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  1. Content type: Research article

    Excavations conducted between 2010 and 2012 at Magoro Hill, a site in South Africa’s Limpopo Province frequented or intermittently occupied by African farming communities since the first millennium AD, yielded...

    Authors: Farahnaz Koleini, Linda C. Prinsloo, Wim Biemond, Philippe Colomban, Anh-Tu Ngo, Jan C. A. Boeyens, Maria M. van der Ryst and Koos van Brakel

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:43

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Hexi painting (和玺彩画) was historically documented as the most sophisticated decorative art representing the highest levels of technological knowledge and skills for decorating the Chinese ...

    Authors: Tiequan Zhu, Tao Li, Naitao Liu, Jian Chen, Hong Huang, Qianli Fu and Shangxin Zhang

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:42

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  3. Content type: Review

    Rapid Prototyping (RP) has revolutionized the world of manufacturing. It has gained popularity among designers and artists, having developed from a visualization tool to a manufacturing tool for end-use produc...

    Authors: Carolien Coon, Boris Pretzel, Tom Lomax and Matija Strlič

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:40

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The famous archaeological site of San José de Moro (SJM) located in the Jequetepeque Valley (JV) represents one of the best-preserved pre-Columbian Mochica cemeteries uncovered along the north coast of Peru. S...

    Authors: Nino Del-Solar-Velarde, Stan Kinis, Rémy Chapoulie, Renaud Joannes-Boyau and Luis Jaime Castillo

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:37

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Weathering of clay-bearing sandstones does not only depend on material properties but also on the environmental conditions they are exposed to. The same is true for repaired stones, in which the compatibility ...

    Authors: Thibault Demoulin, Fred Girardet, Timothy P. Wangler, George W. Scherer and Robert J. Flatt

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:38

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In contrast to scientific research focussing on European paper, there is a significant gap in our knowledge of Islamic papermaking. This research surveys the evidence of techniques and materials typically used...

    Authors: Hend Mahgoub, Tiphaine Bardon, Dirk Lichtblau, Tom Fearn and Matija Strlič

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:34

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Jackson Pollock’s Number 1A, 1948 painting was investigated using in situ scanning macro-x-ray fluorescence mapping (MA-XRF) to help characterize the artist’s materials and his creative process. A multivariate cu...

    Authors: A. Martins, J. Coddington, G. Van der Snickt, B. van Driel, C. McGlinchey, D. Dahlberg, K. Janssens and J. Dik

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:33

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Light calcareous stone materials used in connection with cultural heritage objects, such as pedestals, or used as wall facings in connection with bronze statues or joints often show green staining due to the c...

    Authors: Sanne Spile, Takayoshi Suzuki, Jesper Bendix and Kim Pilkjær Simonsen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:29

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the research is to present a system recently developed and used for automated cleaning of artworks and to examine the suitability of using this ultrafast and precise computed-scanning picosecond las...

    Authors: Abdelrazek Elnaggar, Paul Fitzsimons, Anne Lama, Yvette Fletcher, Paula Antunes and K. G. Watkins

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:30

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Efflorescence and subflorescence are frequent phenomena occurring in buildings of porous inorganic materials such as bricks, stone, and concrete. Since the above phenomena have detrimental effects, they were t...

    Authors: Emilio Catelli, Florinel-Gabriel Bănică and Ana Bănică

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:31

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Abuna Yemata Guh is one of the nine Saints who are traditionally claimed to have come to Northern Ethiopia in the beginning of the sixth century and established monasteries in the Tigray region. The church, na...

    Authors: Kidane Fanta Gebremariam, Lise Kvittingen and David Graham Nicholson

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:32

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The paint stratigraphy of the two clock faces from the tower clock of the Government Palace in Helsinki (Finland) was analysed in order to determine their original colour before restoration works. Paint cross-...

    Authors: Kepa Castro, Ulla Knuutinen, Silvia Fdez-Ortiz de Vallejuelo, Maite Maguregui, Juan Manuel Madariaga and Raili Laakso

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:36

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Since the ‘rediscovery’ of the Selden map of China, an early seventeenth century map of Asia, in the Bodleian Library in Oxford, the importance of the map in our understanding of globalisation in the early sev...

