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Table 1 Comparison of the analytical results of the four paintings

From: Kandinsky’s fragile art: a multidisciplinary investigation of four early reverse glass paintings (1911–1914) by Wassily Kandinsky

  Auferstehung (Jüngstes Gericht), 1911 (23 spots tested) Allerheiligen II, 1911 (34 spots tested) Rudern, c. 1912 (27 spots tested) Apokalyptischer Reiter II, 1914 (32 spots tested)
White Zinc whitea, lead whitea,c, gypsumc Zinc whitea, lead whitea,c, gypsumc Zinc whitea, lead whitea, gypsumc, barium sulfatea,c Zinc whitea, lead whitea, barium sulfatea,b
Black e Carbon blackb Carbon blackb, bone blacka Carbon black?
Red Cinnabara,b PR83c Cinnabara,d, PR60b
Orange Cinnabar + cadmium yellowa,d
Yellow Chrome yellowa,b, strontium yellowa,b,c, Naples yellowa,c Strontium yellow + cadmium yellowa,b,c,d, cadmium yellowa,c Strontium yellowa,b,c,d, cadmium yellowa,d, yellow SOPc Cadmium yellowa,d, cadmium yellow + strontium yellowa,c,d
Green Viridian + strontium yellowa,c, Prussian blue + chrome yellowa.c, Prussian blue + strontium yellowc, Prussian blue + Naples yellowa,b,c Prussian blue + strontium yellow + cadmium yellowa,c Viridian + strontium yellowa,d, Prussian blue + strontium yellow + cadmium yellowa,b,c, Prussian blue + yellow SOPc, PB52 + yellow SOPc Viridian + strontium yellowa,c,d, emerald green + strontium yellowa,c, viridian + emerald green + strontium yellowa,c
Blue Prussian bluea,b,c Prussian bluea,bc,d, ultramarine bluea,b,c,d Prussian blueb,c, ultramarine blueb,c,PB52b,c Prussian bluea,b,c,d, ultramarine bluea,b,d, cobalt bluea
Violet Prussian blue + cinnabara,b,c Prussian blue + cinnabara,b,c, ultramarine blue + cinnabara,b,c Ultramarine blue + PR83a,c Prussian blue + PR60a,b,c, cobalt blue + PR60a,b
Brown Brown earthsa Brown earthsa,c,d
Metal Aluminium foila, tin foila
Binder Drying oilc Drying oilc, proteinaceous binder + lipidsc Drying oilc Drying oilc
  1. SOP synthetic organic pigment
  2. aXRF
  3. bRaman
  4. cDRIFTS
  5. dVIS
  6. ecolour not in the painting