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  1. Raman spectral references for various formulations of iron gall inks, logwood inks and mixtures of both types were acquired during this study. The samples, either liquid or dry inks and applied on paper, were ...

    Authors: Klara Retko, Lea Legan, Janez Kosel and Polonca Ropret
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:212
  2. China’s northern Fujian, as one of the spatial carriers of renowned traditional Chinese cultures such as Minyue, Zhu Xi’s Neo-Confucianism, tea, and porcelain, has preserved a wealth of tangible cultural relic...

    Authors: Deping Chu, Chengkun Huang and Feiyang Lin
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:210
  3. Seven pieces of gold foils for surface decoration of the lacquerware were excavated in the late Western Han Dynasty tomb in the area of the Jin Yang (晋阳) Ancient City site in Taiyuan (太原), Shanxi (山西), China. ...

    Authors: Zisang Gong, Shengyu Liu, Minghao Jia, Siyuan Sun, Pei Hu, Jingrong Pei, Dongbo Hu and Gang Hu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:207
  4. The recent multi-analytical study carried out on the Van Eyck’s Ghent Altarpiece showed the simultaneous presence of several kinds of metal carboxylates in oil-rich glaze layers. This outcome raised the question ...

    Authors: S. Kirkpatrick, J. Sanyova, K. Janssens and G. Van der Snickt
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:209
  5. The Dongba manuscripts are a unique primitive pictographic writing system that originated among the Naxi people of Lijiang, China, boasting over a thousand years of history. The uniqueness of the Dongba manusc...

    Authors: Yuqi Ma, Shanxiong Chen, Yongbo Li, Jingliu He, Qiuyue Ruan, Wenjun Xiao, Hailing Xiong and XiaoLiang Li
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:206
  6. Gypsification is a common problem in weathered calcareous relics. In previous studies, the solutions of barium hydroxide in water and methanol were used as protectants for gypsification calcareous relics and s...

    Authors: Jingchen Yan, Guang Huang, Xiangnan Li, Qing Liu, Yan Liu, Fuwei Yang, Kun Zhang and Yichen Sun
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:203
  7. New media technologies have opened up new possibilities for the communication of cultural heritage, and digital reading aligns with the participatory shift in museums, becoming an indispensable part of informa...

    Authors: Jingwen Zhang and Chenyu Xu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:208
  8. Archival resources, a photogrammetric survey, analysis of materials and techniques, and evaluation of the state of conservation were interconnected phases in the interdisciplinary research on the perspective s...

    Authors: Fabrizio Antonelli, Rebecca Piovesan, Elena Tesser, Marco Tosato and Emanuela Sorbo
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:205
  9. The preservation and transmission of traditional villages is crucial to the prosperity and development of ethnic cultures. However, current traditional village surveys usually require a large number of experts...

    Authors: Gangyi Tan, Jiangkun Zhu and Zhanxiang Chen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:200
  10. In order to retain the characteristics and style of traditional settlements and respect their layout and structure, it is necessary to carry out original planning and expansion of traditional settlements. This...

    Authors: Peng Peng, Xiangyun Zhou, Shaopu Wu, Yuechen Zhang, Jiajie Zhao, Limin Zhao, Jinyu Wu and Yan Rong
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:196
  11. Aesthetic value is an essential component of outstanding universal value (OUV) for natural world heritage (NWH) site. However, comparisons of aesthetic value lack a set of effective evaluation systems. In the ...

    Authors: Meng Zhang, Kangning Xiong, Xi Zhao and Xiaoxi Lyu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:195
  12. The metaverse for cultural heritage (MCH) serves as a digital platform that enables users to access and engage with cultural heritage resources online. With the rapid expansion of cultural digitisation, many o...

    Authors: Tong-Liang He and Feng Qin
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:193
  13. Ancient murals have suffered from continuous damage over time, and especially paint loss disease. Therefore, disease labeling, as the basis for ancient mural restoration, plays an important role in the protect...

