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  1. Establishing and understanding large format paintings are key to provide accurate information about the artist’s palette and developing conservation strategies. Therefore, investigating the artworks of a popul...

    Authors: Geraldine Conejo-Barboza, Eduardo Libby, Carmen Marín and O. A. Herrera-Sancho
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:125
  2. The recent discovery of the Sphinx Room, belonging to the Domus Aurea Esquiline wing, thanks to the framework given by the project “Non-destructive analytical studies at Parco Archeologico del Colosseo (Rome, Ita...

    Authors: Maria Cristina Caggiani, Alessia Coccato, Paolo Mazzoleni, Alessandro D’Alessio, Alfonsina Russo and Germana Barone
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:124
  3. The object of this study is a wide selection of dyed cotton and camelid samples from an important collection of 2000-year-old Paracas textiles, now at the Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia...

    Authors: Francesca Sabatini, Martina Bacigalupo, Ilaria Degano, Anna Javér and Marei Hacke
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:122
  4. In this study, a painted beehive panel from the collection of the Slovene Ethnographic Museum was examined with respect to its material composition with the aim to reveal the painting technique. Due to the sta...

    Authors: Klara Retko, Maša Kavčič, Lea Legan, Polonca Ropret, Bojana Rogelj Škafar, Yingwang Gao, John Gilchrist, Matija Strlič and Irena Kralj Cigić
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:120
  5. In the previous paper (Part I), the colorimetry and interferometric microscopy measurements on modern gold leaf models have revealed that the visual appearance of a gilded surface, both burnished and unburnish...

    Authors: Qing Wu, Max Döbeli, Tiziana Lombardo, Katharina Schmidt-Ott, Benjamin Watts, Frithjof Nolting and David Ganz
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:119
  6. In the history of medieval gilding, a common view has been circulated for centuries that the substrate colour can influence the visual appearance of a gilded surface. In order to fully understand the correlati...

    Authors: Qing Wu, Meret Hauldenschild, Benedikt Rösner, Tiziana Lombardo, Katharina Schmidt-Ott, Benjamin Watts, Frithjof Nolting and David Ganz
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:118

    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2022 10:48

  7. In this study, in order to analyze the materials and techniques used for the production of the inscribed plaques, multi-analytical scientific approach, including optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron micr...

    Authors: Liping Zheng, Liqin Wang, Xing Zhao, Jiali Yang, Mengxia Zhang and Yunfu Wang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:116
  8. Two mass spectrometry (MS) methods, solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography (SPME–GC–MS) and direct analysis in real time (DART-MS), have been explored to investigate widespread efflorescence observed o...

    Authors: Alba Alvarez-Martin, John George, Emily Kaplan, Lauren Osmond, Leah Bright, G. Asher Newsome, Rebecca Kaczkowski, Frederik Vanmeert, Gwénaëlle Kavich and Susan Heald
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:115
  9. A key issue in understanding artefacts from the past is the loss of readability of the signs they may have borne. The two 16th-century musical instruments studied here—rare Italian violins made by Andrea Amati (c...

    Authors: Marie Radepont, Jean-Philippe Échard, Matthias Ockermüller, Hortense de la Codre and Oulfa Belhadj
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:112
  10. This study focuses on the dye analysis of 26 ikat textiles present in the collection of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery and originally collected by Dr. Guido Goldman with the aim to gain additional information abou...

    Authors: Diego Tamburini, Eric Breitung, Chika Mori, Tomoko Kotajima, Matthew L. Clarke and Blythe McCarthy
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:114
  11. The restoration of incomplete artifacts is important for presenting the value of artifacts. Even though the existing methods provide rich solutions for the restoration of artifacts, they may not be the ultimat...

    Authors: Chengquan Qiao, Wenwen Zhang, Decai Gong and Yuxuan Gong
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:110
  12. Variation in the trace element chemistry of cortical bone microstructure is delineated for interred and non-interred human femora. This was done to investigate the range of element concentrations that might oc...

    Authors: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, George R. Milner, Thomas Delbey, Lilian Skytte, Niels Lynnerup, Jørgen Lange Thomsen, Simone Schiavone, Marielva Torino, Lars Agersnap Larsen and Jesper Lier Boldsen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:111
  13. Bertoldo di Giovanni (ca. 1440–1491) was the primary sculptor and medal worker for Lorenzo the Magnificent (1449–1492). Despite being one of the most prominent Italian Renaissance artists working in Florence, ...

    Authors: Elena Basso, Federica Pozzi, Julia Day and Linda Borsch
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:109
  14. Tabia is one of the most widely used construction materials in ancient China. In this work, the tabia samples from three coastal defense fort sites at Zhejiang Province, China, we analyzed to determine their c...

