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  1. This paper presents an innovative health-risk assessment methodology for the preventive protection of metal cultural relics in museums, which is based on the improved rank correlation analysis and AHP fuzzy sy...

    Authors: Dandan Li, Hao Zhou, Fangyuan Xu, Ying Yan, Laiming Wu and Lankun Cai
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:210
  2. This work presents an assessment of the different decoration techniques applied in the two glass windows from the Casa-Museu Dr. Anastácio Gonçalves (Lisbon, Portugal) by Optical coherence tomography (OCT). Th...

    Authors: Teresa Palomar, Magdalena Iwanicka, Isabel Pombo Cardoso, Marcia Vilarigues and Piotr Targowski
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:203
  3. Karst World Heritage Site (KWHS) combines high-grade landscape resources and a fragile ecological environment. As an essential tool for heritage conservation and maintaining local interests, its buffer zone is...

    Authors: Juan Zhang, Kangning Xiong, Zhaojun Liu, Lixiang He, Ning Zhang, Xinyan Gu and Dong Chen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:202
  4. As one of the world’s earliest pottery origins in Eurasia, the role of pottery during Neolithic period in South China remains unclear. Here, we present a new understanding on the utilization pattern of early p...

    Authors: Xiaodi Liu, Meng Ren, Yongxu Fu, Yaowu Hu, Shuzhi Wang and Yimin Yang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:201
  5. Architectural heritage is vulnerable to disasters. Digital technologies can fight destruction and can ensure integrity by monitoring, managing and protecting architectural heritage from disasters. In this pape...

    Authors: Yuan Li, Yanan Du, Mengsheng Yang, Jiaqi Liang, Huanxia Bai, Rui Li and Andrew Law
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:199
  6. Cultural heritage management poses significant challenges for museums due to fragmented data, limited intelligent frameworks, and insufficient applications. In response, a digital cultural heritage management ...

    Authors: Y. Yuexin Huang, S. Suihuai Yu, J. Jianjie Chu, H. Hao Fan and B. Bin Du
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:204
  7. Destruction caused by excessive moisture is a common problem in heritage buildings made of brick. Historic buildings usually have walls that of different constructions, i.e. walls with all joints filled, walls...

    Authors: Natalia Szemiot, Anna Hoła and Łukasz Sadowski
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:198
  8. Pigments on four easel paintings signed by Mohammad Ghaffari (latter Kamal al-Molk), the renowned Persian painter lived from the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century, kept at the Astan-e Qods-e Razavi M...

    Authors: Sima Roohi and Parviz Holakooei
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:197
  9. The reactivities of various fatty monoacids and diacids on copper metal-containing surfaces were investigated through reflection–absorption infrared spectroscopy. The formation of copper carboxylates is detect...

    Authors: Stamatis C. Boyatzis, Leonidas Fragkos-Livanios, Maria Giannoulaki and Anna Filopoulou
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:196
  10. The process of staining was frequently employed to enhance or alter the color of agate beads in ancient times. One of the key challenges in studying ancient beads is comprehending the intricate techniques empl...

    Authors: Xiaoguang Li, Haozhong Xue, Xinhua Wu, Dahai Qin, Daiming Chen, Jiangyan Yuan and Zihua Tang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:195
  11. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are often preferred for modeling cultural heritage buildings due to their costs and time savings. The need for data collection, analysis, processing, and visual presentation in ...

    Authors: Bahadir Ergun, Cumhur Sahin and Furkan Bilucan
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:194
  12. The Great Wall of China was a military facility that has been continuously built and used for over thousands of years, and is a world-renowned cultural heritage site today. The plants growing on top surface of...

    Authors: Jianbin Pan, Nuo Xu, Yuyang Tang, Meijing Cheng, Lin Zhang, Bing Wang and Jingwen Lan
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:191
  13. Accurate registration of 3D scans is crucial in creating precise and detailed 3D models for various applications in cultural heritage. The dataset used in this study comprised numerous point clouds collected f...

    Authors: Piotr Foryś, Robert Sitnik, Jakub Markiewicz and Eryk Bunsch
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:190
  14. Excavations at the Chalcolithic site Fazael in the central Jordan Valley uncovered a large number of metal items, many of them polymetallic copper alloys cast in the lost wax technique. Metallography and SEM–E...

    Authors: Thomas Rose, Stefano Natali, Andrea Brotzu, Shay Bar and Yuval Goren
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:193
  15. Apart from many lost wax cast metal fragments, crucible fragments and several heated sediment nodules were found at the Chalcolithic site Fazael 2 (central Jordan Valley). Petrographic investigations on the he...

    Authors: Thomas Rose, Shay Bar, Yotam Asscher and Yuval Goren
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:192

    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2023 11:200

  16. Traditional villages are repositories for preserving human artifacts and cultural heritage. An investigation of the spatial distribution characteristics and factors influencing traditional villages in provinci...

    Authors: Wenxiang Liu, Ying Xue and Cun Shang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:185
  17. The Beibai’e cemetery is a high-status noble tomb group from the early Spring–Autumn period (770 B.C–476 B.C). Three sealed bronze vessels with mud and liquid residues were excavated from the M1 tomb. In a pre...