    Authors: Kai Yu, Yucen Hou, Yihao Fu, Wenwei Ni, Qunxi Zhang, Jun Wang and Jinye Peng
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:192
  14. Ancient wooden constructions, also known as wooden cultural relics, refers to ancient wood that has been modified or crafted by human activities. To ensure its preservation, it is crucial to gain further under...

    Authors: Biao Wang, Chengshuai Zhu, Bowen Wang, Bingjian Zhang and Yulan Hu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:189
  15. In 1540, in Ingolstadt, Germany, the influential astronomer and printer Peter Apian produced the Astronomicum Caesareum: a printed and hand-coloured astronomical book visualising the Ptolemaic universe through th...

    Authors: Flavia Fiorillo, Edward Cheese, Sara Öberg Strådal and Suzanne Reynolds
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:190
  16. The vast majority of cultural heritage objects consist of materials that can be subjected to biodeterioration. Currently, there is significant number of publications showing which materials are capable of dest...

    Authors: Daria A. Avdanina and Alexander A. Zhgun
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:187
  17. Among the risks that cities are exposed to, colonization emerges as a multifaceted concern representing historical and modern dimensions that can significantly impact a city’s urban sustainability. This study ...

    Authors: Fatiha Imane Mahcar, Selen Durak, Rachida Benabbou and Tülin Vural Arslan
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:191
  18. The fragility and weakness of historical, archaeological, and heritage leather artifacts in museums, and libraries due to unsuitable environmental conditions are significant challenges. This study aims to asse...

    Authors: Gomaa Abdel-Maksoud, Hanaa El-Sayed Nasr, Sayed Hussein Samaha and Mahmoud Saad-ELdeen Kassem
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:188
  19. In this paper, a method based on transfer learning is proposed to recover the three-dimensional shape of cultural relics faces from a single old photo. It can simultaneously reconstruct the three-dimensional f...

    Authors: Jian Zhu, Bowei Fang, Tianning Chen and Hesong Yang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:186
  20. A diagnostic investigation was carried out on twelfth century Byzantine wall paintings preserved in the Museum of Byzantine and Norman Culture and Figurative Arts of San Marco d’Alunzio (Messina, Italy) on the...

    Authors: Maria Francesca Alberghina, Maria Antonietta Zicarelli, Luciana Randazzo, Salvatore Schiavone, Mauro Francesco La Russa, Maria Labriola, Davide Rigaglia and Michela Ricca
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:184
  21. Along the western coastal plain of the Red Sea, the discovery of lithic tools proved that the occurrence of archaeological remains belonged to the Stone Age era. Unfortunately, until recently, most of the Ston...

    Authors: Hend Elfiky and Abdelaziz Elfadaly
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:185
  22. During the restoration of iron cultural relics, the removal of rust from these artifacts is necessary. However, this rust removal process may lead to inconsistent local color on the iron relics. To address thi...

    Authors: Xuegang Liu, Yuhang Liu, Ke Wang, Yang Zhang, Yang Lei, Hai An, Mingqiang Wang and Yuqiu Chen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:183
  23. The Shibing Karst constitutes a pivotal component of the "South China Karst," and its ecosystem health integrity crucially influences the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the corresponding Natural World He...

    Authors: Lixiang He, Juan Zhang, Bin Yu, Mengshan Hu and Zihao Zhang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:182
  24. An innovative green organogel was designed to simultaneously tackle inorganic compounds (i.e., iron corrosion) and organic substances (i.e., acrylic coatings) as undesired materials possibly present on the sur...

    Authors: Arianna Passaretti, Luana Cuvillier, Giorgia Sciutto and Edith Joseph
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:181
  25. Nursery rhymes provide insights into the traditions, beliefs, and values of a culture, thereby making it an integral part of a community’s heritage. As representative linguistic resources within the intangible...

    Authors: Hongrun Wu, Lei Zhang, Zheming Huang, Zhixin Chen, Weizhong Yang, Xianqun Tong, Yiling Shen, Baozhu Lin and Shunxing Li
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:180
  26. Temperature and humidity variations in burial stone relics can easily cause water vapor condensation, which is an important factor leading to their deterioration. However, the water vapor condensation mechanis...

