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  1. The paper discusses the case study of the Marriage at Cana, a sixteenth century wall painting located in Ravenna and executed by Luca Longhi. A multi-analytical approach based upon OM, SEM–EDS, μ-Raman, μ-FTIR an...

    Authors: Flavia Fiorillo, Sara Fiorentino, Matteo Montanari, Camilla Roversi Monaco, Andrea Del Bianco and Mariangela Vandini
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:10
  2. Roy Lichtenstein’s Whaam! (1963) is an iconic artwork in Tate’s collection (T00897). Over the past 50 years, the painting has been on almost continuous display and had accrued a layer of deposited soiling, which ...

    Authors: Angelica Bartoletti, Rachel Barker, David Chelazzi, Nicole Bonelli, Piero Baglioni, Judith Lee, Lora V. Angelova and Bronwyn Ormsby
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:9

    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2020 8:41

  3. The Pyramids complex in Giza consists of three main pyramids in addition to the famous Sphinx and small queen’s pyramids. Recently, the pyramids of Cheops (Khufu), Chephren (Khafre) and Mykerinos (Menkaure) on...

    Authors: Sayed Hemeda and Alghreeb Sonbol
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:8
  4. This paper reports on activities carried out as part of a pre-conservation studies of the painting by Dmitry Levitsky, “The Portrait of F.P. Makerovsky in a Masquerade Costume” (1789, the State Tretyakov Galle...

    Authors: Nikolay P. Simonenko, Valentin R. Solovey, Kirill V. Shumikhin, Anna A. Lizunova, Stepan V. Lisovskii, Elena A. Liubavskaya, Tatyana V. Seregina, Irina G. Basova, Yulia B. Dyakonova, Tatiana L. Simonenko, Elizaveta P. Simonenko, Ivan A. Volkov, Yulian A. Khalturin and Viktor V. Ivanov
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:6
  5. Several FTIR techniques are surface-sensitive. This sensitivity can be utilized to help with a wide range conservation issues. Examples from object degradation studies, conservation materials performance asses...

    Authors: David Thickett and Boris Pretzel
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:5
  6. The ancient Chinese Jun Porcelain has of typical high fired calcium silicate glaze. After observation of Jun porcelain shards excavated from Juntai Kiln in Yuzhou, Henan Province, China, two pieces with light ...

    Authors: Zhimin Li, Ying Ma, Qinglin Ma, Jiachang Chen and Yan Song
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:2
  7. Maya blue is a hybrid pigment where an organic component, indigo, is incorporated in a porous clay. Despite its widespread use in the Mesoamerican artistic production and numerous studies devoted to understand...

    Authors: Chiara Grazia, David Buti, Anna Amat, Francesca Rosi, Aldo Romani, Davide Domenici, Antonio Sgamellotti and Costanza Miliani
    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:1
  8. The soft modelling of the skin tones in Vermeer’s Girl with a Pearl Earring (Mauritshuis) has been remarked upon by art historians, and is their main argument to date this painting to c. 1665. This paper describe...

    Authors: Annelies van Loon, Abbie Vandivere, John K. Delaney, Kathryn A. Dooley, Steven De Meyer, Frederik Vanmeert, Victor Gonzalez, Koen Janssens, Emilien Leonhardt, Ralph Haswell, Suzan de Groot, Paolo D’Imporzano and Gareth R. Davies
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:102
  9. In this paper we present the results of quantitative measurements on the pigment chrome yellow (PbCr1−xSxO4 with 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.8) using scanning electron microscopy-wavelength dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM–WDX). Tra...

    Authors: Muriel Geldof, Inez Dorothé van der Werf and Ralph Haswell
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:100
  10. Man-made ancient Chinese barium copper silicate pigments: Chinese (Han) Purple, BaCuSi2O6; Chinese (Han) Blue, BaCuSi4O10; Chinese Dark Blue, BaCu2Si2O7 (in summary called Chinese blues), and platelet-like crysta...

    Authors: Zhiguo Zhang, Qinglin Ma and Heinz Berke
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:97
  11. Object discoveries from the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum (PMA-B) in Poland challenge the efforts to preserve paint on corroded steel supports. The objects have been exposed to outdoor weathering conditions ...

    Authors: Gunn Pöllnitz, Manfred Schreiner, Wilfried Vetter, Bernhard Pichler and Andrzej Jastrzębiowski
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:98
  12. One of the two missing canvases from L’évidence éternelle of 1954, the one of the feet, has been discovered beneath a small woman portrait painted in 1958, La toile de Pénélope. Indeed, the underlying woman’s fee...

    Authors: Catherine Defeyt, Francisca Vandepitte, Elodie Herens and David Strivay
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:96
  13. The conservation of polymer-based cultural heritage is a major concern for collecting institutions internationally. Collections include a range of different polymers, each with its own degradation processes an...

