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Table 1 Spatial carrying capacity calculated according to Eq. (1)

From: Joint development of cultural heritage protection and tourism: the case of Mount Lushan cultural landscape heritage site

Scenic spots Available area (km2) The area occupied per capita (m2/person) Time required to complete the journey (h) Tourist capacity (persons /d)
Guling (牯岭) 2.5 100 1 25,000
Flower road (花径) 0.315 400 2 3150
Jingxiu valley (锦绣谷) 0.089 400 2.5 667
Xianren cave (仙人洞) 0.052 400 1.5 650
Heaven pool (大天池) 0.438 400 2 4380
Sanbao tree (三宝树) 0.813 400 3 4065
Lulin lake (芦林湖) 0.12 400 2 1200
Lushan botanical garden
(庐山植物园)
1.472 400 3 7360
Total / / / 46,472