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  1. Lead-glazed potsherds from archaeological excavations at six Renaissance (1536–1660 CE) sites in southern Denmark and northern Germany have been subjected to etching experiments using 4 wt% acetic acid. The ex...

    Authors: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, George R. Milner, Thomas Delbey, Lisa Kathrine Ivalu Jensen, Frauke Witte, Thilo Rehren, Ulla Kjaer and Poul Grinder-Hansen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:63
  2. Abusir is the name of an elaborate burial area in Egypt, dotted with 19 pyramids and other temples, stretching on the western side of the Nile from the south of the Giza Plateau to the northern rim of Saqqara....

    Authors: Abdelrhman Fahmy, Eduardo Molina-Piernas, Salvador Domínguez-Bella, Javier Martínez-López and Fatma Helmi
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:61
  3. An excavation in 1856 by Charles T. Newton and a re-excavation in 1990–93 by a joint Danish-Turkish team revealed several mosaic floors in a late-antique domus from the fifth century CE, now called the House of C...

    Authors: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, Thomas Delbey, Bjarke Jørgensen, Kasper Høegh Jensen, Birte Poulsen and Poul Pedersen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:62
  4. Cultural heritage objects made of wood can be preserved under waterlogged conditions for many years, where decay is slowed down and the wood structure is more or less completely filled with water. Depending on...

    Authors: Jörg Stelzner, Ingrid Stelzner, Jorge Martinez-Garcia, Damian Gwerder, Markus Wittköpper, Waldemar Muskalla, Anja Cramer, Guido Heinz, Markus Egg and Philipp Schuetz
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:60
  5. Ancient Chinese murals are true portrayals of ancient Chinese life, but well-preserved murals are rare. Therefore, ancient mural preservation and repair are critical. To address the poor superresolution recons...

    Authors: Shang Ma, Jianfang Cao, Zhaoxia Li, Zeyu Chen and Xiaohui Hu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:58
  6. Roasters are clay, quadrilateral vessels that are found in areas of whole Slavic region. For years, there has been a discussion on their functionality, in which various concepts of their use keep appearing. In...

    Authors: Ewa Lisowska, Angelina Rosiak, Agata Sady-Bugajska and Joanna Kałużna-Czaplińska
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:55
  7. Cellulose ethers, like methyl cellulose (MC) or hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC), are widely used in conservation. They also occur as additives and rheology modifiers in various products like dispersions or gels....

    Authors: Simon Steger, Gerhard Eggert, Wolfgang Horn and Christoph Krekel
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:53
  8. This study is to create metadata with a ceramic visual element classification system, such as color, form, material, and pattern, and then to analyze the visual characteristics of Korean ceramics by era throug...

    Authors: Ji Hyun Yi, Hyunsoo Lee and Songei Kim
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:52
  9. The aging behavior of ancient papyri is not entirely understood, although such understanding is crucial for tailored conservation concepts to preserve these precious historical documents for the millennia to c...

    Authors: Florian Bausch, Dickson D. Owusu, Jörg Graf, Thomas Rosenau and Antje Potthast
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:51
  10. Synthetic organic colourants are extremely prominent in heritage collections, particularly throughout textiles. They are often generalized as highly light-sensitive; although, a broad distribution of lightfast...

    Authors: Eric Hagan, Itxel Castro-Soto, Marianne Breault and Jennifer Poulin
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:50
  11. A total of 7 complementary methods have been applied to investigate unique pre-Mongolian 12th century wall paintings from the St. George Cathedral of the Yuriev Monastery in Veliky Novgorod, Russia. Both archa...

    Authors: O. S. Philippova, A. Yu. Dmitriev, T. J. Tsarevskaya and S. O. Dmitrieva
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:49
  12. Characterization of ancient food remains could reflect how people exploited biological resources and interacted with different cultures in antiquity. In this study, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTI...

    Authors: Meng Ren, Renfang Wang and Yimin Yang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:46
  13. A woman’s crown made of fine gilt bronze with refined glass inlay work was excavated from a Sui-Tang tomb called Kunlun M2 in Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, China. Very few female crowns and crown ornaments have bee...

