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  1. For medieval and post-medieval Denmark and northern Germany, trace elements can potentially contribute to our understanding of diet, migration, social status, exposure to urban settings, and disease treatment....

    Authors: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, George R. Milner, Thomas Delbey, Lilian Skytte, Morten Søvsø, Frederik Callesen and Jesper Lier Boldsen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:18

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Understanding paintings as physical systems is fundamental for advancing environmental specifications that would allow for effective management of museum environments in terms of reducing energy use and carbon...

    Authors: Łukasz Bratasz, Kiraz Goze Akoglu and Patrick Kékicheff

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:11

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Moisture adsorption and related dimensional change were examined in several samples of historic and contemporary parchment. The tensile behaviour was determined for contemporary parchment and two selected hist...

    Authors: Leszek Krzemień, Agata Czyżewska, Magdalena Soboń, Roman Kozłowski and Łukasz Bratasz

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:17

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The archaeological site of the Anahita Temple in Kangavar is one of the best-known stone monuments in western Iran and dates back to the Persian Empire period of Iranian history (about 550 BC to 650 AD). The T...

    Authors: Atefeh Shekofteh, Omid Oudbashi, Giuseppe Cultrone and Masoud Ansari

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:14

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The aim of this study was to develop new, sustainable treatments for the consolidation and conservation of canvas of modern and contemporary art. Because of the diversity of painting types, two product groups ...

    Authors: Nadine Böhme, Manfred Anders, Tobias Reichelt, Katharina Schuhmann, Alexandra Bridarolli and Aurelia Chevalier

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:16

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The damaging effects of mixed light-thermal ageing on parchment were studied by exposing mock-ups to artificial light (162 W/m2 irradiance) at controlled temperature and relative humidity (52 °C, 30% RH) for up t...

    Authors: Federica Cappa, Ilaria Paganoni, Cristina Carsote, Elena Badea and Manfred Schreiner

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:15

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The precious collections of the Qing Dynasty paper-made theatrical figurines known as Shage xiren (纱阁戏人) represent a unique type of Chinese traditional folk art. The name, “Shage xiren” can be explained as the...

    Authors: Yuxuan Gong, Chengquan Qiao, Bochao Zhong, Jiarang Zhong and Decai Gong

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:13

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The paper discusses the case study of the Marriage at Cana, a sixteenth century wall painting located in Ravenna and executed by Luca Longhi. A multi-analytical approach based upon OM, SEM–EDS, μ-Raman, μ-FTIR an...

    Authors: Flavia Fiorillo, Sara Fiorentino, Matteo Montanari, Camilla Roversi Monaco, Andrea Del Bianco and Mariangela Vandini

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:10

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Roy Lichtenstein’s Whaam! (1963) is an iconic artwork in Tate’s collection (T00897). Over the past 50 years, the painting has been on almost continuous display and had accrued a layer of deposited soiling, which ...

    Authors: Angelica Bartoletti, Rachel Barker, David Chelazzi, Nicole Bonelli, Piero Baglioni, Judith Lee, Lora V. Angelova and Bronwyn Ormsby

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:9

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2020 8:41

  10. The Pyramids complex in Giza consists of three main pyramids in addition to the famous Sphinx and small queen’s pyramids. Recently, the pyramids of Cheops (Khufu), Chephren (Khafre) and Mykerinos (Menkaure) on...

    Authors: Sayed Hemeda and Alghreeb Sonbol

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:8

    Content type: Research article

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  11. This paper reports on activities carried out as part of a pre-conservation studies of the painting by Dmitry Levitsky, “The Portrait of F.P. Makerovsky in a Masquerade Costume” (1789, the State Tretyakov Galle...

    Authors: Nikolay P. Simonenko, Valentin R. Solovey, Kirill V. Shumikhin, Anna A. Lizunova, Stepan V. Lisovskii, Elena A. Liubavskaya, Tatyana V. Seregina, Irina G. Basova, Yulia B. Dyakonova, Tatiana L. Simonenko, Elizaveta P. Simonenko, Ivan A. Volkov, Yulian A. Khalturin and Viktor V. Ivanov

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:6

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Several FTIR techniques are surface-sensitive. This sensitivity can be utilized to help with a wide range conservation issues. Examples from object degradation studies, conservation materials performance asses...

    Authors: David Thickett and Boris Pretzel

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:5

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The ancient Chinese Jun Porcelain has of typical high fired calcium silicate glaze. After observation of Jun porcelain shards excavated from Juntai Kiln in Yuzhou, Henan Province, China, two pieces with light ...

    Authors: Zhimin Li, Ying Ma, Qinglin Ma, Jiachang Chen and Yan Song

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:2

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Maya blue is a hybrid pigment where an organic component, indigo, is incorporated in a porous clay. Despite its widespread use in the Mesoamerican artistic production and numerous studies devoted to understand...