    Authors: Cuisong Zhang, Bingjian Zhang, Biao Cui and Guocong Lin
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:108
  15. During a routine condition survey in 2007 at the Georgia O’Keeffe Museum in Santa Fe, micro-protrusions were found scattered across the surfaces of the artist’s oil paintings produced between 1920 and 1950. In...

    Authors: Annette S. Ortiz Miranda, Dale Kronkright and Marc Walton
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:107
  16. The strong lighting of the face against a dark background, the bold brushstroke and the model’s expressiveness that characterize Van Gogh’s Head of peasant, belonging to the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium ...

    Authors: Catherine Defeyt, Dominique Marechal, Francisca Vandepitte and David Strivay
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:104
  17. Since cleaning of artworks may cause undesirable physicochemical alterations and is a nonreversible procedure, it is mandatory to adopt the proper cleaning procedure. Such a procedure should remove undesired m...

    Authors: Ehab Al-Emam, Hilde Soenen, Joost Caen and Koen Janssens
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:106
  18. Three-dimensional (3D) digital technology is an essential conservation method that complements the traditional restoration technique of cultural artifacts. In this study, 3D scanning, virtual restoration model...

    Authors: Young Hoon Jo, Seonghyuk Hong, Seong Yeon Jo and Yoon Mi Kwon
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:103
  19. This paper summarises the current state of knowledge related to scarf and splice carpentry joints in flexural elements, also providing some examples of tensile joints. Descriptions and characteristics of these...

    Authors: Anna Karolak, Jerzy Jasieńko and Krzysztof Raszczuk
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:105
  20. This work investigated the techniques used for creating a three-dimensional stucco decoration. During the multidisciplinary project "The art and industry of Ticino plasterers from the sixteenth to the seventee...

    Authors: Marta Caroselli, Stefan Zumbühl, Giovanni Cavallo and Thierry Radelet
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:102
  21. While the urban rail transit systems have been developed rapidly, the nearby heritage buildings and historic sites are facing possible threats of unexpected damages. In particular, a rail project has a potenti...

    Authors: Qian Wang, Changming Yang, Lin Tian, Jiguang Lu, Fengwen Wu and Jianyong An
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:100
  22. The small panel of the ‘Crucifixion’ attributed to Giovanni (da Rimini) Baronzio is a perfect example of the artistic achievements of the so-called School of Rimini. Baronzio, active between 1320 and 1350, was...

    Authors: Svetlana Gasanova, Nikolas Bakirtzis, Dominique Levif-Martos and Sorin Hermon
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:99
  23. Photoacoustic (PA) imaging is a novel, rapidly expanding diagnostic technique, which has been predominately developed in the context of contemporary biomedical research studies. In this review, we demonstrate ...

    Authors: George J. Tserevelakis, Paraskevi Pouli and Giannis Zacharakis
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:98
  24. Microbubble disease observed in cellulose acetate microfilm is accompanied by the production of vinegar syndrome, which affects the image integrity. In the present study, samples of cellulose acetate microfilm...

    Authors: Zhihui Jia, Jing Li, Yuhu Li, Yunpeng Qi, Daodao Hu, Huiping Xing and Xiaolian Chao
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:97
  25. In this paper different scenarios for back protection of a canvas painting and their effect on the stability of the relative humidity behind the painting are tested. A painting on canvas, stretched on a wooden...

    Authors: Tim Padfield, Nicolas Padfield, Daniel Sang-Hoon Lee, Anne Thøgersen, Astrid Valbjørn Nielsen, Cecil Krarup Andersen and Mikkel Scharff
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:96
  26. The cathedral in Odense, Denmark, has for nine centuries held the relics of the Danish King St Canute the Holy and his brother Benedikt. They were both murdered in the predecessor church at the site in AD 1086...

    Authors: Poul Grinder-Hansen, Ulla Kjær, Morten Ryhl-Svendsen, Maria Perla Colombini, Ilaria Degano, Jacopo La Nasa, Francesca Sabatini, Johannes van der Plicht and Kaare Lund Rasmussen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:95
  27. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Ruth Ann Armitage, Daniel Fraser, Ilaria Degano and Maria Perla Colombini
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:94

    The original article was published in Heritage Science 2019 7:81

  28. Linqing brick is quite popular in Chinese history. Currently, identifying the origin of Linqing brick is an important issue to be studied in the field of archeology and architectural history in China. Hand-Hel...

    Authors: Zexuan Chen, Long Zhang, Feng Hou and Jialiang Xie
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:92
  29. Almost three hundred Spanish colonial missions—or their remains—are scattered over the vast state of Chihuahua in northern Mexico. A few of them still display painted decorations on the wood ceilings and walls...

