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  1. In this work, pigments of majolicas made between the sixteenth century and eighteenth century from Gerace have been characterized by micro-Raman spectroscopy. Majolica, known also as pottery, was originally us...

    Authors: Irene Barba Castagnaro, Antonello Nucera, Riccardo Cristoforo Barberi and Marco Castriota
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:24
  2. The Post-2015 UN Development Agenda includes culture and links the preservation of cultural heritage (CH) to sustainable development. In principle, sustainable redevelopment of CH should preserve historical qu...

    Authors: Pelagia Gawronek and Tomasz Noszczyk
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:23
  3. Currently, there is a tendency to use Islamic Geometric Patterns (IGPs) as important identities and cultural elements of building design in the Middle East. Despite high demand, lack of information about the p...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Ranjazmay Azari, Mohammadreza Bemanian, Mohammadjavad Mahdavinejad, Axel Körner and Jan Knippers
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:22
  4. According to the final report of the European Union OMC expert group on strengthening cultural heritage resilience for anthropogenic climate change, the impacts of climate change, particularly extreme weather ...

    Authors: Lola Kotova, Johanna Leissner, Matthias Winkler, Ralf Kilian, Stefan Bichlmair, Florian Antretter, Jürgen Moßgraber, Jürgen Reuter, Tobias Hellmund, Katharina Matheja, Michael Rohde and Uwe Mikolajewicz
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:18
  5. In paper degradation studies, the viscosity-average degree of polymerisation (DPv) is often used as a key indicator of the extent of degradation of cellulosic paper. DPv can be deduced from the viscosity of dilut...

    Authors: Siavash Maraghechi, Anne-Laurence Dupont, Ruth Cardinaels, Sabrina Paris-Lacombe, Johan P. M. Hoefnagels, Akke S. J. Suiker and Emanuela Bosco
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:15
  6. Scientific cognition and assessment of threats to cultural heritage and surrounding landscapes are prerequisites for targeted management and protection of cultural heritage. This study took 530 city sites in t...

    Authors: Wei Li, Ruixia Yang, Lijie Yan, Yihan Xie, Honghao Liu and Fulong Chen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:14
  7. The Rockery is often a key element of a Classical Chinese Garden. It’s exquisite detailed physical characteristics a major contributor to artistic value, aesthetic appeal, and the carrier of historical and cul...

    Authors: Chen Yang, Xiaorong Han, Hangbin Wu, Feng Han, Chaoxu Wei and Leigh Shutter
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:13
  8. This work proposes the virtual restoration of the Bodhidharma polychrome sculpture from the Lingyan Temple in China. Based on scientific analyses and simulation experiments, exterior colours and textures were ...

    Authors: Yongdong Tong, Youzhen Cai, Austin Nevin and Qinglin Ma
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:12
  9. Beeswax is a product of honeybees (Apis mellifera) and has been used extensively through time, especially as the primary component in medieval sealing wax for authenticating millions of documents. Today, these se...

    Authors: Tuuli M. Kasso, Renée Enevold, Samuel Johns, Guillermo Rangel-Piñeros, Alberto J. Taurozzi, Alister Sutherland, Max Ramsøe, Lora V. Angelova, Mélanie Roffet-Salque, Matthew J. Collins and Christian Carøe
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:11
  10. Bulging is a common disease suffered by ancient city walls, especially clay brick walls. Bulging affects or even threatens the stability of outer structures of ancient city walls. Therefore, accurate identific...

    Authors: Yungang Hu, Baicheng Feng and Miaole Hou
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:10
  11. The discoloration of pigments caused by deterioration may significantly alter an artifact's original pattern and design, which could have an impact on its intended meaning. The green pigments containing copper...

    Authors: Ling Shen, Chenya Wang, Jiachen Zhang, Biao Cui, Suimin Zhu and Jianqiang Mao
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:9
  12. Hyperspectral imaging technology is a research hotspot in the field of cultural heritage protection. It can be used to quickly and noninvasively obtain detailed spectral information from the surfaces of cultur...

