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  1. Regardless of the tremendous number of studies on ancient Chinese bronzes and fruitful understanding of the raw materials, technologies and their cultural significance, many related issues have still not been ...

    Authors: Huan Yang, Minghui Fang, Yihang Chang, Ruiliang Liu, Zhao Fang and Junchang Yang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:252
  2. The beginning of human settlement in the Hami Basin, located in the eastern part of Xinjiang, has been a focal question for the academic community in China. In particular, the thesis that the immigrating popul...

    Authors: Baodong Zeng, Tao Ma, Yongqiang Wang, Jie Zhang, Liangren Zhang and Xi’en Chang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:247
  3. The present paper presents the analytical study of an unusual Peruvian 1899 dinero coin whose authenticity has been questioned since the 1970’s. This coin, which is present in some numismatic collections although...

    Authors: Luis Ortega-San-Martín and Fabiola Bravo-Hualpa
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:251
  4. The potential impact of vibration from nearby construction on four ancient stone statues in the Qingdao Museum was studied. Simulated but full-scale drilling, excavation and impact breaking were conducted to g...

    Authors: Weixiao Xu, Jixing Zhao, Weisong Yang, Dehu Yu, Lingling Qiu, Zhenlong Chen and Yusheng Qiu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:250
  5. The value of three-dimensional virtual objects are proven in a great variety of applications; their flexibility allowing for a substantial amount of utilization purposes. In cultural heritage this has been use...

    Authors: Markus Sebastian Bakken Storeide, Sony George, Aditya Sole and Jon Yngve Hardeberg
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:249
  6. Inlay celadon was a type of high-end ceramics of the Koryŏ dynasty (918–1392 AD) produced in the Korean Peninsula. It was conveyed to China during the Yuan dynasty (1279–1368 AD) as tribute or trade goods. In ...

    Authors: Dongxue Chang, Zhiqing Zhang, Xiaoshuang Li and Liangren Zhang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:248
  7. In the study of the defense capacity of ancient military settlements, most existing studies have evaluated the defense capacity of citadels qualitatively from a historiographical perspective. There are fewer q...

    Authors: Yinggang Wang, Lifeng Tan, Zao Zhang, Huanjie Liu, Jiayi Liu, Yukun Zhang and Mengqi Mu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:246
  8. Water engineering facilities are a crucial component of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal during the Ming and Qing dynasties, and their distribution is closely related to the hydrological and topographical char...

    Authors: Wang Cheng, Zhang Yiwen, Li Liang, Yan Yihua, Wang Guanhua, Qiu Xin and Zeng Yangqinxue
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:245
  9. A framework was developed to evaluate and compare cleaning systems and cleaning system delivery methods, collectively referred to as varnish removal methods, within art conservation practice. This framework wa...

    Authors: Louise Maria Husby, Cecil Krarup Andersen, Nanna Bjerregaard Pedersen and Bronwyn Ormsby
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:244
  10. Preserving cultural artifacts while minimizing the energy consumption and costs associated with environmental control is crucial. This often requires predicting artifacts degradation caused by temperature and ...

    Authors: Kazuki Ishikawa, Daisuke Ogura, Chiemi Iba, Nobumitsu Takatori and Soichiro Wakiya
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:242
  11. The monitoring and protection of historic buildings require a highly professional team and material resources. Monitoring and protecting historical architectural features is an urgent issue. According to the t...

    Authors: Long Shao and Jianqiao Sun
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:241
  12. In order to ensure the sustainability of cultural, historical and architectural heritage, preserving and restoring historical buildings and transferring them to future generations is one of the important issue...

    Authors: Evren Kavali, Murat Eroğlu, Murat Çakıcı and Fatma Zehra Çakıcı
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:240
  13. Cement-based grouting material is widely used to reinforce the unsafe rock and control seepage of rock-carved relics although it is considered inappropriate in protection of ancient sites. As this approach is ...

    Authors: Wenjing Hu, Shiqiang Fang, Lina Xie, Xueqiang Chen and Bingjian Zhang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:239
  14. Four glass beads from a Scythian burial on the island of Khortytsia (Southern Ukraine) were subjected to 3D imaging using micro-CT and photogrammetry. The aim was to reconstruct the process used to produce and...