    Authors: Chiara Grazia, David Buti, Anna Amat, Francesca Rosi, Aldo Romani, Davide Domenici, Antonio Sgamellotti and Costanza Miliani

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:1

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The soft modelling of the skin tones in Vermeer’s Girl with a Pearl Earring (Mauritshuis) has been remarked upon by art historians, and is their main argument to date this painting to c. 1665. This paper describe...

    Authors: Annelies van Loon, Abbie Vandivere, John K. Delaney, Kathryn A. Dooley, Steven De Meyer, Frederik Vanmeert, Victor Gonzalez, Koen Janssens, Emilien Leonhardt, Ralph Haswell, Suzan de Groot, Paolo D’Imporzano and Gareth R. Davies

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:102

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In this paper we present the results of quantitative measurements on the pigment chrome yellow (PbCr1−xSxO4 with 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.8) using scanning electron microscopy-wavelength dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM–WDX). Tra...

    Authors: Muriel Geldof, Inez Dorothé van der Werf and Ralph Haswell

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:100

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Man-made ancient Chinese barium copper silicate pigments: Chinese (Han) Purple, BaCuSi2O6; Chinese (Han) Blue, BaCuSi4O10; Chinese Dark Blue, BaCu2Si2O7 (in summary called Chinese blues), and platelet-like crysta...

    Authors: Zhiguo Zhang, Qinglin Ma and Heinz Berke

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:97

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Object discoveries from the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum (PMA-B) in Poland challenge the efforts to preserve paint on corroded steel supports. The objects have been exposed to outdoor weathering conditions ...

    Authors: Gunn Pöllnitz, Manfred Schreiner, Wilfried Vetter, Bernhard Pichler and Andrzej Jastrzębiowski

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:98

    Content type: Research article

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  19. One of the two missing canvases from L’évidence éternelle of 1954, the one of the feet, has been discovered beneath a small woman portrait painted in 1958, La toile de Pénélope. Indeed, the underlying woman’s fee...

    Authors: Catherine Defeyt, Francisca Vandepitte, Elodie Herens and David Strivay

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:96

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The conservation of polymer-based cultural heritage is a major concern for collecting institutions internationally. Collections include a range of different polymers, each with its own degradation processes an...

    Authors: Julianne Bell, Petronella Nel and Barbara Stuart

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:95

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division holds a large collection of Edo period (1615–1868) nishiki-e, Japanese multicolored woodblock prints. The sensitivities of some of the traditional colorants...

    Authors: Tana Villafana and Gwenanne Edwards

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:94

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Fiber optics reflectance spectroscopy (FORS) is commonly used to non-invasively identify madder- and cochineal-based pigments on works of art, but the significant shifts sometimes observed in the position of t...

    Authors: Beatriz Fonseca, Catherine Schmidt Patterson, Monica Ganio, Douglas MacLennan and Karen Trentelman

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:92

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Efforts to read medieval manuscript waste recycled as bookbinding material in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries have resulted in the chemical analysis of four books housed at the University Library of So...

    Authors: Thomas Delbey, Jakob Povl Holck, Bjarke Jørgensen, Alexandra Alvis, Vanessa Haight Smith, Gwénaëlle M. Kavich, Kimberly A. Harmon, Bertil Fabricius Dorch and Kaare Lund Rasmussen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:91

    Content type: Research article

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  24. A seventeenth-century canvas painting is usually comprised of varnish and (translucent) paint layers on a substrate. A viewer’s perception of a work of art can be affected by changes in and damages to these la...

    Authors: Willemijn S. Elkhuizen, Tom W. J. Callewaert, Emilien Leonhardt, Abbie Vandivere, Yu Song, Sylvia C. Pont, Jo M. P. Geraedts and Joris Dik

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:89

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Fundamental restoration of sculptures must include the research of pollution composition and exhibit surface condition as well as accurate identification of the materials of sculptures, bas-reliefs and coating...

    Authors: V. M. Pozhidaev, V. M. Retivov, A. V. Kamaev, S. K. Belus, A. S. Nartov, V. A. Rastorguev, I. V. Borodin, E. Y. Tereschenko, R. A. Sandu, E. B. Yatsishina and M. V. Kovalchuk

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:90

    Content type: Research article

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  26. In this paper we analyzed a batch of 64 clay weights from three archaeological sites located in Romania (Gumelniţa, Măgura-Jilava, and Sultana) that belong to Kodjadermen-Gumelniţa-Karanovo VI cultural complex...

    Authors: Bogdan Manea, Mircea Lechintan, Gabriel Popescu, Theodor Ignat, Vasile Opriş, Florin Constantin, Mădălina Dimache, Valentin Parnic, Roxana Bugoi and Cătălin Lazăr

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:88

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) has become an invaluable tool for the identification of colorants in artworks, due to its enhanced sensitivity and ability to quench fluorescence interference compared ...