    Authors: Sotiria Kogou, Sarah Neate, Clare Coveney, Amanda Miles, David Boocock, Lucia Burgio, Chi Shing Cheung and Haida Liang

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:28

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  14. Content type: Research Article

    The scientific imaging of works of art is crucial for the assessment of the presence and distribution of pigments and other materials on surfaces. It is known that some ancient pigments are luminescent: these ...

    Authors: Daniela Comelli, Valentina Capogrosso, Christian Orsenigo and Austin Nevin

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:21

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Coloured glass glitter is made from thin glass flakes and used for decoration purposes. Published analytical data mainly originates from restoration sites in different countries and is still fragmentary. Sampl...

    Authors: Gundel Steigenberger and Christoph Herm

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:24

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Piet Mondrian’s Broadway Boogie Woogie (1942–1943) was examined using Macro X-Ray Fluorescence mapping (MA-XRF) to help characterize the artist’s materials and understand his creative process as well as the curre...

    Authors: Ana Martins, Cynthia Albertson, Chris McGlinchey and Joris Dik

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:22

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  17. Content type: Communication

    Basic sodium copper carbonate, Na3[Cu2(CO3)3(OH)]∙4H2O, has been mentioned as heritage corrosion product of copper alloys in two publications. The identification relied on the comparison of the powder diffractogr...

    Authors: Gerhard Eggert, Andrea Fischer and Robert E. Dinnebier

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:27

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2016 4:35

  18. Content type: Research article

    The Smithsonian Institution Building, commonly referred to as the Castle, is located on the National Mall in Washington, DC, and was constructed in the mid-nineteenth century for the purpose of housing all mus...

    Authors: Edward P. Vicenzi, Carol A. Grissom, Richard A. Livingston and Zoe Weldon-Yochim

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:26

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  19. Content type: Research Article

    Jebel Khalid is a single period Hellenistic site on the west bank of the Euphrates River in northern Syria. The occupation of the site dates from the early 3rd century BCE until its abandonment in the late 70s...

    Authors: Wendy J. Reade and Karen L. Privat

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:20

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  20. Content type: Research article

    A multi-analytical investigation of Japanese woodblock prints ranging in date from 1864 to 1895 and covering essentially the time span between the very end of the Edo period and the middle of the Meiji period ...

    Authors: Yanbing Luo, Elena Basso, Henry D. Smith II and Marco Leona

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:17

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  21. Content type: Research article

    A versatile analytical methodology is presented, that combines the application of two mobile laser-based analytical techniques, Raman microscopy and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), for the analysi...

    Authors: Zoi Eirini Papliaka, Aggelos Philippidis, Panayiotis Siozos, Maria Vakondiou, Kristalia Melessanaki and Demetrios Anglos

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:15

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Alchemy (1947, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice) is one of the most materic works by J. Pollock, whose palette is extensive, ranging from white to yellow, red, green, violet, blue, bla...

    Authors: F. Rosi, C. Grazia, R. Fontana, F. Gabrieli, L. Pensabene Buemi, E. Pampaloni, A. Romani, C. Stringari and C. Miliani

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:18

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Ancestral Puebloan black-on-white ceramics of the American Southwest can be classified as containing pigments within their painted designs containing high levels of organic-based elements such as potassium, or...

    Authors: M. W. Pendleton, D. K. Washburn, E. A. Ellis and B. B. Pendleton

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:11

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  24. Content type: Research article

    A great number of historic manuscripts, drawings, etc., many of which are stored and/or exhibited in museums, archives and various collections contain iron gall inks (IGIs) as base scripting material. Although...

    Authors: Stamatis C. Boyatzis, Georgia Velivasaki and Ekaterini Malea

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:13

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2016 4:39

  25. Content type: Research article

    Calcareous materials, like marble used in connection with cultural heritage objects such as statues and pedestals, or as wall facings on buildings, often show a brownish staining owing to contact with iron met...

    Authors: Sanne Spile, Takayoshi Suzuki, Jesper Bendix and Kim Pilkjær Simonsen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:12

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  26. Content type: Research Article

    Yellow orpiment (As2S3) and red–orange realgar (As4S4) photo-degrade and the nineteenth-century pigment emerald green (Cu(C2H3O2)2·3Cu(AsO2)2) degrades into arsenic oxides. Because of their solubility in water, a...