    Authors: Dmytro Nykonenko, Oleh Yatsuk, Laura Guidorzi, Alessandro Lo Giudice, Francesca Tansella, Ludovica Pia Cesareo, Giusi Sorrentino, Patrizia Davit, Monica Gulmini and Alessandro Re
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:238
  15. What are Cy Twombly’s sculptures made of? This article presents an overview of a non-destructive examination conducted on three sculptures by American artist Cy Twombly (1928–2011) as part of an art-technologi...

    Authors: Juliana Reinhardt, Michaela Tischer, Simon Schmid, Jochen Kollofrath, Ruben Burger, Philipp Jatzlau, Elisabeth Bushart, Matthias Goldammer and Christian U. Grosse
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:237
  16. ‘Fingerprint’ identification is the key to turquoise provenance studies, but previous studies have met with limited success in China. Turquoises in China mainly occur in altered sedimentary rocks and are forme...

    Authors: Yiheng Xian, Yun Liang, Chun Yu, Liping Yang and Yanwang Wu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:236
  17. Oral history indicates that a large wooden trough held in storage at the University of Kentucky’s William S. Webb Museum of Anthropology was a component of the saltpeter mining operation in Mammoth Cave in the...

    Authors: Katharine G. Napora, George M. Crothers, Carla S. Hadden, Lisa Guerre, Laura J. Waldman, Hugo Reyes-Centeno, James Keppeler, Madeline Imler, Edward Jakaitis, Alexander Metz and Philip B. Mink
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:235
  18. The gradual loss of certain good cultural genes in the traditional ritual system is, to some extent, driven by the value orientation of the art of ancestral hall decoration. This article uses wall paintings as...

    Authors: Weicong Li, Huabin Lv, Yueling Liu, Simin Chen and Wenwen Shi
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:234
  19. The article describes the revolutionary new ways of communicating the written word when moving from the Medieval to Modern period in Europe, primarily the use of paper and moveable typeface printing and how th...

    Authors: Richard G Brereton
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:233
  20. The fossils of Hamipterus tianshanensis (Wang et al. in Curr Biol 24:1323–1330, 2014) and their eggs have important scientific significance because they can provide unique information about the reproduction, deve...

    Authors: Ying Li, Yimin Yang, Xiaolin Wang and Wugan Luo
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:232
  21. We have recently studied northern Finnish archaeological textiles extensively using computed tomography (CT) imaging. These textiles have been found in inhumation burials from the Late Medieval church of Valma...

    Authors: Sanna Lipkin, Ville-Pauli Karjalainen, Hanna-Leena Puolakka and Mikko A. J. Finnilä
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:231
  22. The handheld X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (HH-XRF) is commonly used to detect the inorganic elemental composition of pigments on-site. However, the accuracy of in-situ detection results can be affected by t...

    Authors: Long Zhang, Ziyan Song, Shengda Zuo, Feng Hou and Shuaiqing Chen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:230
  23. There has been widespread concern about the provenance of proto-porcelain in previous studies, which is fundamental in determining the origin of porcelain. However, there are still different opinions on the pr...

    Authors: Wenjing Li, Wugan Luo, Fengchun Huang, Yue Chen and Changsui Wang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:229
  24. Diyarbakır City Walls, one of the longest defensive structures in the world, following the Great Wall of China, the walls of Antakya, and the walls of Istanbul, is a UNESCO World Heritage site since 2015. With...

    Authors: Lale Karataş and Beyhan Bayhan
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:228
  25. In 2013, several tombs were discovered and excavated in Southeastern Beijing, China, yielding various burial products. Among these were pottery towers, a representative artifact of the Han Dynasty rarely found...

    Authors: InHee Go, Jingqi Wen, Xiang He, Naitao Liu and Hong Guo
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:227
  26. This paper explores the effectiveness in the use of texture painting software packages, which are more commonly used in the film and game industries, as a method for detecting and recording carvings on non-pla...

    Authors: Rich Potter, Robin Rönnlund and Jenny Wallensten
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:226
  27. X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy energy spectrum, excitation-emission matrix spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was applied to the unearthed jade with multil...

    Authors: Kexin Zhang, Yaxu Zhang, Jing Zhao, Zhanrui Zhao, Meng Zhao, Xichen Zhao and Hongjie Luo
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:224
  28. In recent years, the conservation and protection of ancient cultural heritage have received increasing attention, and non-destructive testing (NDT), which can minimize the damage done to the test subject, play...

