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  1. Content type: Research article

    The background of Vermeer’s Girl with a Pearl Earring (c. 1665, Mauritshuis) has, until recently, been interpreted as a flat dark space. The painting was examined in 2018 as part of the research project The Girl ...

    Authors: Abbie Vandivere, Annelies van Loon, Tom Callewaert, Ralph Haswell, Art Ness Proaño Gaibor, Henk van Keulen, Emilien Leonhardt and Joris Dik

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:69

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Paintings and painted objects are quite susceptible to degradation, as paint layers are usually composed of complex mixtures of materials that can participate in chemical degradation processes. The identificat...

    Authors: Eric J. Henderson, Kate Helwig, Stuart Read and Scott M. Rosendahl

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:71

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The original firing temperatures of porcelain pieces unearthed from Tengxian Zhonghe kiln, Rongxian Chengguan kiln, Beiliu Lingdong kiln and Guiping Xishan kiln from the Song Dynasty (960–1279AD) of Guangxi we...

    Authors: Yongdong Tong and Changming Wang

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:70

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The use of non-invasive macroscopic imaging techniques is becoming more prevalent in the field of cultural heritage, especially to avoid invasive procedures that damage valuable artworks. For this purpose, an ...

    Authors: Steven De Meyer, Frederik Vanmeert, Rani Vertongen, Annelies van Loon, Victor Gonzalez, Geert van der Snickt, Abbie Vandivere and Koen Janssens

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:67

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Leather artefacts in historical collections and old leather bookbindings in archives and libraries frequently show a variety of visible changes which alter their appearance and ability to be used, such as powd...

    Authors: Elena Badea, Cristina Carşote, Emanuel Hadîmbu, Claudiu Șendrea and Maria-Cristina Lupaș

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:68

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The initial steps that Johannes Vermeer took to create Girl with a Pearl Earring (c. 1665) are, partially or completely, hidden beneath the painted surface. Vermeer’s painting technique involved applying underlay...

    Authors: Abbie Vandivere, Annelies van Loon, Kathryn A. Dooley, Ralph Haswell, Robert G. Erdmann, Emilien Leonhardt and John K. Delaney

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:64

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  7. Content type: Review

    Girl with a Pearl Earring by Johannes Vermeer (c. 1665) is the most beloved painting in the collection of the Mauritshuis in The Hague, The Netherlands. The Girl was last examined during a 1994 restoration treatm...

    Authors: Abbie Vandivere, Jørgen Wadum, Klaas Jan van den Berg and Annelies van Loon

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:66

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  8. Content type: Correction

    After the publication of the original article [1], the authors identified two errors in Table 1.

    Authors: Douglas MacLennan, Laura Llewellyn, John K. Delaney, Kathryn A. Dooley, Catherine Schmidt Patterson, Yvonne Szafran and Karen Trentelman

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:65

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    The original article was published in Heritage Science 2019 7:25

  9. Content type: Research article

    The potential of Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy, to inform the study and conservation of mineralised excavated textiles is discussed, highlighted by two case studies of 5th c. BCE finds. I...

    Authors: Christina Margariti

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:63

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The exploitation of natural sources and later synthetic molecules to generate blue to purple coloration in textiles has a long history in the dyer’s craft. Natural indigoids such as indigo, woad, and Tyrian or...

    Authors: Gregory Dale Smith, Victor J. Chen, Amanda Holden, Melinda H. Keefe and Shannon G. Lieb

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:62

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Using fire experiments, we investigate claims that black organic residues on lithics found in Stone Age sites are markers for heat treatment of rocks in the embers of aboveground wood fires. We buried sedges o...

    Authors: Lyn Wadley, Susan Luong, Christine Sievers and Linda Prinsloo

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:59

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Here we first report a piece of K2O–PbO–SiO2 ancient glass opacified by fluorite dendrites with archaeological background. This piece of glass was excavated from Nanhai I shipwreck, a merchant ship once heading f...

    Authors: Yihang Zhou, Yuewen Jin, Kai Wang, Jian Sun, Yong Cui and Dongbo Hu

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:56

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  13. Content type: Research article

    For the last 30 years, the cultural heritage sector has undertaken research into pesticide residues in museum objects. However, quantitative studies of volatile residues remain scarce. This research presents a...

