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  1. Valvasor's library is a unique example of a Seventeenth century personal library, including over 7300 prints and 1530 books. Today, it is kept in the Metropolitan Library of the Zagreb Archdiocese which is par...

    Authors: Andreja Dragojević, Diana Gregor-Svetec, Jedert Vodopivec Tomažič and Branka Lozo

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:35

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. This work presents the first proof of concept for the use of molecular fluorescence signatures in medieval colours based on lac dye and brazilwood lake pigments. These two important medieval dyes were tested a...

    Authors: Paula Nabais, Maria J. Melo, João A. Lopes, Márcia Vieira, Rita Castro and Aldo Romani

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:32

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Recent archaeological excavations carried out in the western suburbs of Cordoba (Spain) brought to light numerous fragments of archaeological glass from the caliphal period (929–1031 CE). The typological and c...

    Authors: Jorge De Juan Ares, Yasmina Cáceres Gutiérrez, Maudilio Moreno Almenara and Nadine Schibille

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:31

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Environmental changes and human activities can cause serious degradation of murals, where sootiness is one of the most common problems of ancient Chinese indoor murals. In order to improve the visual quality o...

    Authors: Ning Cao, Shuqiang Lyu, Miaole Hou, Wanfu Wang, Zhenhua Gao, Ahmed Shaker and Youqiang Dong

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:30

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Nanoindentation and dynamic mechanical analysis were used to measure changes in the surface and bulk mechanical properties of Winsor & Newton Yellow Ochre oil paint films following exposure to deionized water,...

    Authors: Ashley Amanda Freeman, Judith Lee, Cecil Krarup Andersen, Naoki Fujisawa, Michał Łukomski and Bronwyn Ormsby

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:28

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The hollowing deterioration of stone relics required effective non-destructive testing (NDT) methods for their timely restoration and maintenance. To this end, a new NDT method based on terahertz (THz) technol...

    Authors: Tianhua Meng, Rong Huang, Yuhe Lu, Hongmei Liu, Jianguang Ren, Guozhong Zhao and Weidong Hu

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:24

    Content type: Research article

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  7. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, Johannes van der Plicht, Jacopo La Nasa, Erika Ribechini, Maria Perla Colombini, Thomas Delbey, Lilian Skytte, Simone Schiavone, Ulla Kjær, Poul Grinder-Hansen and Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:23

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Heritage Science 2021 9:14

  8. This work presents the first results of the iconographic study and analytical characterisation of a set of four stained-glass panels that are part of the collection of National Palace of Pena (Sintra, Portugal...

    Authors: Alexandra Rodrigues, Mathilda Coutinho, Andreia Machado, Bruno A. Martinho, Luís Cerqueira Alves, Maria Filomena Macedo and Márcia Vilarigues

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:22

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The hare’s fur glazed Jian wares characterized by radial fur-like strips, as one of the typical representatives of Chinese ceramics in the 10th-13th century (A.D.), were famous for the aesthetic values in high...

    Authors: Ming Guan, Baoqiang Kang, Xiangjun Wei, Gen Li, Cui Jia, He Li, Yinzhong Ding and Yong Lei

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:21

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Scientific imaging of a large fragile work of art can be especially challenging, but especially rewarding to better grasp the complexity and changes that have occurred during its creation and lifetime. Here, n...

    Authors: Matthew L. Clarke, Francesca Gabrieli, Kathryn L. Rowberg, Andrew Hare, Jiro Ueda, Blythe McCarthy and John K. Delaney

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:20

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. Acetic acid and formic acid are volatile pollutants leading to degradation of some heritage materials. They are usually determined in museum environments with various types of passive samplers. In this work, S...

    Authors: Ida Kraševec, Eva Menart, Matija Strlič and Irena Kralj Cigić

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:19

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Alberto Sánchez, José Tuñón, Manuel Montejo, Pilar Amate, Bautista Ceprián, Anastasia Rousaki, Mafalda Costa, Delphine Saelens, Sylvia Lycke and Peter Vandenabeele

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:18

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Heritage Science 2021 9:8

  13. The Valley of the Kings (KV) is a UNESCO world heritage site with more than thirty opened tombs. Since the first tombs were constructed, at least 24 historical flash flood events has been identified, each of w...

    Authors: Sayed Hemeda

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:17

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The Thannhauser Collection of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, represents an important survey of European avant-garde art production during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Among the works in...