    Authors: Julianne Bell, Petronella Nel and Barbara Stuart
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:95
  14. The Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division holds a large collection of Edo period (1615–1868) nishiki-e, Japanese multicolored woodblock prints. The sensitivities of some of the traditional colorants...

    Authors: Tana Villafana and Gwenanne Edwards
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:94
  15. Fiber optics reflectance spectroscopy (FORS) is commonly used to non-invasively identify madder- and cochineal-based pigments on works of art, but the significant shifts sometimes observed in the position of t...

    Authors: Beatriz Fonseca, Catherine Schmidt Patterson, Monica Ganio, Douglas MacLennan and Karen Trentelman
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:92
  16. Efforts to read medieval manuscript waste recycled as bookbinding material in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries have resulted in the chemical analysis of four books housed at the University Library of So...

    Authors: Thomas Delbey, Jakob Povl Holck, Bjarke Jørgensen, Alexandra Alvis, Vanessa Haight Smith, Gwénaëlle M. Kavich, Kimberly A. Harmon, Bertil Fabricius Dorch and Kaare Lund Rasmussen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:91
  17. A seventeenth-century canvas painting is usually comprised of varnish and (translucent) paint layers on a substrate. A viewer’s perception of a work of art can be affected by changes in and damages to these la...

    Authors: Willemijn S. Elkhuizen, Tom W. J. Callewaert, Emilien Leonhardt, Abbie Vandivere, Yu Song, Sylvia C. Pont, Jo M. P. Geraedts and Joris Dik
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:89
  18. Fundamental restoration of sculptures must include the research of pollution composition and exhibit surface condition as well as accurate identification of the materials of sculptures, bas-reliefs and coating...

    Authors: V. M. Pozhidaev, V. M. Retivov, A. V. Kamaev, S. K. Belus, A. S. Nartov, V. A. Rastorguev, I. V. Borodin, E. Y. Tereschenko, R. A. Sandu, E. B. Yatsishina and M. V. Kovalchuk
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:90
  19. In this paper we analyzed a batch of 64 clay weights from three archaeological sites located in Romania (Gumelniţa, Măgura-Jilava, and Sultana) that belong to Kodjadermen-Gumelniţa-Karanovo VI cultural complex...

    Authors: Bogdan Manea, Mircea Lechintan, Gabriel Popescu, Theodor Ignat, Vasile Opriş, Florin Constantin, Mădălina Dimache, Valentin Parnic, Roxana Bugoi and Cătălin Lazăr
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:88
  20. Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) has become an invaluable tool for the identification of colorants in artworks, due to its enhanced sensitivity and ability to quench fluorescence interference compared ...

    Authors: Abeer Alyami, Antonio Mirabile and Daniela Iacopino
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:87
  21. In this paper, optical microscopy, SEM–EDS, Raman and FT-IR analyses were used to investigate different types of corrosion product between layers of glaze and body of Kraak porcelain objects that were excavate...

    Authors: Jingnan Du, Wugan Luo, Naisheng Li and Changsui Wang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:85
  22. The availability and popularity of portable non-invasive instrumentation for the study of paintings has increased due to a shift away from using micro-invasive techniques. Fourier transform infrared spectrosco...

    Authors: Thierry Ford, Adriana Rizzo, Ella Hendriks, Tine Frøysaker and Francesco Caruso
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:84
  23. The spontaneous chemical alteration of artists’ pigment materials may be caused by several degradation processes. Some of these are well known while others are still in need of more detailed investigation and ...

    Authors: Jonas Simoen, Steven De Meyer, Frederik Vanmeert, Nouchka de Keyser, Ermanno Avranovich, Geert Van der Snickt, Annelies Van Loon, Katrien Keune and Koen Janssens
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:83
  24. This work presents the results of the evaluation of two Art Nouveau glass windows from the Casa-Museu Dr. Anastácio Gonçalves (Lisbon, Portugal) with IR-thermography during the summer solstice. According to the m...

    Authors: Teresa Palomar, Miguel Silva, Marcia Vilarigues, Isabel Pombo Cardoso and David Giovannacci
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:82
  25. Yarn samples from the Saltzman Collection of Peruvian dyes were characterized by several different analytical techniques: high performance liquid chromatography with both diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) and e...

    Authors: Ruth Ann Armitage, Daniel Fraser, Ilaria Degano and Maria Perla Colombini
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:81

    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2020 8:94

  26. An unidentified white substance was observed on the exterior parts of the southern side of Hopperstad Stave Church, located in Vik in Sogn and Fjordane (Norway). One of the 28 remaining stave churches in the c...

    Authors: Marit Lehne, Sara Mantellato, Asel Maria Aguilar Sanchez and Francesco Caruso
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:80
  27. Spectral images were captured of paper samples varnished with two water-soluble materials: gum arabic and egg white. The samples were submitted to degradation processes that partially or totally eliminated the...

