Skip to main content


Table 2 Pigments identified on sample L6 on the basis of Raman spectroscopy

From: Combined photoluminescence and Raman microscopy for the identification of modern pigments: explanatory examples on cross-sections from Russian avant-garde paintings

Mineral name Formula Pigment name Raman modes (cm−1)
Cinnabar HgS Vermillion 253(s), 280(sh-w), 343(w)
Hydrocerussite Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2 Lead white 1051(vs), 1384(w),
Calcium sulphate dihydrate CaSO4·2H2O Gypsum 419(m), 490(w), 619(w), 669(w), 1008(vs)
Zinc oxide ZnO Zinc white 331(w), 383(w), 438(s)
  1. Italic: Wavenumber peak evidenced in the Raman spectra