    Authors: Yufang Li, Ganyu Zhang, Puheng Nan, Jiyun Yang, Jun Cao, Zhikun Ma, Wei Ge and Rui Wen
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:184
  18. This manuscript explores the potential of macro-X-ray fluorescence (MA-XRF) for the non-invasive analysis of heritage textiles. XRF, especially with the portable instruments, is a well-known technique for the ...

    Authors: Ina Vanden Berghe, Marina Van Bos, Maaike Vandorpe and Alexia Coudray
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:183
  19. The mineralogy, geochemical mass balance, sulfur isotope, and micro-structure of the sandstone in the Nankan Grotto were analyzed to explore the weathering mechanisms of the subflorescence and crust patterns. ...

    Authors: Xuening Zhang, Sixiang Ling, Xiyong Wu and Jiawen Xie
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:181
  20. Medieval paper, a handmade product, is made with a mould which leaves an indelible imprint on the sheet of paper. This imprint includes chain lines, laid lines and watermarks which are often visible on the she...

    Authors: Tamara G. Grossmann, Carola-Bibiane Schönlieb and Orietta Da Rold
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:180
  21. Urbanization is inevitable in both developing and developed countries. However, this growth and transformation of the urban area can pose a significant threat to urban cultural heritage, which is a sensitive c...

    Authors: Li Fu, Qingping Zhang, Yizhou Tang, Jie Pan and Qun Li
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:177
  22. The Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes are a significant cultural heritage site in the Silk Road, famous for its wonderful murals and statues. The rainfall causes the changes of humidity in the caves, which can easily ac...

    Authors: Hongli Liu, Qiang Zhang, Zhengmo Zhang, Qinglin Guo, Wangbin Lin and Wenqiang Gao
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:176
  23. Cotton (Gossypium species) was used as textile fibre already in the early Indus culture, and since then it has been cultivated in Tropical and Subtropical regions around the whole planet. The species G. hirsutum ...

    Authors: Jenni A. Suomela, Mira Viljanen, Kirsi Svedström, Krista Wright and Sanna Lipkin
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:175
  24. The present study employs a multidisciplinary approach to highlight the risks of urban expansion on buried cultural heritage sites. The buried temple of Ramses II in Akhmim city was chosen as a case study to a...

    Authors: Mohammed Hagage, Ahmed A. Madani, Ahmed Aboelyamin and Salwa F. Elbeih
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:174
  25. Changes in precipitation, temperature and humidity can lead to the weathering of rock masses in grottoes; these changes are common in sandstone grottoes. To simulate this cyclic process, different salt solutio...

    Authors: Bo Sun, Xingyue Li, Kai Cui, Jie Hong, Rui Chen, Chen Jia and Ningbo Peng
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:173
  26. The Incas appropriated many local metallurgical technologies throughout the Andes, each of which had its unique peculiarities and was based on local ancestral knowledge. The widespread use of tin-bronze during...

    Authors: María Teresa Plaza, Francisco Garrido and David Larreina-García
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:171
  27. Some early violins have been reduced during their history to fit imposed morphological standards, while more recent ones have been built directly to these standards. We propose an objective photogrammetric app...

    Authors: Philémon Beghin, Anne-Emmanuelle Ceulemans, Paul Fisette and François Glineur
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:170
  28. Metal soaps, the organic salts resulting from the interaction of fatty acids and metal cations, arouse interest in the scientific field because of their versatility in a great range of chemical applications as...

    Authors: Silvia Russo, Laura Brambilla, Jean Baptiste Thomas and Edith Joseph
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:172
  29. Located in Dunhuang, northwest China, the Mogao Grottoes are a cultural treasure of China and the world. However, after more than 2000 years of weathering and destruction, many murals faded and were damaged. T...

    Authors: Zhigang Xu, Chenmin Zhang and Yanpeng Wu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:169
  30. The numerous new pigments that gradually became available to artists during the nineteenth-century Colour Revolution were received with contrasting attitudes. The initial enthusiasm for new chromatic possibili...

    Authors: Tea Ghigo, Michele Occhipinti, Andrew Beeby, Kelly Domoney and Daniel Bone
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:168
  31. The conservation and preservation of shadow puppet artifacts is an important task that requires accurate assessment of their preservation status. Currently, there are many shadow puppet artifacts in collection...

    Authors: Xinyi Lei, Long Li, Xinyu Liu and Zhiyan Du
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:166
  32. The Transfiguration by Giovanni Bellini in the Museo di Capodimonte (Naples) is an iconic image of a transcendental event at the heart of the Christian religion. Using non-destructive chemical imaging, and focusi...

    Authors: Laurence de Viguerie, Helen Glanville, Marie Radepont, Angela Cerasuolo, Alessandra Rullo, Claudio Seccaroni and Philippe Walter
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:163
  33. Confirmed since the twelth century, the Saxon community in Transylvania developed over the years in a rigorous powerful society, with its own lifestyle, social, economic, cultural and artistic standards. Toget...

    Authors: Irina Petroviciu, Iulia Teodorescu, Silvana Vasilca, Florin Albu and Andrei Medvedovici
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:164

    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2023 11:205

  34. Frequent fluctuations in microclimate inevitably cause serious irreversible damage to cultural heritage (such as high risks of cracking, flaking, salt efflorescence, swelling, disaggregation, surface layer det...

    Authors: Yanjie Zhang and Yajun Wang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2023 11:158

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