latin name(s)
Berries Rhamnus sp. (berries) Quercetin qu
Kaempferol kpf
Carminic acid based insects Dactylopius coccus
Porphyrophora hameli
Porphyrophora polonica
Carminic acid ca
Flavokermesic acid (C glycoside) dcII
Flavokermesic acid fk
Kermesic acid ka
Dyer’s broom Genista tinctoria L. Luteolin lu
Genistein ge
Apigenin ap
Chrysoeriol chry
Diosmetin dios
Emodin based dye Rhamnus, Rheum, Rumex sp. Emodin em
Indigoid dyes Indigofera sp./Isatis tinctoria Indigotin ind
Indirubin inr
Redwood type Caesalpinia sp. Brazilein bra
Soluble redwood (urolithin C) srw
Sawwort Serratula tinctoria L. Luteolin lu
3-O-methylquercetin 3-O-methylqu
Apigenin ap
Quercetin qu
Tannin source Quercus sp. et al. Ellagic acid ea
Young fustic Cotinus coggygria Scop. Fisetin fi
Sulphuretin sul
Weld Reseda luteola L. Luteolin lu
Apigenin ap
Chrysoeriol chry