    Authors: Zhenhua Gao, Mingyi Du, Ning Cao, Miaole Hou, Wanfu Wang and Shuqiang Lyu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:8
  13. For the first time, this paper systematises the medieval preparation of black writing inks found in the important thirteenth century Andalusian technical treatise written by Muhammad ibn Idrīs ibn al-Qalalūsī ...

    Authors: Rafael Javier Díaz Hidalgo, Ricardo Córdoba, Hermine Grigoryan, Márcia Vieira, Maria J. Melo, Paula Nabais, Vanessa Otero, Natércia Teixeira, Sara Fani and Hossam Al-Abbady
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:7
  14. Illuminated manuscripts are relatively well studied, but the available publications greatly focus on religious manuscripts of a geographically limited area. In contrast, technical examinations of illuminated l...

    Authors: Verónica Mercado-Oliveras and Jocelyn Alcántara-García
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:6
  15. El-Gendi Fortress is a unique geo-archaeological site in Sinai, Egypt. It reflects the progress of the Islamic military architecture during Saladin’s reign (Salah ad-din al Ayyubi), the founder of the Ayyubid ...

    Authors: Hesham M. El-Asmar, Tamer H. El-Eraky and Maysa M. N. Taha
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:3
  16. The monitoring of wooden pagodas is a very important task in the restoration of wooden pagodas. Traditionally, this labor has always been carried out by surveying personnel, who manually check all parts of the...

    Authors: Ming Guo, Mengxi Sun, Deng Pan, Guoli Wang, Yuquan Zhou, Bingnan Yan and Zexin Fu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:1
  17. The present study focuses on the development of a fast, non-invasive methodology, appropriate for the detection and characterization of biodeterioration present on the surface of archaeological/historical ston...

    Authors: A. Giakoumaki, A. Philippidis, P. Siozos, I. Pyrri, D. Anglos and P. Pouli
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:204
  18. The ancient Qin-Shu roads corridor is one of the important cultural main corridors in China. Throughout China’s long historical and cultural evolution, today’s ancestors created a rich intangible cultural heri...

    Authors: Yuan Liu, Mo Chen and Yonggang Tian
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:201
  19. The study of the microclimate is pivotal for the protection and conservation of cultural heritage. This paper describes specific procedures aimed at the deployment of microclimate sensors in spaces housing col...

    Authors: Francesca Frasca, Elena Verticchio, Andrea Peiró-Vitoria, Andreas Grinde, Alessandro Bile, Claudio Chimenti, Cecilia Conati Barbaro, Gabriele Favero, Eugenio Fazio, F-J Garcia-Diego and Anna Maria Siani
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:200
  20. In recent years, 3D printing technologies have had a considerable impact on the field of conservation and restoration of cultural heritage. Professionals in this sector have been provided with exploratory tool...

    Authors: Emanuel Sterp Moga, Alicia Sánchez-Ortiz and Óscar Hernández-Muñoz
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:199
  21. Fungi and bacteria are important causes of damage to historical textiles. Many methods are used to resist innate damage in historical textiles. The study aim was to use an innovative method that loaded a mahog...

    Authors: Harby E. Ahmed, Sherif Marouf and Wael S. Mohamed
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:198
  22. The effective implementation of preventive conservation strategies requires tools to continuously measure the environmental conditions to which the cultural objects are exposed. In this sense, the European Hor...

    Authors: Jaime Laborda, Ana María García-Castillo, Ricardo Mercado, Andrea Peiró-Vitoria and Angel Perles
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:197
  23. International research is moving towards the development of BIM (Building Information Modelling) libraries applied to the built heritage where one of the main issues to be addressed is the modelling of complex...

    Authors: Rania Aburamadan, Claudia Trillo, Victoria Andrea Cotella, Elena Di Perna, Chiko Ncube, Athena Moustaka, Chika Udeaja and Kwasi Gyau Baffour Awuah
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:196
  24. In this study, physico-mechanical properties and durability of 4 onyx-travertines from Sinincay (Ecuador) were investigated. These onyx-travertines are commonly used for decorative purposes in buildings in the...

