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  1. Content type: Review

    The purpose of this paper is to review the performance of the protective shelters installed over three archaeological sites in Malta over the past decade, and to draw some key lessons learnt that may be useful...

    Authors: JoAnn Cassar, Shirley Cefai, Reuben Grima and Katya Stroud

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:36

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Conflict damage to heritage has been thrust into the global spotlight during recent conflict in the Middle East. While the use of social media has heightened and enhanced public awareness of this ‘cultural ter...

    Authors: L. Mol and M. Gomez-Heras

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:35

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Prior studies have shown the improved ability to identify artists’ pigments by combining results from X-ray fluorescence (XRF), which provides elemental information, with reflectance spectroscopy in the visibl...

    Authors: John K. Delaney, Damon M. Conover, Kathryn A. Dooley, Lisha Glinsman, Koen Janssens and Murray Loew

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:31

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  4. Content type: Correction

    After the publication of the original article [1], the authors realized several typographical errors, which are listed with the corrected version as follows.

    Authors: Bernadette Frühmann, Federica Cappa, Wilfried Vetter, Manfred Schreiner and Father Petrus

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:34

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    The original article was published in Heritage Science 2018 6:10

  5. Content type: Review

    Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a new process that is spreading in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction field. It allows the creation of virtual building models, which can be linked to numeri...

    Authors: Danae Phaedra Pocobelli, Jan Boehm, Paul Bryan, James Still and Josep Grau-Bové

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:30

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  6. Content type: Research article

    An analytical study of the painted folding doors at Herlev Hospital in Denmark has been performed in connection with the creation of new doors. The hospital which construction was completed in 1976 is one of t...

    Authors: Anna Katrine Hansen, Marie Bitsch Christiansen, Jana Sanyova and Kim Pilkjær Simonsen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:29

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Comparing information from the ancient texts about the illumination of the manuscripts to the analysis of the components used to create colour in illuminations sheds interesting light. Our research team studie...

    Authors: Charlotte Denoël, Patricia Roger Puyo, Anne-Marie Brunet and Nathalie Poulain Siloe

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:28

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Tie luo (affixed hanging) was an expressive form of traditional Chinese calligraphy or paintings, and popular in the imperial palaces for interior decorations in Qing Dynasty (1644–1911 C.E.). A piece of calligra...

    Authors: Le Wei, Wenjia Chen, Gaowa Jin, Zhimou Guo, Yunli Wang, Baoqiang Kang, Na Wang, An Gu, Yun Zhang and Yong Lei

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:26

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Information on materials and procedures of painters of the past can be gained from the latest examinations of a painting and its materials and from documentary sources, the change of meaning of which is of pri...

    Authors: Guido Frison and Giulia Brun

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:24

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  10. Content type: Research article

    We present here the combination of in situ non invasive techniques to investigate a precious 15th century illuminated manuscript of Petrarch’s work, De remediis utriusque fortunae held in the Méjanes library in A...

    Authors: Laurence de Viguerie, Sophie Rochut, Matthias Alfeld, Philippe Walter, Sophie Astier, Valérie Gontero and Florence Boulc’h

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:11

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Particulate matter in the showcase of the Bayeux embroidery was studied for 8 months in order to determine the conservation state of this precious and fragile work of art. Both the suspended and deposited part...

    Authors: Pauline Uring, Anne Chabas, Dominique De Reyer, Lucile Gentaz, Sylvain Triquet, Cécile Mirande-Bret and Stéphane Alfaro

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:23

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Two precious Carolingian manuscripts kept in the library of Kremsmuenster Abbey in Upper Austria were subject of investigation. The well-known Codices Millenarius Maior (Inv. No. CC Cim 1, Fig. 1a) and Millenariu...

    Authors: Bernadette Frühmann, Federica Cappa, Wilfried Vetter, Manfred Schreiner and Father Petrus

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:10

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2018 6:34

  13. Content type: Research article

    A widespread belief among scholars and connoisseurs of the Japanese color woodblock print (nishiki-e) holds that synthetic dyes were imported from the West in the 1860s, and soon came to be used for all nishiki-e

    Authors: Anna Cesaratto, Yan-Bing Luo, Henry D. Smith II and Marco Leona

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:22

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  14. Content type: Research article

    This study reports on the effect of artists’ paint formulation on degradation rates of TiO2-based oil paints. Titanium white oil paint exists in a multitude of different recipes, and the effect of the formulation...

    Authors: B. A. van Driel, K. J. van den Berg, M. Smout, N. Dekker, P. J. Kooyman and J. Dik

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:21

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The Portrait de Suzanne Bambridge (1891) is the first oil painting executed by Paul Gauguin (1848–1903) in Tahiti. A comprehensive material study of the painting by means of MA-XRF, Raman and FT-IR techniques has...

