Skip to main content

Table 1 Summary of the thickness of paint layers, pigment, priming layers and particles size

From: Polychrome arhat figures dated from the Song Dynasty (960–1279 CE) at the Lingyan Temple, Changqing, Shandong, China

Samples
No
Thickness of paint layers/μm Thickness of pigment or gilding layers layers/μm Particles size (min/max/average diameter/μm) Thickness of priming or adhesive layers/μm Particles size (min/max/average diameter/μm)
D1–1 580 L1 Reddish–brown 55 3/35/7 L2 White 85 5/35/13
L3 Red 20 3/13/6 L4 White 55 3/15/7
L5 Orange 35 5/17/13 L6 White 55 3/27/5
L7 Yellow 50 3/17/5 L8 Grey 105 3/15/5
L9 Orange 60 4/17/13 L10 White 45 2/9/4
L11 Red 20 3/14/6 L12 White 50 3/15/5
L13 White 30 3/10/4 L14 Grey 45 6/38/15
D1–2 205 L1 Reddish–brown 110 3/35/8 L2 Gray 60 3/23/7
D1–4 380 L1 Orange 45 3/40/20 L2 White 190 7/45/17
L3 White 105 3/12/5 L4 Gray 40 6/40/15
D1–5 560 L1 Blue 20 3/15/8 L2 Gray 95 6/33/13
L3 White 25 2/6/4 L4 Gray 155 4/27/15
L5 Red 10 3/7/5 L6 Gray 50 4/26/7
L7 Green 205 8/60/18 L8 Gray 50 3/19/6
D1–6 425 L1 Red 30 2/30/7 L2 Gray 110 4/32/12
L3 White 30 3/30/7 L4 Gray 50 3/47/10
L5 White 20 2/6/3 L6 White 70 3/17/8
L7 White 15 2/6/3 L8 Gray 110 5/28/10
D1–7 895 L1 Gold 2 L2 Brown-black 60
L3 Golden yellow 35 3/45/12 L5 Black 65
L4 Gold 2 L8 Black 65
L6 Golden yellow 45 3/30/10 L10 Black 65
L7 Silver 2 L12 Black 70
L9 Silver 2 L13 White 75 4/27/10
L11 Gold 2 L15 Black 35
L14 Gold 2 L16 White 240 5/48/20
D1–8 350 L1 Pink 40 3/20/7 L2 White 130 14/47/25
   L3 Claybank 205 10/41/15
D1–9 370 L1 Gold 2 L2 Black 45
L3 Golden yellow 80 4/68/13 L5 Black 10
L4 Gold 2 L8 Black 35
L6 Golden yellow 25 3/21/12 L10 Black 70
L7 Gold 2 L12 Brown 45
L9 Gold 2 L14 Black 45
L11 Gold 1 L15 Gray 105 4/51/15
L13 Gold 2   
D1–11 210 L1 Black 35  < 1 L2 Gray 25 3/12/8
L3 Orange 30 4/27/11 L4 White 35 5/26/8
D1–12 225 L1 Reddish-brown 120 4/70/13   
L2 Black 70  < 1   
D1–13 250 L1 Red 30 4/35/8 L5 Claybank 60 7/23/10
L2 Orange 25 3/20/6 L6 Gray 50 12/35/15
L3 Red 35 3/12/6   
L4 White 30 3/15/6   
D1–14 345 L1 Yellow 70 4/30/17   
L2 Green 65 13/61/23   
L3 Orange 130 14/110/35   
L4 Green 45 14/52/22   
D1–15 745 L1 Green 570 12/68/25 L4 White 60 3/15/7
L2 Black 10  < 1   
L3 Red 25 3/12/6   
L5 Red 20 3/13/6   
D1–16 225 L1 Red 50 3/65/8 L2 White 40 3/11/5
L4 Orange 45 5/24/10 L3 Brown 95
D1–17 870 L1 White 290 8/75/16 L2 White 145 5/35/10
D1–18 290 L1Blue-green 75 15/35/20 L3 Gray 35 3/17/10
L2 Black 50  < 1   
L4 Black 90  < 1