    Authors: Martha Romero Bastidas, María del Cisne Aguirre Ullauri, Johanna Ramírez Bustamante, Michel Vargas Vallejo and Edison Castillo Carchipulla
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:194
  25. Historic preservation should be integrated into the broader framework of urban development. This makes preservation through local comprehensive planning a good option. However, few local comprehensive plans ha...

    Authors: Luchen Zhang, Yuexing Tang and Yang Chen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:192
  26. The addition of protein-based additives (e.g. milk, egg white, animal blood) into lime mortars can improve mortar properties such as workability, strengths and durability. With the intent to understand how and...

    Authors: Kun Zhang, Yufan Zhang, Yan Liu, Lu Wang, Lu He, Taoling Dong, Ruicong Lu, Yue Zhang and Fuwei Yang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:190
  27. Using past material and spiritual remains, cultural heritage examines communities’ identity formation across time. Cultural heritage requires public and private institutions to care about its restoration, main...

    Authors: Anibal Alviz-Meza, Manuel H. Vásquez-Coronado, Jorge G. Delgado-Caramutti and Daniel J. Blanco-Victorio
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:189
  28. Red slipped and painted wares (RSW and RPW) were manufactured to cook, serve, or store foods and liquids in the middle Yangtze River valley (MYRV) of China some 8500 and 7800 years ago, respectively. Their pri...

    Authors: Tao Li, Guoyuan Li, Zongyang Li, Tengfei Wu, Hui Tian, Siwei Shan and Lihua Wang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:188
  29. With the recent need to decrease energy use and promote indoor thermal comfort in overheating conditions, attention has been drawn to the passive cooling function of courtyards. This paper aims to determine th...

    Authors: M. Gabriela Toris-Guitron, Carlos J. Esparza-López, Aníbal Luna-León and Carlos Escobar-del Pozo
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:187
  30. Buildings should be constructed such that their energy efficiency is high in different climatic conditions while providing acceptable thermal comfort at the same time. Climatic and architectural incompatibilit...

    Authors: Mohammad Sadegh Taher Tolou Del, Susan Bayat and Niloofar Zojaji
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:185
  31. Origins of medieval lead artefacts are hard to establish due to re-smelting and mixing. One can obtain conclusive evidence from ingots that served for bulk trade and originated directly from the mines. This pa...

    Authors: Beata Miazga, Paweł Duma, Paweł Cembrzyński, Milena Matyszczak and Jerzy Piekalski
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:184
  32. Gelatin, sourced from collagen, is an acid-, alkali- or enzymatically hydrolysed product obtained from animal skins and bones. Gelatin has been widely used for the manufacture of various cultural objects, e.g....

    Authors: Haruki Kuramata, Miho Hashiba, Yuriko Kai, Kazuhisa Nishizawa, Tsuyoshi Inoue, Takane Kikuchi-Ueda, Manabu Uetsuki, Kazuya Yamauchi, Akira Fujisawa and Hiroyuki Oshikane
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:183
  33. Ancient protein analysis provides clues to human life and diseases from ancient times. Paleoproteomics has the potential to give a better understanding of the modes of fabrication of ancient materials, their c...

    Authors: Abdelrazek Elnaggar, Aya Osama, Ali Mostafa Anwar, Shahd Ezzeldin, Salma Abou Elhassan, Hassan Ebeid, Marco Leona and Sameh Magdeldin
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:182
  34. Understanding how the evolving molecular composition of an oil paint layer on its transition to an aged solid film affects its dimensional change and mechanical properties is fundamental to the assessment of m...

    Authors: Arkadiusz Janas, Marion F. Mecklenburg, Laura Fuster-López, Roman Kozłowski, Patrick Kékicheff, Damien Favier, Cecil Krarup Andersen, Mikkel Scharff and Łukasz Bratasz
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:181
  35. The accessioning of ancient textiles into museum collections often requires objective information regarding the object’s appropriateness and authenticity before purchase or gift acceptance. In the case of colo...

    Authors: Gregory D. Smith, Victor J. Chen, Amanda Holden, Negar Haghipour and Laura Hendriks
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:179

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