    Authors: C. Defeyt, E. Van Vyve, F. Leen, F. Vandepitte, B. Gilbert, E. Herens and D. Strivay

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:20

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Wall paintings from the Jokhang temple, Lhasa, Tibet, China cover over 4000 m2. In order to protect these valuable paintings and to provide more conclusive information regarding the date of the painting scheme fr...

    Authors: Yan Song, Feng Gao, Austin Nevin, Juwen Guo, Xiao Zhou, Shuya Wei and Qianqian Li

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:18

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  17. Content type: Research article

    This paper presents the work done as part of a master dissertation on Conservation and Restoration at the Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Nova University of Lisbon. The “Cofre n.º 31” is a French fifteenth...

    Authors: Isamara Carvalho, Conceição Casanova, Rita Araújo and Ana Lemos

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:9

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The colors of Field with Irises near Arles, painted by Van Gogh in Arles in 1888, have changed considerably. To get an idea of how this painting, as well as other works by Van Gogh, looked shortly after their pro...

    Authors: Muriel Geldof, Art Ness Proaño Gaibor, Frank Ligterink, Ella Hendriks and Eric Kirchner

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:17

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this research was to use non-invasive scientific analysis to uncover evidence of the planning process and relationship between pigments used in text copying and artwork production in the Oppenheimer...

    Authors: Suzanne Wijsman, Sarah Neate, Sotiria Kogou and Haida Liang

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:15

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The lack of comprehensive studies on silver paints in manuscripts is a handicap to new stabilization strategies and treatments. This work develops and tests a methodological approach for the study of the degra...

    Authors: Rita Araújo, Paula Nabais, Isabel Pombo Cardoso, Conceição Casanova, Ana Lemos and Maria J. Melo

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:8

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The research aims to investigate the nature of the materials used in the decoration of the cover of a sunk-panel Commissione Dogale, a Venetian manuscript of 1582. The analysed volume Ms. It. VII, 1869 (= 8134) b...

    Authors: Miriam Rampazzo and Michele Di Foggia

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:14

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Microspectrofluorimetry offers high sensitivity, selectivity, fast data acquisition, good spatial resolution (down to 2 μm), and the possibility of in-depth profiling. It has proved to be a powerful analytical...

    Authors: Paula Nabais, Maria J. Melo, João A. Lopes, Tatiana Vitorino, Artur Neves and Rita Castro

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:13

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Ancient Egyptian mummies were often covered with an outer casing, panels and masks made from cartonnage: a lightweight material made from linen, plaster, and recycled papyrus held together with adhesive. Egypt...

    Authors: Adam Gibson, Kathryn E. Piquette, Uwe Bergmann, William Christens-Barry, Graham Davis, Marco Endrizzi, Shuting Fan, Sina Farsiu, Anthony Fitzgerald, Jennifer Griffiths, Cerys Jones, Guorong Li, Phillip L. Manning, Charlotte Maughan Jones, Roberta Mazza, David Mills…

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:7

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  24. Content type: Research article

    This study gives an account of the organic components (binders and coatings) found in the polychromy of some fragmented architectural reliefs from the Palace of Apries in Memphis, Egypt (26th Dynasty, ca. 589-...

    Authors: Cecilie Brøns, Kaare Lund Rasmussen, Marta Melchiorre Di Crescenzo, Rebecca Stacey and Anna Lluveras-Tenorio

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:6

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  25. Content type: Review

    This case study is applying imaging and analytical techniques from multiple scientific disciplines to digitise coins and evaluate 3D multi-modal visualisation. Two ancient Roman silver denarii were selected as...

    Authors: Mona Hess, Lindsay W. MacDonald and Jaroslav Valach

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:5

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The “Nanhai I” shipwreck of the Southern Song dynasty is the existent oldest and the most integrally preserved shipwreck in the world. Inside the shipwreck most of the ancient ceramics were covered with differ...

    Authors: Yanrong Wang, Tiequan Zhu, Guicheng Yang, Xian Tan, Daoyang Ye and Haotian Chen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:4

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The nature of ground preparations is of critical interest to those engaging in the study of historical painting techniques, as certain materials can be identified with specific regions and school of painting. ...

    Authors: Federico Carò, Silvia A. Centeno and Dorothy Mahon

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:3

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Classification of the weathering degree of large outdoor stone relics has long been a challenge in their protection engineering. An approach to classifying the weathering levels of the Yungang Grottoes is pres...

    Authors: Tianhua Meng, Yuhe Lu, Guozhong Zhao, Chengquan Yang, Jianguang Ren and Yunlong Shi

    Citation: Heritage Science 2018 6:1

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Due to their unique properties, laser and optical technologies hold today an important role in the protection and study of Cultural Heritage, since they are used in a wide range of demanding analytical and dia...