    Authors: Abeer Alyami, Antonio Mirabile and Daniela Iacopino

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:87

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. In this paper, optical microscopy, SEM–EDS, Raman and FT-IR analyses were used to investigate different types of corrosion product between layers of glaze and body of Kraak porcelain objects that were excavate...

    Authors: Jingnan Du, Wugan Luo, Naisheng Li and Changsui Wang

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:85

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. The availability and popularity of portable non-invasive instrumentation for the study of paintings has increased due to a shift away from using micro-invasive techniques. Fourier transform infrared spectrosco...

    Authors: Thierry Ford, Adriana Rizzo, Ella Hendriks, Tine Frøysaker and Francesco Caruso

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:84

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The spontaneous chemical alteration of artists’ pigment materials may be caused by several degradation processes. Some of these are well known while others are still in need of more detailed investigation and ...

    Authors: Jonas Simoen, Steven De Meyer, Frederik Vanmeert, Nouchka de Keyser, Ermanno Avranovich, Geert Van der Snickt, Annelies Van Loon, Katrien Keune and Koen Janssens

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:83

    Content type: Research article

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  31. This work presents the results of the evaluation of two Art Nouveau glass windows from the Casa-Museu Dr. Anastácio Gonçalves (Lisbon, Portugal) with IR-thermography during the summer solstice. According to the m...

    Authors: Teresa Palomar, Miguel Silva, Marcia Vilarigues, Isabel Pombo Cardoso and David Giovannacci

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:82

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Yarn samples from the Saltzman Collection of Peruvian dyes were characterized by several different analytical techniques: high performance liquid chromatography with both diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) and e...

    Authors: Ruth Ann Armitage, Daniel Fraser, Ilaria Degano and Maria Perla Colombini

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:81

    Content type: Research article

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  33. An unidentified white substance was observed on the exterior parts of the southern side of Hopperstad Stave Church, located in Vik in Sogn and Fjordane (Norway). One of the 28 remaining stave churches in the c...

    Authors: Marit Lehne, Sara Mantellato, Asel Maria Aguilar Sanchez and Francesco Caruso

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:80

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Spectral images were captured of paper samples varnished with two water-soluble materials: gum arabic and egg white. The samples were submitted to degradation processes that partially or totally eliminated the...

    Authors: M. Martínez Domingo, E. Valero, R. Huertas, M. Durbán, T. Espejo and R. Blanc

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:79

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Alum-treatment was extensively applied to archaeological wood from the Oseberg collection in the early 1900s, and was a common conservation method at the time involving impregnating objects with hot concentrat...

    Authors: Caitlin M. A. McQueen, Jeannette J. Łucejko, Ingrid M. T. Flåte, Francesca Modugno and Susan Braovac

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:78

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Historically, sutras played an important role in spreading Buddhist faith and doctrine, and today these remain important records of Buddhist thought and culture. A Mahamayuri Vidyarajni Sutra with polychrome pain...

    Authors: Liu Liu, Decai Gong, Zhengquan Yao, Liangjie Xu, Zhanyun Zhu and Tonia Eckfeld

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:77

    Content type: Research article

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  37. This study explores the evolution of the manufacturing process of artificial arsenic sulfide pigments in Edo-period Japan through the analysis of three impressions of the same print dated from the 1830s and at...

    Authors: Marc Vermeulen and Marco Leona

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:73

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Historical museums and depositories contain collections with a number of lead objects or historical documents with lead seals. Lead is a metal which has good corrosion resistance under atmospheric conditions. ...

    Authors: Sarka Msallamova, Milan Kouril, Kristyna Charlotte Strachotova, Jan Stoulil, Kateryna Popova, Pavla Dvorakova and Miloslav Lhotka

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:76

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The successful study and conservation of historical objects is greatly enhanced by accurate materials analysis. Here embedded cross-sections from a processional marching banner were viewed by scanning electron...

    Authors: M. J. Smith, T. Schmidt, K. Thompson and M. Dixon

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:74

    Content type: Communication

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  40. The site of Habaqila is located in the area between Inner Mongolia and Liaoning provinces and dated to the 13th–11th centuries BC. It was identified as a metal production workshop of the Lower Xiajiadian Cultu...

    Authors: Chenyuan Li, Yanxiang Li, Lixin Wang, Kunlong Chen and Siran Liu

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:75

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The background of Vermeer’s Girl with a Pearl Earring (c. 1665, Mauritshuis) has, until recently, been interpreted as a flat dark space. The painting was examined in 2018 as part of the research project The Girl ...

    Authors: Abbie Vandivere, Annelies van Loon, Tom Callewaert, Ralph Haswell, Art Ness Proaño Gaibor, Henk van Keulen, Emilien Leonhardt and Joris Dik

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:69

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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