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  1. The potential of Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy, to inform the study and conservation of mineralised excavated textiles is discussed, highlighted by two case studies of 5th c. BCE finds. I...

    Authors: Christina Margariti
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:63
  2. The exploitation of natural sources and later synthetic molecules to generate blue to purple coloration in textiles has a long history in the dyer’s craft. Natural indigoids such as indigo, woad, and Tyrian or...

    Authors: Gregory Dale Smith, Victor J. Chen, Amanda Holden, Melinda H. Keefe and Shannon G. Lieb
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:62
  3. Using fire experiments, we investigate claims that black organic residues on lithics found in Stone Age sites are markers for heat treatment of rocks in the embers of aboveground wood fires. We buried sedges o...

    Authors: Lyn Wadley, Susan Luong, Christine Sievers and Linda Prinsloo
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:59
  4. Here we first report a piece of K2O–PbO–SiO2 ancient glass opacified by fluorite dendrites with archaeological background. This piece of glass was excavated from Nanhai I shipwreck, a merchant ship once heading f...

    Authors: Yihang Zhou, Yuewen Jin, Kai Wang, Jian Sun, Yong Cui and Dongbo Hu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:56
  5. For the last 30 years, the cultural heritage sector has undertaken research into pesticide residues in museum objects. However, quantitative studies of volatile residues remain scarce. This research presents a...

    Authors: Fabiana Portoni, Josep Grau-Bové and Matija Strlič
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:58
  6. Red is undoubtedly one of the principal colors in Iranian carpets. During the twentieth century, a golden era for Iranian carpet production and export industry, madder was still one of the primary constituents...

    Authors: Zohreh Chahardoli, Ina Vanden Berghe and Rocco Mazzeo
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:57
  7. Fragments of painted limestone reliefs from the Palace of Apries in Upper Egypt excavated by Flinders Petrie in 1908–1910 have been investigated using visible-induced luminescence imaging, micro X-ray fluoresc...

    Authors: Signe Buccarella Hedegaard, Thomas Delbey, Cecilie Brøns and Kaare Lund Rasmussen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:54
  8. Although the fully grouted tension anchorage system (T-anchorage system) has been widely used in the field of anchoring of earthen heritage sites, it has always suffered from the failure of the bolt–slurry int...

    Authors: Donghua Wang, Kai Cui, Guopeng Wu, Fei Feng and Xiangpeng Yu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:52
  9. In-depth technical and art historical research into Jan Steen’s (ca. 1626–1679) oeuvre has been a focus at the Mauritshuis since 2012, as part of the Partners in Science collaboration with Shell. The aim of th...

    Authors: Marya Albrecht, Onno de Noord, Sabrina Meloni, Annelies van Loon and Ralph Haswell
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:53
  10. Deacidification is an established conservation treatment for the prolongation of the acidic paper stability. Several different deacidification systems are in use today, such as the dispersions of alkaline nano...

    Authors: Jasna Malešič, Mariša Kadivec, Matjaž Kunaver, Tina Skalar and Irena Kralj Cigić
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:50
  11. Polyurethane (PUR) shoe soles from collections held by the Alfred Gillett Trust, stored for up to 50 years, were analysed for the presence of 4,4′-diaminodiphenylmethane (4,4′-MDA)—a substance of very high con...

    Authors: Robert Tillotson, Timothy E. Crumplin, Graham J. Jones, George Marshall and Joe Dawson
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:49
  12. Nowadays the use of laser technology as a highly precise tool for the cleaning of paintings is gaining ground. The development of a non-invasive analytical protocol aimed at thorough assessment of the treated ...

    Authors: Patrizia Moretti, Magdalena Iwanicka, Kristalia Melessanaki, Evdoxia Dimitroulaki, Olga Kokkinaki, Melissa Daugherty, Marcin Sylwestrzak, Paraskevi Pouli, Piotr Targowski, Klaas Jan van den Berg, Laura Cartechini and Costanza Miliani
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:44
  13. The artist Odilon Redon (1840–1916) was a French symbolist known for both the dark, surreal prints and drawings he created in the first half of his career, as well as the colorful pastel works that characteriz...