    Authors: Jingnan Du, Tonia Eckfeld, Junchang Yang, Fengrui Jiang, Quanmin Zhang and Yanbing Shao
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:45
  14. This paper presents the pigment characterization in six impressionist and post-impressionist paintings by three leading Puerto Rican artists: Francisco Oller (1833–1917), José Cuchí y Arnau (1857–1925), and Ra...

    Authors: Marc Vermeulen, Annette S. Ortiz Miranda, Diego Tamburini, Sol E. Rivera Delgado and Marc Walton
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:44
  15. The historical (1835–2020) deposition of major air pollutants (SO2, NOx, O3 and PM2.5) indoors, as represented by the monumental Edvard Munch paintings (c. 220 m2) installed in 1916 in the Oslo University Aula in...

    Authors: Terje Grøntoft and Tine Frøysaker
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:43
  16. Located in Pujiang, Chengdu, China, more than four hundred artifacts were unearthed during the excavation of the Warring States (the Warring States period lasts from 475 to 221 BC) ship-shaped graves in 2016. ...

    Authors: Liu Liu, Qing Zhong, Luman Jiang, Pei Li, Lin Xiao, Yangmin Gong, Zhanyun Zhu and Junchang Yang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:36
  17. The striking realism of the life-sized ceramic terracotta warriors has been attracting the interest of the public and archaeologists since they were discovered from the mausoleum complex of the first Chinese E...

    Authors: Yungang Hu, Desheng Lan, Jingyang Wang, Miaole Hou, Songnian Li, Xiuzhen Li and Lei Zhu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:40
  18. A previous preliminary study of 15th-century Venetian manuscript fragments by the Master of the Murano Gradual identified the presence of cobalt in many ultramarine blue areas, suggesting the presence of smalt...

    Authors: Paola Ricciardi, Kathryn A. Dooley, Douglas MacLennan, Giulia Bertolotti, Francesca Gabrieli, Catherine Schmidt Patterson and John K. Delaney
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:38
  19. This study, presented in a pair of articles, defines a comprehensive methodological approach to the reconstruction of a traditional masonry-timber mansion building constructed in the 1880s of the Turkish house...

    Authors: Cemil Akcay, Nail Mahir Korkmaz and Baris Sayin
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:34
  20. Over the years, the methodologies used for graphic representation in archaeology have evolved. The substantial change in representation was achieved with the use of computer software. Currently, 3D sketch scan...

    Authors: Irene Cáceres-Criado, Diego Francisco García-Molina, Francisco-Javier Mesas-Carrascosa and Paula Triviño-Tarradas
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:33
  21. In this contribution a non-destructive approach has been used aiming at investigating the chemical composition of 35 ceramic items belonging to the collections of the Regional Aeolian Museum “Luigi Bernabò Bre...

    Authors: Cristina M. Belfiore, Maria A. Mastelloni, Germana Barone and Paolo Mazzoleni
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:32
  22. Cultural heritage (CH) reflects on the history of a society and its traditions and it is treated as the nation’s memory and identity. Digitizing and web, beside its benefits, brought some challenges in dissemi...

    Authors: Babak Ranjgar, Abolghasem Sadeghi-Niaraki, Maryam Shakeri and Soo-Mi Choi
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:13
  23. The present study aimed to identify pigments used in writing and decorating a Qur'an manuscript related to the early years of the Qajar era, a royal dynasty ruling over Iran from 1789 to 1925. The pigments wer...

    Authors: Alireza Koochakzaei, Samane Alizadeh Gharetapeh and Behrooz Jelodarian Bidgoli
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:30
  24. Monochrome drawn beads were widely circulated in South and Southeast Asia as early as the second century BC. This article aims to identify the glass beads unearthed from different sites in China and discuss th...

    Authors: Qian Ma, A. Mark Pollard, Yifan Yu, Zhuanjie Li, Linling Liao, Long Wang, Man Li, Luwu Cai, Li Ping and Rui Wen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:29
  25. The increasing demand for applying modified inert atmosphere systems for insect eradication in museums has led to the desire for lower-cost consumable materials, particularly laminated plastic films. An ultra-...

    Authors: Manar M. Elkhial and Nesrin M. N. El Hadidi
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:28
  26. Crowdsourced images hold information could potentially be used to remotely monitor heritage sites, and reduce human and capital resources devoted to on-site inspections. This article proposes a combination of ...