    Authors: Federica Pozzi, Elena Basso, Silvia A. Centeno, Louisa M. Smieska, Nobuko Shibayama, Roy Berns, Megan Fontanella and Lena Stringari

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:15

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Textiles are valuable cultural heritage items that are susceptible to several degradation processes due to their sensitive nature, such as the case of ancient ma colored-paintings. Therefore, it is important t...

    Authors: Jiaojiao Liu, Yuhu Li, Daodao Hu, Huiping Xing, Xiaolian Chao, Jing Cao and Zhihui Jia

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:13

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2021 9:38

  16. Two types of materials were sampled as part of an investigation of the relics of the Holy Catholic Church of the Apostles St Philip and St James in the Basilica dei Santi Apostoli in Rome: bone- and mummy-mate...

    Authors: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, Johannes van der Plicht, Jacopo La Nasa, Erika Ribechini, Maria Perla Colombini, Thomas Delbey, Lilian Skytte, Simone Schiavone, Ulla Kjær, Poul Grinder-Hansen and Lautaro Roig Lanzillotta

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:14

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2021 9:23

  17. As a royal temple, the Fengguo Temple has profound historical, artistic, scientific and social values. With a thousand-year history, it is one of the three existing temples of the Liao Dynasty in China. Now th...

    Authors: Jiahang Song, Wei Xiang, Shaojun Yan, Weiqiang Zhou and Linyan Ma

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:12

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. The paper presents the results of experimental testing of six masonry rings built to technical scale and strengthened with CFRP strips and sheets and also with an FRCM system with PBO, glass, basalt and carbon...

    Authors: Jerzy Jasieńko, Krzysztof Raszczuk, Piotr Frąckiewicz, Kajetan Kleszcz and Łukasz Bednarz

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:11

    Content type: Research article

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  19. A bronze kettle dating from the 1st to 2nd century was found in a riverbed of the Kupa river in Croatia. After excavation it spent another 50 years in a depot of a museum in atmospheric conditions prior to sta...

    Authors: Marta Kotlar, Nives Matijaković Mlinarić, Vladan Desnica and Katarina Marušić

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:10

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Guangzhou Tongcao paintings in Qing Dynasty of China witnessed the exchange of economy, culture, art and technology between China and foreign countries, which were an important export product in historical China....

    Authors: Chan Zhang, Jianbin Huang, Tiequan Zhu and Rongling Zhang

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:9

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. This paper discusses results obtained from in situ analysis of the tesserae of the Roman mosaic of Los Amores (Cástulo site, Linares, Spain) dating back to the turn of the 1st to the 2nd century AD. Specifical...

    Authors: Alberto Sánchez, José Tuñón, Manuel Montejo, Pilar Amate, Bautista Ceprián, Anastasia Rousaki, Mafalda Costa, Delphine Saelens, Sylvia Lycke and Peter Vandenabeele

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:8

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2021 9:18

  22. The thermal environment and microclimate of heritage sites has been severely impacted by rapid urbanization. This study collected various meteorological measurement data as a reference for computational fluid ...

    Authors: Xiaoyu Wang, Peng Liu and Gongwen Xu

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:7

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Shenzhen is a modern metropolis, but it hides a variety of valuable cultural heritage, such as ancient murals. How to effectively preserve and repair the murals is a worthy of discussion question. Here, we pro...

    Authors: Jiao Li, Huan Wang, Zhiqin Deng, Mingtao Pan and Honghai Chen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:6

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The aim of this study is to gain specific information on the water vapour interaction with archaeological and ethnographic birch bark. Water is involved in a number of curative and preventive conservation meas...

    Authors: Johanna Klügl and Giovanna Di Pietro

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. With exquisite design and unique style, the painted sculptures of Tutang Buddha and two attendants Buddha in Jingyin Temple are precious cultural heritages of China. The sculpture of Tutang Buddha, which was c...

    Authors: Xiaojian Bai, Chen Jia, Zhigen Chen, Yuxuan Gong, Huwei Cheng and Jiayue Wang

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:2

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. In this study, we evaluated the ease of removal of soot layers from ancient wall paintings by employing double network gels as a controllable and safe cleaning method. The ceiling of the temple of Seti I (Abyd...

    Authors: Ehab Al-Emam, Abdel Ghafour Motawea, Joost Caen and Koen Janssens

    Citation: Heritage Science 2021 9:1

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. The Hetian Bizili site in Lop County, located on the southern route of the Silk Road in Xinjiang, China, was a trade and cultural hub between the East and the West in ancient times. In 2016, a large number of ...

    Authors: Dong Wang, Rui Wen, Julian Henderson, Xingjun Hu and Wenying Li

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:127

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. The formation of metal oxalates in paintings has recently gained a great deal of interest within the field of heritage science as several types of oxalate compounds have been identified in oil paintings. The p...

