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  1. Scientific analysis of excavated pottery reveals critical archaeological insights, yet data on Han Dynasty pottery remains limited. This study focuses on pottery artifacts excavated from the Daqu burial site i...

    Authors: Xiang He, Jingqi Wen, Zhang He, InHee Go, Naitao Liu and Hong Guo
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:126
  2. The relationship between social factors and the formation of exported mug designs is blurred. This study addresses how they influence material design. Based on a quantitative typological analysis, this paper i...

    Authors: Jinghui Ao, Zilin Xu, Weicong Li, Shanshan Ji and Ran Qiu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:125
  3. Three methods can be used to evaluate the colour used on architectural heritage: manual evaluation, instrumental measurement, and process restoration. Optical instruments that can obtain relatively accurate ch...

    Authors: Jie Shao, Luke Li, Yutong Jiang, Xin Liu and Hong Yang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:124
  4. Restoring the murals' various kinds of deteriorations is urgently necessary given the growing awareness of the need to protect cultural relics. Virtual restoration starts with an accurate extraction of deterio...

    Authors: Kezhen Qiao, Miaole Hou, Shuqiang Lyu and Lihong Li
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:123
  5. The rise in sea levels, driven by global climate change, poses a significant threat to cultural heritage in coastal regions. Traditional risk assessment methods, focusing on direct inundation, often fail to co...

    Authors: Zihua Chen, Qian Gao, Xiaowei Li, Xiaohui Yang and Zhenbo Wang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:121
  6. Over recent decades, various heritage institutions have utilized a multitude of materials to reinforce the painted layers of ancient Chinese wooden architecture. In this study, we conducted a comprehensive eva...

    Authors: Kezhu Han, Gele Teri, Cong Cheng, Yuxiao Tian, Dan Huang, Mantang Ge, Peng Fu, Yujia Luo and Yuhu Li
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:122
  7. Scientifically validating the value of rural heritage and exploring construction wisdom has emerged as a significant challenge in the study of rural settlements worldwide. Rural heritage shows significant diff...

    Authors: Wei Xiong, Licheng Wang, Mengyuan Tu, Xiang Li, Siwei Jiang and Qinglin Liu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:120
  8. Nanjing Yunjin, a traditional Chinese silk weaving craft, is celebrated globally for its unique local characteristics and exquisite workmanship, forming an integral part of the world's intangible cultural heri...

    Authors: Liang Xu, Lu Lu, Minglu Liu, Chengxuan Song and Lizhen Wu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:118
  9. As an authoritative institution in cultural heritage conservation, ICOMOS plays a crucial role in guiding local communities’ participation in heritage conservation. However, its scattered and vague description...

    Authors: Yishu Xu, Yuexing Tang and Luchen Zhang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:116
  10. Traditional villages hold a vital place in Chinese vernacular built heritage continuation with their colors being a significant constituent of the built environment. While digital technology has advanced our u...

    Authors: Gangyi Tan, Zhanxiang Chen, Miao Xue and Yanfei Jia
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:115
  11. The cultural heritage sector includes a significant variety and complexity of data and information. Making this accessible today represents one of the main aims of cultural institutes. The connections between ...

    Authors: Maria Laura Nappi, Mario Buono, Camelia Chivăran and Rosa Maria Giusto
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:112
  12. Traditional settlements are vital carriers of Chinese history and culture, reflecting the direct and original needs of generations. However, the modernization of settlements will inevitably disrupt the spontan...

    Authors: Peng Peng, Yating Fu, Xiangyun Zhou, Shaopu Wu, Jiajie Zhao and Yuechen Zhang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:109
  13. Oracle bone inscriptions (OBIs) are the earliest Chinese characters and reserve abundant historical information. OBIs are detected by locating their positions in digital images. This has been a foundational ta...

    Authors: Xinran Fu, Rixin Zhou, Xi Yang and Chuntao Li
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:107
  14. Alegoría de la construcción and Alegoría del trabajo were the first mural paintings commissioned to Saturnino Herrán (1887–1918), and they occupied a significant place in one of the most important schools in M...

    Authors: Nathael Cano, Oscar G. de Lucio, Miguel Pérez, Alejandro Mitrani, Edgar Casanova and José Luis Ruvalcaba Sil
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:106
  15. Deterioration development is a recognized worldwide threat to rock carvings, especially in humid regions of southern China. Cultural heritage managers thus require precise identification of different deteriora...