    Authors: Katrien Keune, Jennifer Mass, Apurva Mehta, Jonathan Church and Florian Meirer

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:10

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  27. Content type: Review

    The two-wavelength laser cleaning methodology has been introduced and developed in order to meet demanding cleaning challenges in CH. The innovation lies on the combined use of two laser beams, allowing thus c...

    Authors: Paraskevi Pouli, Evi Papakonstantinou, Katerina Frantzikinaki, Anastasia Panou, Giasemi Frantzi, Costantinos Vasiliadis and Costas Fotakis

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:9

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Imaging spectroscopy, the collection of spatially co-registered images in many contiguous spectral bands, has been developed for remote sensing of the Earth utilizing reflectance or luminescence. In this paper...

    Authors: John K. Delaney, Mathieu Thoury, Jason G. Zeibel, Paola Ricciardi, Kathryn M. Morales and Kathryn A. Dooley

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:6

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  29. Content type: Research article

    In this study, an enameled glass mosque lamp in the Brooklyn Museum collection is investigated to elucidate the origin and date of production of each of its components—the body, handles, wick-holder, and foot...

    Authors: Johanna Salvant, Victoria Schussler, Caitlin McKenna, Lisa Bruno, Monica Ganio and Marc Walton

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:5

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  30. Content type: Research article

    A novel multipollutant diffusive sampler for HONO, HNO3, and NO2 was used and tested at four different libraries/archives in different seasons. Two were located in Switzerland in Bern (Swiss National Library) and...

    Authors: Francesca Vichi, Ludmila Mašková, Massimiliano Frattoni, Andrea Imperiali and Jiří Smolík

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:4

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  31. Content type: Research article

    In this work we explore the chemical effects of particulate matter on paper. We exposed paper made of pure cellulose to the environment in different locations in central London, outdoors (in sheltered conditio...

    Authors: Josep Grau-Bové, Bojan Budič, Irena Kralj Cigić, David Thickett, Stefania Signorello and Matija Strlič

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:2

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  32. Content type: Research Article

    The important trecento Florentine artist Giotto (c. 1266-1337) is renowned for his naturalistic and realistic works in tempera and fresco. His innovative paintng style involved painting expressive, emotive fac...

    Authors: Barbara H. Berrie, Marco Leona and Richard McLaughlin

    Citation: Heritage Science 2016 4:1

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In the context of evidence-based management of historic collections, a damage function combines aspects of material degradation, use, and consideration of material attributes that are important for satisfactor...

    Authors: Matija Strlič, Carlota M. Grossi, Catherine Dillon, Nancy Bell, Kalliopi Fouseki, Peter Brimblecombe, Eva Menart, Kostas Ntanos, William Lindsay, David Thickett, Fenella France and Gerrit De Bruin

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:40

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The present study reports results from the large-scale integrated EU project “Climate for Culture”. The full name, or title, of the project is Climate for Culture: damage risk assessment, economic impact and miti...

    Authors: Johanna Leissner, Ralf Kilian, Lola Kotova, Daniela Jacob, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Tor Broström, Jonathan Ashley-Smith, Henk L. Schellen, Marco Martens, Jos van Schijndel, Florian Antretter, Matthias Winkler, Chiara Bertolin, Dario Camuffo, Goran Simeunovic and Tomáš Vyhlídal

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:38

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Silver, prized throughout history for its luster and shine, develops a black Ag2S tarnish layer that is aesthetically displeasing when exposed to atmospheric pollutants. Tarnishing, and subsequent polishing, lead...

    Authors: Amy E. Marquardt, Eric M. Breitung, Terry Drayman-Weisser, Glenn Gates and R. J. Phaneuf

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:37

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  36. Content type: Research article

    As a result of use of library and archival documents, defined as reading with handling in the context of general access, mechanical degradation (wear and tear) accumulates. In contrast to chemical degradation...

    Authors: Matija Strlič, Carlota M. Grossi, Catherine Dillon, Nancy Bell, Kalliopi Fouseki, Peter Brimblecombe, Eva Menart, Kostas Ntanos, William Lindsay, David Thickett, Fenella France and Gerrit De Bruin

    Citation: Heritage Science 2015 3:36

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