    Authors: Kim Pilkjær Simonsen, Josephine Niemann Poulsen, Frederik Vanmeert, Morten Ryhl-Svendsen, Jesper Bendix, Jana Sanyova, Koen Janssens and Francisco Mederos-Henry

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:126

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Establishing and understanding large format paintings are key to provide accurate information about the artist’s palette and developing conservation strategies. Therefore, investigating the artworks of a popul...

    Authors: Geraldine Conejo-Barboza, Eduardo Libby, Carmen Marín and O. A. Herrera-Sancho

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:125

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. The recent discovery of the Sphinx Room, belonging to the Domus Aurea Esquiline wing, thanks to the framework given by the project “Non-destructive analytical studies at Parco Archeologico del Colosseo (Rome, Ita...

    Authors: Maria Cristina Caggiani, Alessia Coccato, Paolo Mazzoleni, Alessandro D’Alessio, Alfonsina Russo and Germana Barone

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:124

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. The object of this study is a wide selection of dyed cotton and camelid samples from an important collection of 2000-year-old Paracas textiles, now at the Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia...

    Authors: Francesca Sabatini, Martina Bacigalupo, Ilaria Degano, Anna Javér and Marei Hacke

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:122

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. In this study, a painted beehive panel from the collection of the Slovene Ethnographic Museum was examined with respect to its material composition with the aim to reveal the painting technique. Due to the sta...

    Authors: Klara Retko, Maša Kavčič, Lea Legan, Polonca Ropret, Bojana Rogelj Škafar, Yingwang Gao, John Gilchrist, Matija Strlič and Irena Kralj Cigić

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:120

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. In the previous paper (Part I), the colorimetry and interferometric microscopy measurements on modern gold leaf models have revealed that the visual appearance of a gilded surface, both burnished and unburnish...

    Authors: Qing Wu, Max Döbeli, Tiziana Lombardo, Katharina Schmidt-Ott, Benjamin Watts, Frithjof Nolting and David Ganz

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:119

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. In the history of medieval gilding, a common view has been circulated for centuries that the substrate colour can influence the visual appearance of a gilded surface. In order to fully understand the correlati...

    Authors: Qing Wu, Meret Hauldenschild, Benedikt Rösner, Tiziana Lombardo, Katharina Schmidt-Ott, Benjamin Watts, Frithjof Nolting and David Ganz

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:118

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. In this study, in order to analyze the materials and techniques used for the production of the inscribed plaques, multi-analytical scientific approach, including optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron micr...

    Authors: Liping Zheng, Liqin Wang, Xing Zhao, Jiali Yang, Mengxia Zhang and Yunfu Wang

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:116

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Two mass spectrometry (MS) methods, solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography (SPME–GC–MS) and direct analysis in real time (DART-MS), have been explored to investigate widespread efflorescence observed o...

    Authors: Alba Alvarez-Martin, John George, Emily Kaplan, Lauren Osmond, Leah Bright, G. Asher Newsome, Rebecca Kaczkowski, Frederik Vanmeert, Gwénaëlle Kavich and Susan Heald

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:115

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. A key issue in understanding artefacts from the past is the loss of readability of the signs they may have borne. The two 16th-century musical instruments studied here—rare Italian violins made by Andrea Amati (c...

    Authors: Marie Radepont, Jean-Philippe Échard, Matthias Ockermüller, Hortense de la Codre and Oulfa Belhadj

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:112

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. This study focuses on the dye analysis of 26 ikat textiles present in the collection of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery and originally collected by Dr. Guido Goldman with the aim to gain additional information abou...

    Authors: Diego Tamburini, Eric Breitung, Chika Mori, Tomoko Kotajima, Matthew L. Clarke and Blythe McCarthy

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:114

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. The restoration of incomplete artifacts is important for presenting the value of artifacts. Even though the existing methods provide rich solutions for the restoration of artifacts, they may not be the ultimat...

    Authors: Chengquan Qiao, Wenwen Zhang, Decai Gong and Yuxuan Gong

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:110

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Variation in the trace element chemistry of cortical bone microstructure is delineated for interred and non-interred human femora. This was done to investigate the range of element concentrations that might oc...

    Authors: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, George R. Milner, Thomas Delbey, Lilian Skytte, Niels Lynnerup, Jørgen Lange Thomsen, Simone Schiavone, Marielva Torino, Lars Agersnap Larsen and Jesper Lier Boldsen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:111

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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