    Authors: Wentao Shi, Ping Liu, Bo Sun, Qian Wang, Xiaokun Xie, Yuyuan Liang and Changqing Li
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:178
  27. Timely understanding of the preservation status of archaeological human bones is the foundation for conducting scientific archaeological work. This paper applies Micro-CT technology to analyze the microscopic ...

    Authors: Yihang Xi, Xue Ling, Liang Chen, Naisheng Li, Hao Wang and Jun Wang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:177
  28. Existing image super-resolution methods have made remarkable advancements in enhancing the visual quality of real-world images. However, when it comes to restoring Chinese paintings, these methods encounter un...

    Authors: Qiyao Hu, Xianlin Peng, Tengfei Li, Xiang Zhang, Jiangpeng Wang and Jinye Peng
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:176
  29. The relationship between humans and land environment within historical settlements reflects the intricate interplay between human societies, their construction activities, and the specific geographical context...

    Authors: Yang Zhang and Yi He
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:173
  30. Anchor and fissure grouting are used to repair earthen sites. However, the common method to obtain the compressive strength of grouting slurry would cause material, labor, and time losses. In addition the mate...

    Authors: Kai Cui, Huian Shao, Xiangpeng Yu, Qiangqiang Pei and Shuai Zhang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:174
  31. The preservation of cultural heritage, including ancient photographic materials, is of paramount importance in the field of conservation science. In this context, the microbial diversity of ‘Skull and Crossbones’...

    Authors: Mariagioia Petraretti, Antonino De Natale, Angelo Del Mondo, Romualdo Troisi, Olga De Castro, Nicolina Mormile, Mariano Avino, Gennaro Tortino, Giuseppe Oreste Graziano, Alessandro Vergara and Antonino Pollio
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:172
  32. The present study focuses on an icon known as the Panagia Valieriotissa at the Church of Saint Nicholas in Palodeia, Cyprus. The icon is unusual as it contains two depictions of the Virgin Mary and Child. The mai...

    Authors: Dorota Zaprzalska, Ropertos Georgiou, Svetlana Gasanova and Nikolas Bakirtzis
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:170
  33. The article explores advanced image processing techniques for pigment discrimination in rock art paintings, emphasizing color separation using RGB (red, green, blue) and LHCUv (Luminance, Hue, Chroma) imagery. It...

    Authors: Enrique Cerrillo-Cuenca, Marcela Sepúlveda, Gloria Cabello and Fernando Bastías
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:169
  34. This study analyses and compares around 650 years of mosaic mortar production spanning the Roman, late Roman and Umayyad periods, at Gerasa/Jerash in Jordan, offering a better understanding of composition, str...

    Authors: Richard J. Ball, Martin P. Ansell, Tuğçe Büşra Su-Cadirci, Vahiddin Alperen Baki, Philip J. Fletcher, Achim Lichtenberger, Rubina Raja and Will Wootton
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:168
  35. Damage and fracture of archaeological potteries not only jeopardize the long-term preservation but also hinder their exhibition. To repair these pottery sherds effectively, this study introduces a novel inorga...

    Authors: Lina Xie, Yuhu Li, Wenjing Hu, Shiqiang Fang and Xue-Qiang Chen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:164
  36. In the early twentieth century, traditional handicraft was challenged by the latest technology in China. It is reflected by ethnic costumes combining new and old, as in the waistcoat of this study. This waistc...

    Authors: Yue Wang, Lidan Zhan, Yihang Zhou, Jian Liu and Xiaohong Wu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:166
  37. A comprehensive evaluation of collagen-based historical artifacts is crucial for the preservation and inheritance of cultural relics, necessitating interdisciplinary approaches that integrate scientific knowle...

    Authors: Mingrui Zhang, Jia Fan, Jie Liu, Yuzhen Chen, Ying Lu, Yong Lei, Mǎdǎlina Georgiana Albu Kaya and Keyong Tang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:162

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