    Authors: Guimin Jiang, Xin Wang, Jue Hu, Yang Wang, Xin Li, Dazhi Yang, Miranda Mostacci, Stefano Sfarra, Xavier Maldague, Qiang Jiang and Hai Zhang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:223
  29. There are many paper manuscripts at museums, stores, and libraries that have different stains. The dust stains and soil remains played an important role in the degradation of these manuscripts. Therefore, the ...

    Authors: Rushdya Rabee Ali Hassan, Haidi M. Hassan, Yassmine A. Mohamed, Mai E. M. Ismail, Yara Farid, Hager Mohamed, Sameh H. Ismail, Mohamed Z. M. Salem and Mostafa Abdel-Hamied
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:221
  30. The knitted cap was the ubiquitous and most visible garment men wore throughout early modern society, from apprentices to royals. Documentary evidence also suggests that red was a conventional color for specif...

    Authors: Paula Nabais, Jane Malcolm-Davies, Maria João Melo, Natércia Teixeira and Beatrice Behlen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:220
  31. In 2006, the Majiayuan Cemetery of the Warring States period (475 BCE to 221 BCE) was discovered in Zhangjiachuan county of Gansu province, northwest China. The thousands of exquisite gold/silver artifacts, br...

    Authors: Liu Liu, Yaozheng Zheng, Yuchen Tang, Shiqi Cai, Yan Xie, Junchang Yang and Zhanyun Zhu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:219
  32. The Liao Dynasty’s highly developed textile industry was characterized as “the best in the world” in ancient Chinese literature. This study analyzed two textiles on a 蹀躞 (DieXie) belt excavated from the No.1 L...

    Authors: Ruochen Ge, Lili Cong, Yongping Fu, Bing Wang, Guiyun Shen, Bing Xu, Mingzhou Hu, Han Yu, Jie Zhou and Lu Yang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:217
  33. The Natural World Heritage site (NWH) has a dual role of protection and utilization. The buffer zone of the South China Karst (SCK) World Heritage (WH) site is scattered with village dwellings, which adds pres...

    Authors: Kangning Xiong, Dong Chen, Juan Zhang, Xinyan Gu and Ning Zhang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:218
  34. Grotto temples in Henan Province, which began in the Northern Wei Dynasty and ended in the Republic of China, have been excavated and repaired to varying degrees in the Sui, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dyn...

    Authors: Yu Li
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:216
  35. The burgeoning field of digital humanities has provided important modern technological means for text mining in literary works. Chinese classical poetry, as a treasure in the world’s artistic treasury, holds s...

    Authors: Jiayan Li, Tao Xu, Xiaoyu Gu, Jingyuan Lin, Mengyu Li, Peiyuan Tao, Xinyue Dong, Peng Yao and Ming Shao
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:212
  36. The development of new alternatives for the protection of metallic heritage aims to improve the performance of the coatings used in recent decades. For this purpose, the performance of three novel or poorly ex...

    Authors: María Teresa Molina, Barbara Salvadori, Emilio Cano, Daniel de la Fuente and Blanca Ramírez-Barat
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:208
  37. This paper presents an innovative health-risk assessment methodology for the preventive protection of metal cultural relics in museums, which is based on the improved rank correlation analysis and AHP fuzzy sy...

    Authors: Dandan Li, Hao Zhou, Fangyuan Xu, Ying Yan, Laiming Wu and Lankun Cai
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:210
  38. This work presents an assessment of the different decoration techniques applied in the two glass windows from the Casa-Museu Dr. Anastácio Gonçalves (Lisbon, Portugal) by Optical coherence tomography (OCT). Th...

    Authors: Teresa Palomar, Magdalena Iwanicka, Isabel Pombo Cardoso, Marcia Vilarigues and Piotr Targowski
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:203
  39. Karst World Heritage Site (KWHS) combines high-grade landscape resources and a fragile ecological environment. As an essential tool for heritage conservation and maintaining local interests, its buffer zone is...

    Authors: Juan Zhang, Kangning Xiong, Zhaojun Liu, Lixiang He, Ning Zhang, Xinyan Gu and Dong Chen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:202
  40. As one of the world’s earliest pottery origins in Eurasia, the role of pottery during Neolithic period in South China remains unclear. Here, we present a new understanding on the utilization pattern of early p...

    Authors: Xiaodi Liu, Meng Ren, Yongxu Fu, Yaowu Hu, Shuzhi Wang and Yimin Yang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:201

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