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  1. ‘Fingerprint’ identification is the key to turquoise provenance studies, but previous studies have met with limited success in China. Turquoises in China mainly occur in altered sedimentary rocks and are forme...

    Authors: Yiheng Xian, Yun Liang, Chun Yu, Liping Yang and Yanwang Wu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:236
  2. Oral history indicates that a large wooden trough held in storage at the University of Kentucky’s William S. Webb Museum of Anthropology was a component of the saltpeter mining operation in Mammoth Cave in the...

    Authors: Katharine G. Napora, George M. Crothers, Carla S. Hadden, Lisa Guerre, Laura J. Waldman, Hugo Reyes-Centeno, James Keppeler, Madeline Imler, Edward Jakaitis, Alexander Metz and Philip B. Mink
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:235
  3. The gradual loss of certain good cultural genes in the traditional ritual system is, to some extent, driven by the value orientation of the art of ancestral hall decoration. This article uses wall paintings as...

    Authors: Weicong Li, Huabin Lv, Yueling Liu, Simin Chen and Wenwen Shi
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:234
  4. The article describes the revolutionary new ways of communicating the written word when moving from the Medieval to Modern period in Europe, primarily the use of paper and moveable typeface printing and how th...

    Authors: Richard G Brereton
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:233
  5. The fossils of Hamipterus tianshanensis (Wang et al. in Curr Biol 24:1323–1330, 2014) and their eggs have important scientific significance because they can provide unique information about the reproduction, deve...

    Authors: Ying Li, Yimin Yang, Xiaolin Wang and Wugan Luo
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:232
  6. We have recently studied northern Finnish archaeological textiles extensively using computed tomography (CT) imaging. These textiles have been found in inhumation burials from the Late Medieval church of Valma...

    Authors: Sanna Lipkin, Ville-Pauli Karjalainen, Hanna-Leena Puolakka and Mikko A. J. Finnilä
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:231
  7. The handheld X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (HH-XRF) is commonly used to detect the inorganic elemental composition of pigments on-site. However, the accuracy of in-situ detection results can be affected by t...

    Authors: Long Zhang, Ziyan Song, Shengda Zuo, Feng Hou and Shuaiqing Chen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:230
  8. There has been widespread concern about the provenance of proto-porcelain in previous studies, which is fundamental in determining the origin of porcelain. However, there are still different opinions on the pr...

    Authors: Wenjing Li, Wugan Luo, Fengchun Huang, Yue Chen and Changsui Wang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:229
  9. Diyarbakır City Walls, one of the longest defensive structures in the world, following the Great Wall of China, the walls of Antakya, and the walls of Istanbul, is a UNESCO World Heritage site since 2015. With...

    Authors: Lale Karataş and Beyhan Bayhan
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:228
  10. In 2013, several tombs were discovered and excavated in Southeastern Beijing, China, yielding various burial products. Among these were pottery towers, a representative artifact of the Han Dynasty rarely found...

    Authors: InHee Go, Jingqi Wen, Xiang He, Naitao Liu and Hong Guo
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:227
  11. This paper explores the effectiveness in the use of texture painting software packages, which are more commonly used in the film and game industries, as a method for detecting and recording carvings on non-pla...

    Authors: Rich Potter, Robin Rönnlund and Jenny Wallensten
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:226
  12. X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy energy spectrum, excitation-emission matrix spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was applied to the unearthed jade with multil...

    Authors: Kexin Zhang, Yaxu Zhang, Jing Zhao, Zhanrui Zhao, Meng Zhao, Xichen Zhao and Hongjie Luo
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:224
  13. In recent years, the conservation and protection of ancient cultural heritage have received increasing attention, and non-destructive testing (NDT), which can minimize the damage done to the test subject, play...

    Authors: Guimin Jiang, Xin Wang, Jue Hu, Yang Wang, Xin Li, Dazhi Yang, Miranda Mostacci, Stefano Sfarra, Xavier Maldague, Qiang Jiang and Hai Zhang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:223
  14. There are many paper manuscripts at museums, stores, and libraries that have different stains. The dust stains and soil remains played an important role in the degradation of these manuscripts. Therefore, the ...

    Authors: Rushdya Rabee Ali Hassan, Haidi M. Hassan, Yassmine A. Mohamed, Mai E. M. Ismail, Yara Farid, Hager Mohamed, Sameh H. Ismail, Mohamed Z. M. Salem and Mostafa Abdel-Hamied
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:221
  15. The knitted cap was the ubiquitous and most visible garment men wore throughout early modern society, from apprentices to royals. Documentary evidence also suggests that red was a conventional color for specif...

    Authors: Paula Nabais, Jane Malcolm-Davies, Maria João Melo, Natércia Teixeira and Beatrice Behlen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:220
  16. In 2006, the Majiayuan Cemetery of the Warring States period (475 BCE to 221 BCE) was discovered in Zhangjiachuan county of Gansu province, northwest China. The thousands of exquisite gold/silver artifacts, br...

    Authors: Liu Liu, Yaozheng Zheng, Yuchen Tang, Shiqi Cai, Yan Xie, Junchang Yang and Zhanyun Zhu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:219
  17. The Liao Dynasty’s highly developed textile industry was characterized as “the best in the world” in ancient Chinese literature. This study analyzed two textiles on a 蹀躞 (DieXie) belt excavated from the No.1 L...

    Authors: Ruochen Ge, Lili Cong, Yongping Fu, Bing Wang, Guiyun Shen, Bing Xu, Mingzhou Hu, Han Yu, Jie Zhou and Lu Yang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:217
  18. The Natural World Heritage site (NWH) has a dual role of protection and utilization. The buffer zone of the South China Karst (SCK) World Heritage (WH) site is scattered with village dwellings, which adds pres...