    Authors: Nathan S. Daly, Michelle Sullivan, Lynn Lee, John K. Delaney and Karen Trentelman
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:43
  14. We describe a procedure for ascertaining the extent of diagenesis in archaeological human skeletons through the distribution of Sr, Ba, Cu, Pb, Fe, and Mn in cross-sections of femoral cortical bone. Element ma...

    Authors: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, George Milner, Lilian Skytte, Niels Lynnerup, Jørgen Lange Thomsen and Jesper Lier Boldsen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:41
  15. Paraloid® is one of the most frequently used acrylic polymers, employed mainly for its adhesive and consolidating properties in the conservation of a wide range of materials. Appreciated for its reversibility, me...

    Authors: Armand Vinçotte, Emmie Beauvoit, Nicolas Boyard and Elodie Guilminot
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:42
  16. When rain impacts a building façade, it is essential that once it has entered, it leaves by evaporation to help the building dry out. Accumulation of moisture can lead to internal dampness, mould and decay of ...

    Authors: Lucie Fusade, Scott Allan Orr, Chris Wood, Meriel O’Dowd and Heather Viles
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:38
  17. Biocodicology, the study of the biological information stored in manuscripts, offers the possibility of interrogating manuscripts in novel ways. Exploring the biological data associated to parchment documents ...

    Authors: Sarah Fiddyment, Matthew D. Teasdale, Jiří Vnouček, Élodie Lévêque, Annelise Binois and Matthew J. Collins
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:35
  18. The fuel residues in two bronze lamps excavated from Haihunhou Tomb in the Han Dynasty, in Jiangxi Province, China, were studied in this paper. The techniques of Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy...

    Authors: Huarui Han, Shuya Wei, Jun Yang, Li Guan and Wenhuan Li
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:37
  19. In this research, we propose an advanced system for the cleaning of wax-based coatings applied on indoor bronzes. To this aim we developed a new kind of eco-friendly gel based on PHB (poly-3-hydroxybutyrate) u...

    Authors: Jia Yiming, Giorgia Sciutto, Silvia Prati, Emilio Catelli, Monica Galeotti, Simone Porcinai, Laura Mazzocchetti, Chiara Samorì, Paola Galletti, Loris Giorgini, Emilio Tagliavini and Rocco Mazzeo
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:34
  20. Many Middle Stone Age sites in South Africa yielded hundreds, even thousands, of ochre pieces sometimes showing use traces. Less attention has been paid to the tools used for their processing. Here, seven tool...

    Authors: Marine Wojcieszak and Lyn Wadley
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:24
  21. The city of Nájera, located in the north of the Iberian Peninsula, hosts an alcazar of Arab origin, which became the residence of the king of Pamplona-Nájera and later of the duke and duchess of Nájera. From t...

    Authors: Estefania Calparsoro, Uxue Sanchez-Garmendia, Gorka Arana, Maite Maguregui and Javier G. Iñañez
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:33
  22. The impact of solvent exposure on oil paintings and the differences between solvent application methods are longstanding topics in cleaning studies. Solvent exposure is ideally kept to a minimum, because solve...

    Authors: Lambert Baij, Alina Astefanei, Joen Hermans, Francine Brinkhuis, Heleen Groenewegen, Louise Chassouant, Sofia Johansson, Garry Corthals, Caroline Tokarski, Piet Iedema and Katrien Keune
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:31
  23. Chloride ions are an important actor in the corrosion of iron-based archaeological artifact. To stop this degradation, excavated objects are subjected to dechlorination treatment. However, there is no guarante...

    Authors: Mathieu Jacot-Guillarmod, Katharina Schmidt-Ott, David Mannes, Anders Kaestner, Eberhard Lehmann and Claire Gervais
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:29
  24. A water based epoxy–silica consolidant and variants of the same consolidant containing silica nanoparticles (NP) were applied to Globigerina Limestone (GL) blocks by brushing and full immersion techniques. The...