    Authors: Fabiana Portoni, Josep Grau-Bové and Matija Strlič

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:58

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Red is undoubtedly one of the principal colors in Iranian carpets. During the twentieth century, a golden era for Iranian carpet production and export industry, madder was still one of the primary constituents...

    Authors: Zohreh Chahardoli, Ina Vanden Berghe and Rocco Mazzeo

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:57

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Fragments of painted limestone reliefs from the Palace of Apries in Upper Egypt excavated by Flinders Petrie in 1908–1910 have been investigated using visible-induced luminescence imaging, micro X-ray fluoresc...

    Authors: Signe Buccarella Hedegaard, Thomas Delbey, Cecilie Brøns and Kaare Lund Rasmussen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:54

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Although the fully grouted tension anchorage system (T-anchorage system) has been widely used in the field of anchoring of earthen heritage sites, it has always suffered from the failure of the bolt–slurry int...

    Authors: Donghua Wang, Kai Cui, Guopeng Wu, Fei Feng and Xiangpeng Yu

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:52

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  17. Content type: Research article

    In-depth technical and art historical research into Jan Steen’s (ca. 1626–1679) oeuvre has been a focus at the Mauritshuis since 2012, as part of the Partners in Science collaboration with Shell. The aim of th...

    Authors: Marya Albrecht, Onno de Noord, Sabrina Meloni, Annelies van Loon and Ralph Haswell

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:53

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Deacidification is an established conservation treatment for the prolongation of the acidic paper stability. Several different deacidification systems are in use today, such as the dispersions of alkaline nano...

    Authors: Jasna Malešič, Mariša Kadivec, Matjaž Kunaver, Tina Skalar and Irena Kralj Cigić

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:50

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  19. Content type: Communication

    Polyurethane (PUR) shoe soles from collections held by the Alfred Gillett Trust, stored for up to 50 years, were analysed for the presence of 4,4′-diaminodiphenylmethane (4,4′-MDA)—a substance of very high con...

    Authors: Robert Tillotson, Timothy E. Crumplin, Graham J. Jones, George Marshall and Joe Dawson

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:49

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Nowadays the use of laser technology as a highly precise tool for the cleaning of paintings is gaining ground. The development of a non-invasive analytical protocol aimed at thorough assessment of the treated ...

    Authors: Patrizia Moretti, Magdalena Iwanicka, Kristalia Melessanaki, Evdoxia Dimitroulaki, Olga Kokkinaki, Melissa Daugherty, Marcin Sylwestrzak, Paraskevi Pouli, Piotr Targowski, Klaas Jan van den Berg, Laura Cartechini and Costanza Miliani

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:44

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The artist Odilon Redon (1840–1916) was a French symbolist known for both the dark, surreal prints and drawings he created in the first half of his career, as well as the colorful pastel works that characteriz...

    Authors: Nathan S. Daly, Michelle Sullivan, Lynn Lee, John K. Delaney and Karen Trentelman

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:43

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  22. Content type: Research article

    We describe a procedure for ascertaining the extent of diagenesis in archaeological human skeletons through the distribution of Sr, Ba, Cu, Pb, Fe, and Mn in cross-sections of femoral cortical bone. Element ma...

    Authors: Kaare Lund Rasmussen, George Milner, Lilian Skytte, Niels Lynnerup, Jørgen Lange Thomsen and Jesper Lier Boldsen

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:41

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Paraloid® is one of the most frequently used acrylic polymers, employed mainly for its adhesive and consolidating properties in the conservation of a wide range of materials. Appreciated for its reversibility, me...

    Authors: Armand Vinçotte, Emmie Beauvoit, Nicolas Boyard and Elodie Guilminot

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:42

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  24. Content type: Research article

    When rain impacts a building façade, it is essential that once it has entered, it leaves by evaporation to help the building dry out. Accumulation of moisture can lead to internal dampness, mould and decay of ...

    Authors: Lucie Fusade, Scott Allan Orr, Chris Wood, Meriel O’Dowd and Heather Viles

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:38

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  25. Content type: Review

    Biocodicology, the study of the biological information stored in manuscripts, offers the possibility of interrogating manuscripts in novel ways. Exploring the biological data associated to parchment documents ...