    Authors: Chiwei Chen, Haiqing Yang, Xingyue Li, Gang Zhao and Jianghua Ni
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:105
  16. Soot stain from diverse sources is the most common stain that stains historical paper documents found in libraries, museums, and storage facilities. It is believed to be one of the types of deterioration that ...

    Authors: Mostafa Abdel-Hamied, Haidi Mahmoud Hassan, Yassmine Adel Mohamed, Mai Emad Moustafa Ismail, Yara Farid, Hager Mohamed, Sameh H. Ismail, Mohamed Z. M. Salem and Rushdya Rabee Ali Hassan
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:104
  17. The fracture toughness in opening mode GIc for selected oil paints from Mecklenburg's Paint Reference Collection after approximately 30 years of natural ageing was determined using the procedure adopted from the ...

    Authors: Arkadiusz Janas, Nefeli Avgerou, Maria N. Charalambides, Laura Fuster-López and Łukasz Bratasz
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:103
  18. The paper presents a study on corrosion prediction for preventive aeronautical heritage protection, considering the aeronautical heritage stored or exhibited in an aviation museum. For the purpose of the study...

    Authors: Michal Kuchař, Cyril Oswald, Jaromír Fišer, Miroslav Khol, Goran Simeunović, Tomáš Vyhlídal, Elodie Guilminot and Jane Echinard
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:102
  19. Currently, the use of digital technology for the protection and research of cultural heritage has become a trend in this field. Rockeries in Chinese classical gardens have become an important cultural heritage...

    Authors: Xinchen Li, Xiaoxiao He, Yuqing Xiao, Shizhen Jia and Ke Qin
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:101
  20. Defensive capability is one of the essential attributes of traditional military settlements. In the Ming dynasty, coastal Wei fort was the one of the most functionally complex and wide-ranging fortifications i...

    Authors: Jiayin Zhou, Yilin Jiang, Jiayi Liu, Lifeng Tan and Lingxin Meng
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:100
  21. The city centre of Khiva (Uzbekistan), called Itchan Kala, is an architectural complex included in the UNESCO list of tangible cultural heritage. One of the historic buildings in it is the Juma Mosque. It has ...

    Authors: Marek Milosz, Jacek Kęsik and Utkir Abdullaev
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:99
  22. Salt crystallization is one of the most important factors causing weathering in grottoes. Cumulative crystallization of salts causes damage such as flaking and peeling of the rocks and accelerates the weatheri...

    Authors: Yumeng Sheng, Ping Liu, Wentao Shi, Bo Sun, Ningbo Peng, Dading Jiao and Changqing Li
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:98
  23. The Ming Great Wall Military Defense System is the most complete ancient military cultural heritage in China, which is of great significance to the study of China’s ancient military defense mechanism and patte...

    Authors: Xixuan Fan, Zhen Wang and Shifen Li
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:97
  24. The heritage value of the historic urban countryside, as a remnant in the transition between the urban boundary and the natural environment, is a consequence of the spatial and temporal evolution of the city. ...

    Authors: Xufang Li, Xiangpin Zhou, Feifan Weng, Fanzhuo Ding, Yijing Wu and Zhenxin Yi
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:96
  25. Carl Wilhelm Scheele's notorious toxic pigment, commonly referred to as “Scheele's green” often resulted in a mixture of products with unknown chemical composition. Positive identification of the pigment has b...

    Authors: Leonardo Pantoja Munoz
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:94
  26. Since the introduction of the Oddy test in 1973, many museums and cultural institutions have put the method in use, developing their own versions and protocols. Currently the 3-in-1 version, temperature at 60 ...

    Authors: Ivan Díaz, Alba Alvarez-Martin, Josep Grau-Bové, Sara Norrehed, Barbara Salvadori, Ida Kraševec, Daniel Duran-Romero and Emilio Cano
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:95
  27. Tibetan Buddhism has an inseparable connection with the spatial characteristics, development process, and human-natural environment of the Tibetan Plateau. This paper takes monasteries as carriers of Tibetan B...

    Authors: Subin Fang, Yaolong Zhao, Xinxin Liu and Yao Yang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:93
  28. This research focuses on the study of pigment-medium interactions in the film forming, ageing and degradation mechanisms of modern white oil paints observed in the Neoplasticist painting Composition dans le cône ...

    Authors: Francesca Caterina Izzo, Margherita Gnemmi, Miguel Ángel Herrero-Cortell, Ana María García-Castillo, María Teresa Martínez-López and Laura Fuster-López
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:92
  29. Superficial weathering in the form of granular disaggregation, powdering and flaking on stone surface is one of the most serious damages to stone heritages, since the surface carries most of the artistic, hist...