    Authors: Kangning Xiong, Dong Chen, Juan Zhang, Xinyan Gu and Ning Zhang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:218
  19. Grotto temples in Henan Province, which began in the Northern Wei Dynasty and ended in the Republic of China, have been excavated and repaired to varying degrees in the Sui, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dyn...

    Authors: Yu Li
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:216
  20. The burgeoning field of digital humanities has provided important modern technological means for text mining in literary works. Chinese classical poetry, as a treasure in the world’s artistic treasury, holds s...

    Authors: Jiayan Li, Tao Xu, Xiaoyu Gu, Jingyuan Lin, Mengyu Li, Peiyuan Tao, Xinyue Dong, Peng Yao and Ming Shao
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:212
  21. The development of new alternatives for the protection of metallic heritage aims to improve the performance of the coatings used in recent decades. For this purpose, the performance of three novel or poorly ex...

    Authors: María Teresa Molina, Barbara Salvadori, Emilio Cano, Daniel de la Fuente and Blanca Ramírez-Barat
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:208
  22. This paper presents an innovative health-risk assessment methodology for the preventive protection of metal cultural relics in museums, which is based on the improved rank correlation analysis and AHP fuzzy sy...

    Authors: Dandan Li, Hao Zhou, Fangyuan Xu, Ying Yan, Laiming Wu and Lankun Cai
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:210
  23. This work presents an assessment of the different decoration techniques applied in the two glass windows from the Casa-Museu Dr. Anastácio Gonçalves (Lisbon, Portugal) by Optical coherence tomography (OCT). Th...

    Authors: Teresa Palomar, Magdalena Iwanicka, Isabel Pombo Cardoso, Marcia Vilarigues and Piotr Targowski
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:203
  24. Karst World Heritage Site (KWHS) combines high-grade landscape resources and a fragile ecological environment. As an essential tool for heritage conservation and maintaining local interests, its buffer zone is...

    Authors: Juan Zhang, Kangning Xiong, Zhaojun Liu, Lixiang He, Ning Zhang, Xinyan Gu and Dong Chen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:202
  25. As one of the world’s earliest pottery origins in Eurasia, the role of pottery during Neolithic period in South China remains unclear. Here, we present a new understanding on the utilization pattern of early p...

    Authors: Xiaodi Liu, Meng Ren, Yongxu Fu, Yaowu Hu, Shuzhi Wang and Yimin Yang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:201
  26. Architectural heritage is vulnerable to disasters. Digital technologies can fight destruction and can ensure integrity by monitoring, managing and protecting architectural heritage from disasters. In this pape...

    Authors: Yuan Li, Yanan Du, Mengsheng Yang, Jiaqi Liang, Huanxia Bai, Rui Li and Andrew Law
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:199
  27. Cultural heritage management poses significant challenges for museums due to fragmented data, limited intelligent frameworks, and insufficient applications. In response, a digital cultural heritage management ...

    Authors: Y. Yuexin Huang, S. Suihuai Yu, J. Jianjie Chu, H. Hao Fan and B. Bin Du
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:204
  28. Destruction caused by excessive moisture is a common problem in heritage buildings made of brick. Historic buildings usually have walls that of different constructions, i.e. walls with all joints filled, walls...

    Authors: Natalia Szemiot, Anna Hoła and Łukasz Sadowski
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:198
  29. Pigments on four easel paintings signed by Mohammad Ghaffari (latter Kamal al-Molk), the renowned Persian painter lived from the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century, kept at the Astan-e Qods-e Razavi M...

    Authors: Sima Roohi and Parviz Holakooei
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:197
  30. The reactivities of various fatty monoacids and diacids on copper metal-containing surfaces were investigated through reflection–absorption infrared spectroscopy. The formation of copper carboxylates is detect...

    Authors: Stamatis C. Boyatzis, Leonidas Fragkos-Livanios, Maria Giannoulaki and Anna Filopoulou
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:196
  31. The process of staining was frequently employed to enhance or alter the color of agate beads in ancient times. One of the key challenges in studying ancient beads is comprehending the intricate techniques empl...

    Authors: Xiaoguang Li, Haozhong Xue, Xinhua Wu, Dahai Qin, Daiming Chen, Jiangyan Yuan and Zihua Tang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:195
  32. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are often preferred for modeling cultural heritage buildings due to their costs and time savings. The need for data collection, analysis, processing, and visual presentation in ...

    Authors: Bahadir Ergun, Cumhur Sahin and Furkan Bilucan
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:194
  33. The Great Wall of China was a military facility that has been continuously built and used for over thousands of years, and is a world-renowned cultural heritage site today. The plants growing on top surface of...

    Authors: Jianbin Pan, Nuo Xu, Yuyang Tang, Meijing Cheng, Lin Zhang, Bing Wang and Jingwen Lan
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:191
  34. Accurate registration of 3D scans is crucial in creating precise and detailed 3D models for various applications in cultural heritage. The dataset used in this study comprised numerous point clouds collected f...

    Authors: Piotr Foryś, Robert Sitnik, Jakub Markiewicz and Eryk Bunsch
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:190
  35. Excavations at the Chalcolithic site Fazael in the central Jordan Valley uncovered a large number of metal items, many of them polymetallic copper alloys cast in the lost wax technique. Metallography and SEM–E...

    Authors: Thomas Rose, Stefano Natali, Andrea Brotzu, Shay Bar and Yuval Goren
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:193
  36. Apart from many lost wax cast metal fragments, crucible fragments and several heated sediment nodules were found at the Chalcolithic site Fazael 2 (central Jordan Valley). Petrographic investigations on the he...

    Authors: Thomas Rose, Shay Bar, Yotam Asscher and Yuval Goren
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:192

    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2023 11:200

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