    Authors: Sophie M. Briffa and Daniel A. Vella
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:30
  25. Many objects of culture heritage, comprised of leather, need to receive the right treatment to be restored and to elongate their lifespan. Determination of the degradation degree and even better the type of th...

    Authors: Gabriela Vyskočilová, Matthäa Ebersbach, Radka Kopecká, Lubomír Prokeš and Jiří Příhoda
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:26
  26. The size, shape, and application techniques of gold leaf in fourteenth- and fifteenth-century gold ground panel paintings attributed to artists working in Florence, Siena, and Fabriano was directly visualized ...

    Authors: Douglas MacLennan, Laura Llewellyn, John K. Delaney, Kathryn A. Dooley, Catherine Schmidt Patterson, Yvonne Szafran and Karen Trentelman
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:25

    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2019 7:65

  27. A series of Burmese lacquered objects decorated with the yun (incised) technique and belonging to the British Museum’s collection was analysed with the aim to investigate the decorative materials—lacquer, binding...

    Authors: Diego Tamburini, Verena Kotonski, Anna Lluveras-Tenorio, Maria Perla Colombini and Alexandra Green
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:28
  28. This work highlights the rediscovery of the technique of reverse glass painting by the artists of the “Blaue Reiter” collective in the early 20th-century and focusses particularly on the role of Wassily Kandin...

    Authors: Simon Steger, Diana Oesterle, Simone Bretz, Lisa Frenzel, Heike Stege, Iris Winkelmeyer, Oliver Hahn and Gisela Geiger
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:27
  29. This study concerns the assessment of a new polyvinyl alcohol–borax/agarose blend hydrogel (PVA–B/AG) tailored for the conservation of ancient Egyptian wall paintings. The increasing problems of deteriorated c...

    Authors: Ehab Al-Emam, Abdel Ghafour Motawea, Koen Janssens and Joost Caen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:22
  30. In illuminated manuscripts, a reliable identification of oxyanion pigments such as azurite by rFTIR is simple, as several combination and overtone bands are strongly enhanced compared to transmission mode. How...

    Authors: Wilfried Vetter, Irene Latini and Manfred Schreiner
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:21
  31. The nature printing technique was designed for the electrotyping reproduction of leaves and other natural products. Authentic impressions could be performed by inserting leaves between two lead plates or press...

    Authors: Valentina Ljubić Tobisch, Albina Selimović, Anna Artaker, Martin Klobassa and Wolfgang Kautek
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:20
  32. In this paper, a sword is investigated from a collection of archaeological iron swords displayed in the Egyptian Museum from the civilization centered on Ballana and Qustul in Egyptian Nubia (380–600 A.D.). A ...

    Authors: Yussri Salem, Omid Oudbashi and Doaa Eid
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:19
  33. Lead used to be a common material for setting seal to historical documents. Lead seals formed parts of historical documents as a guarantee of their legal validity. Disinfectants are commonly used during the re...

    Authors: Sarka Msallamova, Milan Kouril, Kristyna Charllote Strachotova, Jan Stoulil, Kateryna Popova and Pavla Dvorakova
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:18
  34. In conservation science, the identification of painting materials is fundamental for the study of artists’ palettes, for dating and for understanding on-going degradation phenomena. For these purposes, the stu...

    Authors: Alessia Artesani, Marta Ghirardello, Sara Mosca, Austin Nevin, Gianluca Valentini and Daniela Comelli
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:17
  35. This review addresses the use of computational fluid dynamics for the interpretation and preservation of heritage. Fluid dynamic simulations in the heritage field focus mostly on slow air movement in indoor sp...

    Authors: Josep Grau-Bové, Luca Mazzei, Matija Strlic and May Cassar
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:16
  36. Liquid chromatography with UV–Vis and mass spectrometric detection (LC–DAD–MS) was applied to the identification of dyes and biological sources in samples from nineteenth to twentieth century ethnographic text...

    Authors: Irina Petroviciu, Iulia Teodorescu, Florin Albu, Marian Virgolici, Eugenia Nagoda and Andrei Medvedovici
    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:15

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