    Authors: Xuemei Wang, Hongjie Luo, Haidong Yu, Can Xiong, Hui Dai, Bo Rong and Xiao Huang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:91
  30. Large amount of ivory was excavated from Sanxingdui site which was waterlogged, severely degraded and in urgent need for conservation. There has been much effort for the conservation of waterlogged ivory by sc...

    Authors: Yusong Liu, Qingmeng Xu, Sifan Li, Zhenbin Xie, Qiang Li, Hongjie Luo and Shidong Ji
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:90
  31. Panel paintings are multi-layer structures composed of humidity-sensitive materials. Preventing or limiting stresses in these structures, generated by the loss or gain of moisture, requires an understanding of...

    Authors: Sergii Antropov and Łukasz Bratasz
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:89
  32. The bronze mou was an important artifact commonly used in the Ba-Shu region (now in Chongqing and Sichuan Province) during the Spring and Autumn Period and the Han Dynasty. Although extensive archaeological st...

    Authors: Liwei Tan, Xiaopan Fan, Huiyun Rao, Hui Zhang and Yimin Yang
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:88
  33. This paper presents the use of X-ray computed tomography and X-ray fluorescence in the analysis and expert research of the seventeenth century printed book "Eukhologīon albo Molitoslov, ili Trebnik" from Kiev....

    Authors: Daniel Vavřík, Andrei Kazanskii, Jitka Neoralová, Rita Lyons Kindlerová, Dana Novotná, Petra Vávrová, Ivana Kumpová, Michal Vopálenský and Tomáš Kyncl
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:87
  34. Prehistoric rock carvings are one of Scotland’s most enigmatic and poorly understood monument types. This article discusses the pioneering approach used by Scotland’s Rock Art Project to enhance understanding ...

    Authors: Tertia Barnett, Joana Valdez-Tullett, Linda Marie Bjerketvedt, Frederick Alexander-Reid, Maya Hoole, Stuart Jeffrey and Guillaume Robin
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:86
  35. The richly decorative and imaginative works by French artist Séraphine Louis (1864–1942) have long elicited fascination, and her working methods have often eluded art historians and conservators alike. Working...

    Authors: Abed Haddad, Ken Sutherland, Silvia A. Centeno, Gwénaëlle M. Kavich, Maria Kokkori, Caroline Hoover, Diana Hartman-Drumm, Nathalie Balcar and Gilles Barabant
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:85
  36. This research delves into the investigation of a ceramic sample discovered in the southern sector of the Durrës Amphitheatre, with a primary focus on comprehending its composition, origin, and cultural importa...

    Authors: Chiara Casolino, Francesca Falcone, Maria Grazia Perna, Elvana Metalla, Gianluigi Rosatelli, Francesco Stoppa and Sonia Antonelli
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:84
  37. The paper analyses the glaze of a ceramic sherd found in the southern sector of the Durres amphitheatre. Specifically, the sherd was found in a layer datable to the late 12th to early 13th century, which can b...

    Authors: Maria Grazia Perna, Francesca Falcone, Chiara Casolino, Elvana Metalla, Gianluigi Rosatelli, Sonia Antonelli and Francesco Stoppa
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:82
  38. The Xinjiang unearthed brocade as a significant cultural heritage records the historical and cultural information of diverse ethnic groups, and it also influences cultural product development. However, the exi...

    Authors: Yu Zhao, Zhou Li, Wenliang Li and Junling Liu
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:80
  39. The blue and white porcelain produced in Jingdezhen during China’s Yuan Dynasty is an outstanding cultural heritage of ceramic art that has attracted wide attention for its identification. However, the traditi...

    Authors: Jinwei Li, Yifei Yang, Dongmian Zou, Lin Wu, Qiang Wu, Ziwei Lin and Qijiang Li
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:79
  40. On the North Loess Plateau of China, city civilization, social complexity, and stratification emerged during the Longshan period (3000-2000BCE). Based on Geographic Information System (GIS) analysis and archae...

    Authors: Jianxin Cui
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:78
  41. The Gangjin Celadon Kiln, after its excavation in 1982, was relocated and restored in 1987 and subjected to primary conservation treatment in 2007. However, many problems such as soil disintegration and cavita...

    Authors: Young Hoon Jo, Young Hwan Kim and Hae Soon Lee
    Citation: Heritage Science 2024 12:76

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