    Authors: Ziwen Liu, Rosie Brigham, Emily Rosemary Long, Lyn Wilson, Adam Frost, Scott Allan Orr and Josep Grau-Bové
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:27
  27. Religious schools are institutions for teaching Islamic sciences. Nowadays, many religious schools in Tehran, which were built during the Qajar period, have been destroyed due to natural erosion and urban expa...

    Authors: Mohammad Sadegh Taher Tolou Del, Bahram Saleh Sedghpour and Sina Kamali Tabrizi
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:26
  28. Sandstone grottoes, with their elaborate carvings and decorations, hold high historic, artistic and scientific values and therefore constitute an important part of China’s stone cultural heritage. Although cap...

    Authors: Yue Zhang, Yunmeng Zhang and Jizhong Huang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:25
  29. Flood control initiated Chinese civilization. Chinese civilization has a long history, and Chinese ancestors invented “aquatic engineering technology” for flood control and water management, including the Fasc...

    Authors: Bingjie Mai, Naiming Liu, JiaoJiao Liu, Dan Liu, Jin Li, Juanli Wang, Aidong Chen, Jing Cao and Yuhu Li
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:24
  30. Reconstructions were used as a tool to investigate the use of charcoal and black stone as underdrawing materials in sixteenth century panel paintings with white or off-white preparatory layers. Research was ba...

    Authors: H. P. Melo, Sara Valadas, António João Cruz and António Candeias
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:23
  31. World cultural landscape heritage (WCLH), recognized as a combination of cultural relics and natural landscapes with outstanding significance and universal value, is unique in terms of its differentiation from...

    Authors: Jiami Zhou, Wenhui Wang, Jianqin Zhou, Zhuting Zhang, Zixian Lu and Zhiqiang Gong
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:22
  32. Archaeological silver artifacts are often found to be brittle because of long-term corrosion. However, the restoration of brittle archaeological silver artifacts by thermal treatment has never been quantitativ...

    Authors: Shengyu Liu, Zhuopeng Li, Yihang Zhou, Ruixuan Li, Zhenda Xie, Chudong Liu, Gang Hu and Dongbo Hu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:21
  33. This study applied various scientific analyses to one fragment of paper and three pigments excavated from earthenware found in the Hoeamsa Temple site at Yangju, Korea, which is believed to have been built in ...

    Authors: InHee Go, SeongWoo Mun, JangJon Lee and HyeYoung Jeong
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:20

    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2022 10:47

  34. The Guangyuan Thousand-Buddha grotto is of great value in researching the spread of Buddhism in China. To explore a scientific deterioration degree evaluation method, the authors selected 11 grottos from the m...

    Authors: Xue Yao and Fan Zhao
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:19
  35. The present study reports a series of interdisciplinary archaeometrical analyses of objects found in the Christmas Cave, which was discovered by John Allegro and his team in 1960 on the West Bank of the Dead S...

    Authors: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, Johannes van der Plicht, Ilaria Degano, Francesca Modugno, Maria Perla Colombini, Guillermo de la Fuente, Thomas Delbey, Amos Frumkin, Uri Davidovich, Roi Porat, Orit Shamir, Naama Sukenik, Greg Doudna, Joan Taylor and Mladen Popović
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:18
  36. Heritage science is an inherently practice-oriented field that aims to support our understanding, and conservation, of heritage. Research is commonly undertaken using laboratory or field-based methodologies, b...

    Authors: Jenny Richards and Peter Brimblecombe
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:17
  37. Liu Kang (1911–2004) was renowned Singapore artist trained in Shanghai and Paris, and known for his contributions to the Nanyang style—an art movement practised by migrant Chinese painters in Singapore between...

    Authors: Damian Lizun, Teresa Kurkiewicz, Mateusz Mądry and Bogusław Szczupak
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:16
  38. The high hygroscopicity and heterogeneity of parchment make it particularly sensitive to changes in environmental conditions. The proper housing of a historical parchment, including mounting should mitigate th...

    Authors: Athanasia Papanikolaou, Dorota Dzik-Kruszelnicka and Malgorzata Kujawinska
    Citation: Heritage Science 2022 10:15

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