    Authors: Nikoleta Platia, Maria Chatzidakis, Corina Doerr, Lida Charami, Chrysoula Bekiari, Kristalia Melessanaki, Kostas Hatzigiannakis and Paraskevi Pouli

    Citation: Heritage Science 2017 5:50

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Near infrared spectroscopy (NIR) can be a useful diagnostic tool in the assessment of quality in textile, agricultural and various other industries. In cultural heritage applications, NIR as a non-invasive ass...

    Authors: Nanette Kissi, Katherine Curran, Constantina Vlachou-Mogire, Tom Fearn and Lisa McCullough

    Citation: Heritage Science 2017 5:49

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  31. Content type: Research

    Corrosion products on three bronze swords found in tombs dating from the Warring States period at Lijiaba site, Yunyang county, Chongqing were characterized by Raman and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopies. The ...

    Authors: Xiaopan Fan and Ian C. Freestone

    Citation: Heritage Science 2017 5:48

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The chemical and physical properties of 19th and 20th century Chinese papers were investigated using a variety of material characterisation methods. A reference collection of 178 Chinese papers, dating from 17...

    Authors: Natalie Brown, Dirk Lichtblau, Tom Fearn and Matija Strlič

    Citation: Heritage Science 2017 5:47

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  33. Content type: Research article

    This work focuses on the study of the 19th century yellow chromate pigments based on barium (BaCrO4), zinc (4ZnCrO4·K2O·3H2O) and strontium (SrCrO4). These pigments, which are reported to shift in hue and darken,...

    Authors: Vanessa Otero, Marta F. Campos, Joana V. Pinto, Márcia Vilarigues, Leslie Carlyle and Maria João Melo

    Citation: Heritage Science 2017 5:46

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Silver gelatine photographs were the most dominant photographic process of the twentieth century from the 1880s until the 1960s. They are prone to yellowing, mirroring and fading which is largely attributed to...

    Authors: Jacqueline Moon and Katherine Curran

    Citation: Heritage Science 2017 5:45

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Decay of trachyte used as building stone in urban environment was investigated through the analysis of crusts and patinas found on trachyte of the Euganean Hills in the Renaissance city walls of Padua, northea...

    Authors: Luigi Germinario, Siegfried Siegesmund, Lara Maritan, Klaus Simon and Claudio Mazzoli

    Citation: Heritage Science 2017 5:44

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  36. Content type: Research article

    There are multiple challenges in analysing pigments in historic watercolour paintings on paper, and typically non-invasive, in situ methods are required. Recent developments in portable analytical instrumentat...

    Authors: R. Mulholland, D. Howell, A. Beeby, C. E. Nicholson and K. Domoney

    Citation: Heritage Science 2017 5:43

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The Preah Vihear monument in Cambodia, located close to the border with Thailand, was one of the Khmer temples registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List as a Cultural Property in 2008. It consists of masonr...

    Authors: Etsuo Uchida, Akinori Mizoguchi, Hiroya Sato, Ichita Shimoda and Ryota Watanabe

    Citation: Heritage Science 2017 5:42

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  38. Content type: Research article

    In a study of multispectral and hyperspectral reflectance imaging, a Round Robin Test assessed the performance of different systems for the spectral digitisation of artworks. A Russian icon, mass-produced in M...

    Authors: Lindsay W. MacDonald, Tatiana Vitorino, Marcello Picollo, Ruven Pillay, Michał Obarzanowski, Joanna Sobczyk, Sérgio Nascimento and João Linhares

    Citation: Heritage Science 2017 5:41

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  39. Content type: Research article

    An analytical study of two paintings by P. S. Krøyer and the tube colours found in his painting cabinet has been carried out in order to investigate the artists’ materials used by Krøyer in the latter part of ...

    Authors: Marie Bitsch Christiansen, Elizabeth Baadsgaard, Jana Sanyova and Kim Pilkjær Simonsen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2017 5:39

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  40. Content type: Research article

    This article discusses the technical examination of five flower and fruit still life paintings by the seventeenth century artist Jan Davidsz. de Heem (1606–1684). The painter is known for his meticulously comp...

    Authors: Nouchka De Keyser, Geert Van der Snickt, Annelies Van Loon, Stijn Legrand, Arie Wallert and Koen Janssens

    Citation: Heritage Science 2017 5:38

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Magritte’s composition La condition humaine, 1935 was found to conceal under its paint layers an entire quarter of a lost composition by the artist, until recently only known from a small black/white catalogue il...

    Authors: Alice Tavares da Silva, Stijn Legrand, Geert Van der Snickt, Rupert Featherstone, Koen Janssens and Giorgia Bottinelli

    Citation: Heritage Science 2017 5:37

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