    Authors: M. Martínez Domingo, E. Valero, R. Huertas, M. Durbán, T. Espejo and R. Blanc
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:79
  28. Alum-treatment was extensively applied to archaeological wood from the Oseberg collection in the early 1900s, and was a common conservation method at the time involving impregnating objects with hot concentrat...

    Authors: Caitlin M. A. McQueen, Jeannette J. Łucejko, Ingrid M. T. Flåte, Francesca Modugno and Susan Braovac
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:78
  29. Historically, sutras played an important role in spreading Buddhist faith and doctrine, and today these remain important records of Buddhist thought and culture. A Mahamayuri Vidyarajni Sutra with polychrome pain...

    Authors: Liu Liu, Decai Gong, Zhengquan Yao, Liangjie Xu, Zhanyun Zhu and Tonia Eckfeld
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:77
  30. This study explores the evolution of the manufacturing process of artificial arsenic sulfide pigments in Edo-period Japan through the analysis of three impressions of the same print dated from the 1830s and at...

    Authors: Marc Vermeulen and Marco Leona
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:73
  31. Historical museums and depositories contain collections with a number of lead objects or historical documents with lead seals. Lead is a metal which has good corrosion resistance under atmospheric conditions. ...

    Authors: Sarka Msallamova, Milan Kouril, Kristyna Charlotte Strachotova, Jan Stoulil, Kateryna Popova, Pavla Dvorakova and Miloslav Lhotka
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:76
  32. The successful study and conservation of historical objects is greatly enhanced by accurate materials analysis. Here embedded cross-sections from a processional marching banner were viewed by scanning electron...

    Authors: M. J. Smith, T. Schmidt, K. Thompson and M. Dixon
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:74
  33. The site of Habaqila is located in the area between Inner Mongolia and Liaoning provinces and dated to the 13th–11th centuries BC. It was identified as a metal production workshop of the Lower Xiajiadian Cultu...

    Authors: Chenyuan Li, Yanxiang Li, Lixin Wang, Kunlong Chen and Siran Liu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:75
  34. The background of Vermeer’s Girl with a Pearl Earring (c. 1665, Mauritshuis) has, until recently, been interpreted as a flat dark space. The painting was examined in 2018 as part of the research project The Girl ...

    Authors: Abbie Vandivere, Annelies van Loon, Tom Callewaert, Ralph Haswell, Art Ness Proaño Gaibor, Henk van Keulen, Emilien Leonhardt and Joris Dik
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:69
  35. Paintings and painted objects are quite susceptible to degradation, as paint layers are usually composed of complex mixtures of materials that can participate in chemical degradation processes. The identificat...

    Authors: Eric J. Henderson, Kate Helwig, Stuart Read and Scott M. Rosendahl
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:71
  36. The original firing temperatures of porcelain pieces unearthed from Tengxian Zhonghe kiln, Rongxian Chengguan kiln, Beiliu Lingdong kiln and Guiping Xishan kiln from the Song Dynasty (960–1279AD) of Guangxi we...

    Authors: Yongdong Tong and Changming Wang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:70
  37. The use of non-invasive macroscopic imaging techniques is becoming more prevalent in the field of cultural heritage, especially to avoid invasive procedures that damage valuable artworks. For this purpose, an ...

    Authors: Steven De Meyer, Frederik Vanmeert, Rani Vertongen, Annelies van Loon, Victor Gonzalez, Geert van der Snickt, Abbie Vandivere and Koen Janssens
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:67
  38. Leather artefacts in historical collections and old leather bookbindings in archives and libraries frequently show a variety of visible changes which alter their appearance and ability to be used, such as powd...

    Authors: Elena Badea, Cristina Carşote, Emanuel Hadîmbu, Claudiu Șendrea and Maria-Cristina Lupaș
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:68
  39. The initial steps that Johannes Vermeer took to create Girl with a Pearl Earring (c. 1665) are, partially or completely, hidden beneath the painted surface. Vermeer’s painting technique involved applying underlay...

    Authors: Abbie Vandivere, Annelies van Loon, Kathryn A. Dooley, Ralph Haswell, Robert G. Erdmann, Emilien Leonhardt and John K. Delaney
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:64
  40. Girl with a Pearl Earring by Johannes Vermeer (c. 1665) is the most beloved painting in the collection of the Mauritshuis in The Hague, The Netherlands. The Girl was last examined during a 1994 restoration treatm...

    Authors: Abbie Vandivere, Jørgen Wadum, Klaas Jan van den Berg and Annelies van Loon
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:66
  41. After the publication of the original article [1], the authors identified two errors in Table 1.

    Authors: Douglas MacLennan, Laura Llewellyn, John K. Delaney, Kathryn A. Dooley, Catherine Schmidt Patterson, Yvonne Szafran and Karen Trentelman
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:65

    The original article was published in Heritage Science 2019 7:25

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