    Authors: Sarah Fiddyment, Matthew D. Teasdale, Jiří Vnouček, Élodie Lévêque, Annelise Binois and Matthew J. Collins

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:35

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The fuel residues in two bronze lamps excavated from Haihunhou Tomb in the Han Dynasty, in Jiangxi Province, China, were studied in this paper. The techniques of Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy...

    Authors: Huarui Han, Shuya Wei, Jun Yang, Li Guan and Wenhuan Li

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:37

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  27. Content type: Research article

    In this research, we propose an advanced system for the cleaning of wax-based coatings applied on indoor bronzes. To this aim we developed a new kind of eco-friendly gel based on PHB (poly-3-hydroxybutyrate) u...

    Authors: Jia Yiming, Giorgia Sciutto, Silvia Prati, Emilio Catelli, Monica Galeotti, Simone Porcinai, Laura Mazzocchetti, Chiara Samorì, Paola Galletti, Loris Giorgini, Emilio Tagliavini and Rocco Mazzeo

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:34

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Many Middle Stone Age sites in South Africa yielded hundreds, even thousands, of ochre pieces sometimes showing use traces. Less attention has been paid to the tools used for their processing. Here, seven tool...

    Authors: Marine Wojcieszak and Lyn Wadley

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:24

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The city of Nájera, located in the north of the Iberian Peninsula, hosts an alcazar of Arab origin, which became the residence of the king of Pamplona-Nájera and later of the duke and duchess of Nájera. From t...

    Authors: Estefania Calparsoro, Uxue Sanchez-Garmendia, Gorka Arana, Maite Maguregui and Javier G. Iñañez

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:33

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The impact of solvent exposure on oil paintings and the differences between solvent application methods are longstanding topics in cleaning studies. Solvent exposure is ideally kept to a minimum, because solve...

    Authors: Lambert Baij, Alina Astefanei, Joen Hermans, Francine Brinkhuis, Heleen Groenewegen, Louise Chassouant, Sofia Johansson, Garry Corthals, Caroline Tokarski, Piet Iedema and Katrien Keune

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:31

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Chloride ions are an important actor in the corrosion of iron-based archaeological artifact. To stop this degradation, excavated objects are subjected to dechlorination treatment. However, there is no guarante...

    Authors: Mathieu Jacot-Guillarmod, Katharina Schmidt-Ott, David Mannes, Anders Kaestner, Eberhard Lehmann and Claire Gervais

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:29

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  32. Content type: Research article

    A water based epoxy–silica consolidant and variants of the same consolidant containing silica nanoparticles (NP) were applied to Globigerina Limestone (GL) blocks by brushing and full immersion techniques. The...

    Authors: Sophie M. Briffa and Daniel A. Vella

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:30

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Many objects of culture heritage, comprised of leather, need to receive the right treatment to be restored and to elongate their lifespan. Determination of the degradation degree and even better the type of th...

    Authors: Gabriela Vyskočilová, Matthäa Ebersbach, Radka Kopecká, Lubomír Prokeš and Jiří Příhoda

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:26

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The size, shape, and application techniques of gold leaf in fourteenth- and fifteenth-century gold ground panel paintings attributed to artists working in Florence, Siena, and Fabriano was directly visualized ...

    Authors: Douglas MacLennan, Laura Llewellyn, John K. Delaney, Kathryn A. Dooley, Catherine Schmidt Patterson, Yvonne Szafran and Karen Trentelman

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:25

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2019 7:65

  35. Content type: Research article

    A series of Burmese lacquered objects decorated with the yun (incised) technique and belonging to the British Museum’s collection was analysed with the aim to investigate the decorative materials—lacquer, binding...

    Authors: Diego Tamburini, Verena Kotonski, Anna Lluveras-Tenorio, Maria Perla Colombini and Alexandra Green

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:28

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  36. Content type: Research article

    This work highlights the rediscovery of the technique of reverse glass painting by the artists of the “Blaue Reiter” collective in the early 20th-century and focusses particularly on the role of Wassily Kandin...

    Authors: Simon Steger, Diana Oesterle, Simone Bretz, Lisa Frenzel, Heike Stege, Iris Winkelmeyer, Oliver Hahn and Gisela Geiger

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:27

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