    Authors: Edgar Casanova-González, Miguel Ángel Maynez-Rojas, Alejandro Mitrani, Isaac Rangel-Chávez, María Angélica García-Bucio, José Luis Ruvalcaba-Sil and Karla Muñoz-Alcócer
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:91
  30. As part of the NWO Science4Arts REVISRembrandt project (2012–2018), novel chemical imaging techniques were developed and applied to the study of Rembrandt’s late experimental painting technique (1651–1669). One o...

    Authors: A. van Loon, P. Noble, D. de Man, M. Alfeld, T. Callewaert, G. Van der Snickt, K. Janssens and J. Dik
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:90
  31. The effects of environmental and conservation management scenarios on the permanence of the historical book collections housed at the Classense Library (Ravenna, Italy) were investigated. Non-destructive mater...

    Authors: Floriana Coppola, Natalie Brown, Floriana Amicucci, Matija Strlič and Alberto Modelli
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:89
  32. An innovative survey was conducted of the collections of the historical Biblioteca Classense, located in the urban area of Ravenna (Northern Italy). The survey aimed to evaluate the current conservation state ...

    Authors: Natalie Brown, Floriana Coppola, Alberto Modelli, Floriana Amicucci, Dirk Lichtblau and Matija Strlič
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:88
  33. The Buddhist sacred site of Taya Caves is a gem hidden underground in Yokohama, Japan. The caves were excavated and sculpted into bare rock by Shingon Buddhist monks from the Kamakura until the Edo period (thi...

    Authors: Luigi Germinario, Chiaki T. Oguchi, Yasuhiko Tamura, Sohyun Ahn and Momoko Ogawa
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:87
  34. The Morgan Library & Museum, New York, owns twenty-five works on paper by the 18th-century English artist Thomas Gainsborough. Scholarly publications over the past 20 years, as well as Gainsborough’s own writi...

    Authors: Federica Pozzi, Julie Arslanoglu, Francesca Galluzzi, Caroline Tokarski and Reba Snyder
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:85
  35. Spectral imaging modalities, including reflectance and X-ray fluorescence, play an important role in conservation science. In reflectance hyperspectral imaging, the data are classified into areas having simila...

    Authors: Tania Kleynhans, Catherine M. Schmidt Patterson, Kathryn A. Dooley, David W. Messinger and John K. Delaney
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:84
  36. Waterlogged archaeological wood can present management challenges due to its vulnerability to chemical and biological decay, both during burial and post-excavation. Decay processes also often leave it severely...

    Authors: Kirsty E. High and Kirsty E. H. Penkman
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:83

    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2021 9:51

  37. A series of scientific methods (X-ray analyses, optical and electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and thermal analyses) was used to research the ceramic bodies and glazes of forty vessels from Renaissance Pr...

    Authors: Alexandra Kloužková, Martina Kohoutková, Mária Kolářová, Gabriela Blažková, Radka Šefců, Pavla Dvořáková and Martina Bajeux Kmoníčková
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:82
  38. Many of Central Park’s bronze statues were coated with lacquer as a protective measure between the late 1970s and early 1990s. In several cases, these coatings outlasted their performance life and were no long...

    Authors: Elena Basso, Federica Pozzi and Matthew C. Reiley
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:81
  39. Reigate Stone was used in high profile projects across London during a key growth period and represents an important chapter of architectural heritage. Historic Reigate masonry is subject to inherent variabili...

    Authors: Martin Michette, Heather Viles, Constantina Vlachou and Ian Angus
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:80
  40. The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, owns one of the largest motorized works made by the renowned American artist Alexander Calder, titled Half-Circle, Quarter-Circle, and Sphere. Created in 1932, and ac...

    Authors: Federica Pozzi, Julie Arslanoglu and Eleonora Nagy
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:79
  41. We report a simple histological study on skin biopsies from young domestic sheep following each step in transformation from skin to parchment production. During the recreation of historical parchment manufactu...

    Authors: Marc Fourneau, Caroline Canon, Daniel Van Vlaender, Matthew J. Collins, Sarah Fiddyment, Yves Poumay and Olivier Deparis
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:78
  42. This paper reports on the evaluation of a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) “twin-chain” polymer network (TC-PN) combined with an oil-in-water nanostructured fluid (NSF) for the removal of a polyvinyl acetate (PVAc) var...

    Authors: Luciano Pensabene Buemi, Maria Laura Petruzzellis, David Chelazzi, Michele Baglioni, Rosangela Mastrangelo, Rodorico Giorgi and Piero Baglioni
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:77
  43. During the Classical Period (300 BC–400 AD), the Indian Ocean emerged as one of the largest hubs of ancient international trade. For a long period, these contacts were described from a Rome-centric point of vi...

    Authors: Silvia Lischi, Eleonora Odelli, Jhashree L. Perumal, Jeannette J. Lucejko, Erika Ribechini, Marta Mariotti Lippi, Thirumalini Selvaraj, Maria Perla Colombini and Simona Raneri
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:76

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